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Prozessor-Architekturen. Aktuelle Architekturen IA32 8088,80x86,Pentium I/II/III/4, Celeron, –addon MMX/SSE/..AMD-K2,Athlon (XP) –IA32-EMT64 Athlon64,

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Presentation on theme: "Prozessor-Architekturen. Aktuelle Architekturen IA32 8088,80x86,Pentium I/II/III/4, Celeron, –addon MMX/SSE/..AMD-K2,Athlon (XP) –IA32-EMT64 Athlon64,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Prozessor-Architekturen

2 Aktuelle Architekturen IA32 8088,80x86,Pentium I/II/III/4, Celeron, –addon MMX/SSE/..AMD-K2,Athlon (XP) –IA32-EMT64 Athlon64, Opteron, (Pentium4) IA64 Itanium Power 601/602/603/604/74x/ Power4(+),Power5(+) –PowerPC PPC970 (FX/MP) –Cell Cell MIPS R4000 –EE EmotionEngine SPARC –Ultra ARM PXA (XScale), TI..., DEC Alpha 360 IBM Mainframes –370 XA –390 ESA –z-Architecture

3 Entwicklung einer Architektur am Beispiel von IA32 8088/8086 –16bit/16bit addressing –Real mode addressing 80286 –20bit addressing –Protected mode (virtual memory) 80386 –Virtual 80x86 mode –32bit I486 –FPU integrated –Fully 32bit support Pentium –MMX Pentium IIAMD-K2 –MMX23D now! Pentium IIIAMD-K2/3 –SSE3D now! 2 Pentium 4Athlon64 –SSE2, (3)EMT64 –EMT64

4 Mikroarchitektur8088/8086 –In-order processing 80286 –Address translation/protection 80386 –Scheduler: >Virtual 80x86 processors I486/Pentium –Superscalar –Cache Pentium –MMX engine, speculative execution, branch prediction –Split L1 cache, L2 cache Pentium II/III –Superscalar, Out-of-Order, Regíster renaming Pentium 4 –NetBurst (deep pipelining) –Hyperthreading Pentium M –Sophisticated Power management Pentium D –Dual core architecture

5 RealisierungBipolar-Technik CMOS Prozesstechnik –0,5 µm bis aktuell 90nm –Bulk / SOI –Aluminium wiring/ Kupfer wiring –Strained silicon Bonding / FlipChip...

6 Mikroarchitektur


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