Presentation on theme: "1 Expertise in Policy Making Policy formulation, implementation and evaluation relies more than ever on scientific knowledge and the different kinds of."— Presentation transcript:
1 Expertise in Policy Making Policy formulation, implementation and evaluation relies more than ever on scientific knowledge and the different kinds of expertise. This growing importance of science in public affairs is not an isolated phenomenon and only reflects the fundamental role of science in our modern society.
2 Citizens have ambiguous feelings about science and scientists. Science is seen as a potential solution to all challenges but also as a source of threat. Eurobarometer 2005 on Europeans, Science and Technology evidenced the ambivalent attitude and its negative elements: èDecline in young people’s interest in science èStrong/Violent public opposition to certain scientific developments (GMOs,..) èFears that research could undermine personal integrity. èFeelings that research and scientific development may be harmful to the planet.
3 In this context, reflections have been undertaken on more appropriate ways to produce and channel relevant scientific advice to decision-makers and ensure its optimal use. This led to the creation of new scientific advisory bodies at national and European level and adoption of new body of legislation or guidelines. The main key words are transparency, independence, and credibility.
4 The wider debate on new forms of governance asking for clearer responsibility along the decision making chain and greater involvement of the public/stakeholders, is also a driving force. A high priority is to guarantee the democratic nature and political acceptance of the process. The degree of the public trust in the consultation process matters as much as the quality and diversity of the expertise.
Gender and research 1 -More dynamic governance of the science and society relationship 1 -More dynamic governance of the science and society relationship 2 - Strengthening potential, broadening horizons 3 - Science and society communicate 3 - Science and society communicate Place of science and technology in society Society’s engagement on science issues Our science system, its professional codes, expertise Role of the universities - modernisation Young people between science education and research careers Two-way communication of science and the public; the role of the media Science in Society 3 action lines
Action line 1: A more dynamic governance of the S&S relationship Overall objective: contribute to a better understanding of the governance of science and to support the development of an open governance of scientific research which encompasses societal concerns and involves civil society and its organisations in research policy. Activity 1.1 Better understanding of the place of science and technology (S&T) in society 1.1.1 Relationships between science, democracy and law 1.1.2 Research on ethics in science and technology 1.1.3The reciprocal influence of science and culture 1.1.4The role and the image of scientists 1.1.5Public understanding of science and promotion of public debate Activity 1.2 Developing governance to anticipate and clarify political, societal and ethical issues 1.2.1Broader engagement on science-related questions 1.2.2Conditions for an informed debate on ethics and science
Action line 1: A more dynamic governance of the S&S relationship Activity 1.3 Strengthening and improving the European science system 1.3.1Encouraging the debate on information dissemination, including access to scientific results and the future of scientific publications, taking also into account measures to improve access by the public. 1.3.2Promoting trust and self-regulation in the scientific community 1.3.3Improving the use, and monitoring the impact, of scientific advice and expertise for policy-making in Europe (including risk management), and developing practical tools and schemes (e.g. electronic networks), Activity 1.4 The evolving role of universities
9 The use of ICT can support the networking of actors involved in advisory processes and enable the development of new cooperation/communication schemes which should progressively promote: A reduction of unnecessary redundancy of efforts (e.g. National/regional advice can be used as a basis in other contexts and adapted ) An improved reaction time (in case of urgency or to get a first quick assessment) ICT to help enriching the Advisory processes
10 A Better understanding of the different (good) practices/methodologies and whenever relevant the development of common practices. Mobilise more easily a large number of organisations/experts and enrich further the knowledge base by involving experts with different cultures and coming from several disciplines (to cope with the multi-disciplinarity and ever more complex nature of the issues at stake) Create positive synergies among advisory bodies in the same and related policy fields (e.g. for health: agriculture, environment,etc.)
11 Possibility to inform and consult widely at different stages: –to better define the questions and understand their context, –to collect/access a wider range of opinions and expertise when formulating the advice (with a potential higher degree of interactivity) –and ultimately to get feedback once the advice is published and promote its dissemination and impact (interaction with decisions makers and final users/impacted actors/population) –monitor the implementation, draw lessons and undertake corrective actions whenever appropriate and possible.
12 ICT can offer more flexibility, and enable more adaptive and inclusive advisory processes Actors/ Stakeholders Citizens Experts in Topic A Experts in Topic B Experts in Topic C Advisory body Topic A Advisory body Topic A Decision Makers Need/request for advice Follow-up Advice issued t Advisory body Topic B Advisory body Topic A
13 SINAPSE Scientific information and expertise for policy support in Europe http://europa.eu/sinapse
14 WHAT IS SINAPSE An electronic network accessible via the Internet. A communication channel between the expert community and the policy makers, including the European institutions.
