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PES’ good practices to integrate vulnerable groups into the labour market WAPES Yerevan, Armenia 5-6 September 2011 Dr. Tibor Bors BORBELY-PECZE – Senior.

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Presentation on theme: "PES’ good practices to integrate vulnerable groups into the labour market WAPES Yerevan, Armenia 5-6 September 2011 Dr. Tibor Bors BORBELY-PECZE – Senior."— Presentation transcript:

1 PES’ good practices to integrate vulnerable groups into the labour market WAPES Yerevan, Armenia 5-6 September 2011 Dr. Tibor Bors BORBELY-PECZE – Senior Adviser National Employment Office, (Hungary) Labour market integration of the Romas in Hungary

2 Who are they? Dr. Tibor Bors BORBELY-PECZE 1.a minority 2.one ethnicity 3.a different colour 4.a group of travellers, musicians 5.Somebody against the law and order? ( ατσιγανος) 6.a disadvantaged group; 1.based educational background (low qualified) 2.employment (temporary, and fragile jobs in vanishing sectors) 3.or social exclusion 7.a special group within the PES business strategy?

3 We have patterns, urban legends Dr. Tibor Bors BORBELY-PECZE Roma means this or this or even that

4 And it could mean this as well Dr. Tibor Bors BORBELY-PECZE

5 The Roma minorities in Europe Dr. Tibor Bors BORBELY-PECZE 7-8,5 million in Europe 2,5 million in the Carpathian- Basin ~ in Romania ~ in Hungary ~ in Slovakia

6 Different sub-groups and lack of data Dr. Tibor Bors BORBELY-PECZE 1.90% of the Hungarian Roma speaks only Hungarian (2003) 2.39,2 % did not finish compulsory education (total pop. 11,2%) 3.50,1% have only compulsory 8 classes (total pop. 33,8%) (source: Forray, 2003)/ Wikipéida (HU) Since 1993 there are no official data (data protection)

7 The Roma Minorities and the national programmes 1989/ Dr. Tibor Bors BORBELY-PECZE Source: State Audit Office of Hungary: The Roma Minority in Hungary and the government actions since the changes Budapest, (2008) Act on the Minorities (1993) Roma Councils First government decree in 1995 (1997, 1999, 2002, 2004, …) Roma Integration Decade (2003) Hungarian Parliament approved in 2007 National Roma Integration Strategy since the changes 7 different ministries were responsible for it Segmented programmes under different bodies 2010 new national government Ministry of Public Administration and Justice responsible for social inclusion and education New Roma programmes have been planed

8 Roma employment in Hungary Dr. Tibor Bors BORBELY-PECZE Source: Kertesi Constant dropout from the labour market since mid-80’s Between – 10% yearly 2.By % already left the labour market 3.Employment rate 29% (2003) was 85% in 1971 (15-74 ys.) Compare to that; Total empl. rate 49,6% (15-74 ys. 2011Q2); Unemployment rate 10,8% 4.Unstable work opportunities, temporary, insecure works, undeclared work Employment rate of the Romas

9 Regional differences in employment and in the Roma population by micro-regions (NUTS IV) Dr. Tibor Bors BORBELY-PECZE Roma minority, 2001 Unemployment rate, 2007

10 PES and the Roma Programmes Dr. Tibor Bors BORBELY-PECZE 1.Roma Chances House 2.Regional/ County Roma Programmes 3.Roma Mentor Programme 4.Hungarian Business Leaders Fórum - Romaster Program 5. Arts and Culture Network Program 6. Roma Versitas 7. SROP Measures (NSRF) … Currently running Roma Coach Programme (SROP 131 / modernisation of the PES) regional mentors 4209 clients 1579 employed 585 in education 673 received PES services

11 PES results in 2009 Dr. Tibor Bors BORBELY-PECZE A program ind í t ó jaA program megnevez é se A program kezdete A program v é geA program ö sszk ö lts é ge (m Ft) A bevontak l é tsz á ma (fő) Orsz á gos T Á MOP Decentraliz á lt programok a h á tr á nyos helyzetűek foglalkoztat á s áé rt D é l-alf ö ldi RMKT é rs é gi munkaerő-piaci projekt ,3388 D é l-dun á nt ú li RMK „ Graffity ” ,912 Sorsford í t ó -sorsform á l ó Patr ó nus ,396 É szak-alf ö ldi RMK Munkaerő-piaci menedzser program K ö z é p-dun á nt ú li RMK Roma k ö z ö ss é gfejlesztő h á l ó zat kialak í t á sa Veszpr é m megy é ben ,550 Nyugat-dun á nt ú li RMK Roma T é rs é gi Foglalkoztat á si Asszisztens H á l ó zat (ROTFA III.) ,8500 OFTEK fő HORIZONT Program: alternat í v munkaerő-piaci szolg á ltat á s ,9100 GAROK munkaerő-piaci program ,9 Ft12 Ö sszesen 1 826, 6 m Ft + T Á MOP ö sszege fő

12 Summary Dr. Tibor Bors BORBELY-PECZE 1. Labour market integration is the most crucial part of integration but social-cultural and economic integration can not be delivered separately 1. PES is one actor in this process 2. national coordination is a must 3. without personalised programmes the long term effect is minimal 4. relatively new tools in CEE as community development should be more frequently used 2. Open debate; are we integrating or developing the salad bowl / cultural mosaic (la mosaïque culturelle canadienne )? 3.In the post-modern labour market (where job security has been disappearing) how can the security of transition be helped with a group where job security has not been presented since the 80’s?

13 Dr. Tibor Bors BORBELY-PECZE Thank you for your attention!


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