Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Linguistic and geographical co-occurrence constraints on /r/ and /g/ in Dutch dialects Ton Goeman (Meertens Institute Amsterdam) Hans Van de Velde (Université.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Linguistic and geographical co-occurrence constraints on /r/ and /g/ in Dutch dialects Ton Goeman (Meertens Institute Amsterdam) Hans Van de Velde (Université."— Presentation transcript:

1 Linguistic and geographical co-occurrence constraints on /r/ and /g/ in Dutch dialects Ton Goeman (Meertens Institute Amsterdam) Hans Van de Velde (Université Libre de Bruxelles)

2 Based on a new dialect survey A. Dutch-Flemish Dialect Conference 1975 B. Lacuna’s in phonological and morphological dialect knowledge C. Structure of changing dialects at the end of the 20th century D. Fieldwork –

3 HOW? A. Questionnaire & transcriptions in narrow IPA B. Localities –410 localities in the Netherlands –210 localities in Belgium –52 localities in the province of Friesland C. Collaboration –Meertens Instituut / Ghent / Leuven / Groningen / Fryske Akademy / Free University Amsterdam

4 Results fieldwork Transcriptions entered in databank: Netherlands: 365 localities; 25 by Groningen: Drente Belgium: 189 localities Total: 554 –Friesland: 23 localities only fragmentarily

5 Distribution of the 554 localities

6 Phonology: what? Vocalism: –Long (also historically long) –Short (id.) –Diphthongs (id.) With & without front mutation factor Open & closed syllables

7 Vocalism (cont.) Before all rhyme positions (voiced & voiceless ): – -t/d, s/z, p/b, f/v, k, ch/g, l, r, n, m, w, j, morpheme final, st/sp/sk, ts/ps/ks, ft/cht, – r+t/d, r+s/z, r+labial, l+velar, r+l, r+n, r+m – n+t/d, n+s/z, m+p, ng(+velar) – l+alveolar, l+labial, l+velar, l+m – l+CC, r+CC, n+CC

8 Consonants wordinitially (before different vowels) New with respect to past projects: –Completeness –Unknown state of affairs: e.g.: pronunciation of / g /: ‘soft’ g en ‘harsh’ g Not transcribed in the past Not retraceable by postal questionnaire Example as making part of future volume of FAND: ‘g’ in geven ‘give’: __[-back]

9 / ƒ / in ‘geven’ Fieldwork Amsterdam Leuven Gent Groningen

10 Total: 1878 wordforms, wordgroups or sentences 286 wordforms with / g / 76 wordinitial wordforms with / r / 62 wordfinal wordforms with / r /

11 Items chosen for /r/ Initial / r / –riem ‘belt’ / i / regen ‘rain’ / e. /, rest ‘rest’ / E /, rood ‘red’ / o. / Initial / r / cluster –vroeg ‘early’ / u /, groen ‘green’, droog ‘dry’ /o./, groot ‘great’ /o./ Final / r / –bier ‘beer / i. /’, weer ‘anew’ / e. /, meer ‘more’, zwaar ‘heavy’ / a, /, zuur ‘sour’ / y /, duur ‘expensive’ / y /

12 Items chosen for /g/ Initial (/ I, e., E, a, A, ç, o., u /) –gisteren ‘yesterday’, geel ‘yellow’, geven ‘give, geld ‘money’, gapen ‘yawn’, gaan ‘go’, gal ‘bile’, god ‘god’, goot ‘gutter, goed ‘good’ Final (/ e., E, u /) –deeg ‘pastry’, weg ‘way, vroeg ‘early’

13 Overall frequency of variants and geographical distribution Frequencies of variants may be more or less the same when the whole linguistic area is taken into account tables However, the distribution of variants may differ when we look at their geographical spread maps

14

15 Before high front vowel

16 Before front vowels

17 Before back vowel

18

19 After high front vowel

20 After front vowels

21 After low front vowel

22 After front rounded vowels

23

24 After back vowels

25

26

27 Different realisations of ‘palatal’ /g / Goeman (1999)

28 Before front vowel

29 Before front vowels

30 Before / E / and / o. /

31 (back variants of / a / e.g. in the east)

32 Back vowels

33

34 Front ~back vowels

35 / r / versus / g / word initially Front vowels

36 / r / versus / g / word finally Front vowels

37 Conclusions for / r / and / g / –Regions with velar g show also apical r –Regions with palatal g show uvular R But not in the North East Not word finally in North Holland –Regions with extremely fronted /g/ are kernel regions with uvular R –Initially Region with faryngeal~h g show apical r –Finally Region with velar g show apical r –In Zealand

38 Conclusions specific for / g / Word finally, allophonic distribution is more clear than word initially Sometimes word specific Contrary to the Standard Language, uvular / g / is in the minority in the dialects

39 Conclusions specific for / r / compared to / g / Initially, no allophonic vowel distribution effects for / r / Cfr. Van Reenen –While light allophonic vowel distribution effects for for / g / South and East /R/ from Germany –Cfr. Van Reenen (Cologne?) –While palatal / g / autochtonous (or from Cologne?) –Cfr. for Cologne Weijnen

40 Realization of (g)

41 Realization of (r)

42 Correlation Coefficients all correlations are significant, p<.001

43 Fieldwork, IPA transcriptions or data entry/correction Amsterdam –J. Aben, B. van den Berg, J. Buitenhuis, D. Coppes, J. Daan, M. Engelen, M. Fransen, L. Gijsbers, T. Goeman, R. Hofstee, E. van Houten, T. de Jong, I. Kemperman-van Driel, A. Klaassen, M. Klamer, G. Kocks, J. Kruijssen, Lutz, E. Matthijs, M. van Mulken, A. Ottow- Kolman, B. Pijn, S. van der Ree, P. van Reenen, K. van Reenen-Stein, A. de Reus, J. de Rooij, M. Schellevis, M. Stols, H. Veenhof-Haan, P. Veerman, P. van Vliet, A. de Vries, C. van Zaanen


Download ppt "Linguistic and geographical co-occurrence constraints on /r/ and /g/ in Dutch dialects Ton Goeman (Meertens Institute Amsterdam) Hans Van de Velde (Université."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google