15 Better mobilise expertise / scientific knowledge in support to policy making (one of the two key objectives of the EU RTD policy). SINAPSE is a practical tool to support the EU efforts to develop new forms of governance. It will facilitate the involvement of actors/stakeholders that at present can't be easily consulted or encounter difficulties to share their knowledge and viewpoint. MAIN OBJECTIVES
16 The membership More than 1200 organisations and 5500 members are currently registered. As regards the scientific community, this includes some of the largest European/international organisations : – ESF (European Science Foundation) – ICSU (International Council for Science) – ALLEA (All European Academies) – FEAM (Federation of the European Academies of Medecine) – UNICA (Network of Universities from the Capitals of Europe) – EUA (European University Association) – EURO-CASE (European Council of Applied Sciences) – EARMA (European Association of Research Managers and Administrators ) –EUROHORCS (European Union Research Organisations Head of Research Councils)
17 The membership –EIRMA (European Industrial Research Management Association) –EARTO ( European Association of Research and Technology Organisations) –EMBO (European Molecular Biology Organisation) –EASAC (European Academies Scientific Advisory Council) –Academia Europaea –European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) –European Mathematical Society (EMS) –European Consortium for Political Research (ECPR) –COST –As well as several national research/health/ethics councils, research organisations, science academies, various advisory bodies covering different policy areas, and other organisations interested by the use of expertise in policy making etc.
19 In brief SINAPSE will offer the following communication tools: A “Yellow Pages” section to quickly identify and contact experts or organisations with specific expertise; An EC consultation module which will allow the Commission services to support existing consultation mechanisms, such as committee meetings; A library of expert advice aiming at increasing the dissemination, use and impact of issued advice; SINAPSE TOOLS
20 Modules to set-up “e-Communities” of members sharing a common interest (within communities: libraries of documents and links, “message board”, thematic discussions/surveys etc); An early warning system that the members can use as a channel for sending early-warning signals and raising awareness on issues were expertise plays a significant role; A Web Search service which will, once operational, allow focused and thematic searches in the web sources of the members. SINAPSE TOOLS (II)
21 SINAPSE e-Communities Easy exchange and share of information in a group of members with a common interest LIBRARY OF LINKS LIBRARY OF DOCUMENTS e-DEBATES (DISCUSSIONS/ SURVEYS) MESSAGE BOARD CALENDAR WWW ? DOCUMENTS CONTRIBUTIONS WITHIN A DISCUSSION / SURVEY PRINCIPAL MODULES NOTIFICATION SYSTEM ENABLING MEMBERS TO BE INFORMED OF ACTIVITIES CORRESPONDING TO THEIR PREFERENCES POSSIBILITY TO CREATE SPECIFIC THEMES AND FOR MEMBERS TO ASSOCIATE THEMSELVES WITH SOME OF THEM. WWW LINKS Public Surveys Public Library Public Calendar Public Library WEB SEARCH (in development) COMMUNITY ADMINISTRATION - ONE OR MORE ADMINISTRATORS - AUTOMATIC OR MANUAL VALIDATION OF ITEMS POSTED - MANAGEMENT OF FOLDER STRUCTURES - MEMBER MANAGEMENT, ETC. There is a specific management module for each discussion/survey PERSONALISATION e-communities can be graphically personalised and easy two way navigation established between the community and a website
22 SINAPSE e-Communities The Community is a private space offering also a communication with the outside via the « public elements ». The members are independent and have full autonomy in the management of the community (launch of new activities, upload of documents, changes in the membership, etc.) The basic use is simple but the tool offers enhanced functionalities whenever the needs emerge.
23 SINAPSE Communities Beyond the internal communication possibilities, one advantage of setting up a community in SINAPSE is the capacity to establish links with other networks/ organisations and to enlarge, if appropriate, the community to new relevant members who join the network and have compatible interest with the Community. (invite contacts and network). The members of the organisations already in the community have automatic access to the community if they register in SINAPSE. Beyond the community: the members can benefit and use the other SINAPSE tools and create for example specific communities with other organisations.
24 SINAPSE Communities - EXAMPLES European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) Group of Custom Laboratories (GCL – DG TAXUD) European Scientific Advice Network on Health (EUSANH). Networking of the National Ethics Council (NEC Forum) EC FP7: Ethical Review – ERA Expert Groups EURAXESS Links USA-Japan-China (network of European researchers) Network of the Universities from the Capital of Europe (UNICA). EU Commission – Justice Forum / Measure of administrative burden & Impact Assessment.
25 Community direct WEB access and password protected The community home page has its own address. Direct links also available for public elements (e.g. public library of documents or public surveys or public calendar)
26 Example / COMMUNITY OF THE FORUM OF NATIONAL ETHICS COUNCILS (NEC FORUM)
27 LIBRARY OF DOCUMENTS A library of documents organised in folders Access the documents from anywhere. The tree of folders offers an intuitive display and targeted notifications
35 PUBLIC/PRIVATE DEBATES with Direct WEB Access /
36 NOTIFICATION SETTINGS Can be restricted to specific Folders and Themes. Frequency of notification chosen by the users for each community module By default, notifications are set to once a day for all folders.