Presentation on theme: "Investing in adaptation to climate change with the Cohesion Policy"— Presentation transcript:
1Investing in adaptation to climate change with the 2014-2020 Cohesion Policy Open Days 2013 "Climate Change adaptation: new EU strategy, new EU funding period. Are regions ready to respond? "Mathieu FichterEuropean Commission - DG REGIOTeam Leader 'Sustainable Growth'
2Content The framework of 2014-2020 Cohesion Policy Opportunities for investments in adaptation to climate changeKey elements for successful deliveryExamples
4Cohesion PolicyObjectives of cohesion policy: strengthen the EU’s economic, social and territorial cohesionAlignment with ‘Europe 2020’ and its focus on smart, sustainable and inclusive growthIncreased thematic focus & performance orientation (ex-ante conditionality; performance reserve…)
5How will funding be allocated? More developed regionsTransition regionsLess developed regions/MSBudget allocation(in %)Population covered(in millions)Cohesion Policy
6Thematic objectives Europe 2020 Research and innovation Information and Communication TechnologiesCompetitiveness of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SME)Shift to a low-carbon economyClimate change adaptation and risk management & preventionEnvironmental protection and resource efficiencyPromoting sustainable transport & removing bottlenecks in key network infrastructuresEmployment and support for labour mobilitySocial inclusion and poverty reductionEducation, skills and lifelong learningIncreased institutional capacity and effectiveness of public administrationsmartEurope 2020sustainableinclusiveCohesion Policy
7Concentration of ERDF for 2014-2020* Research and InnovationLow-carbon economy(Energy efficiency andrenewable energy)SMEs competitivenessICTDeveloped regionsTransition regionsLess developed regions12%20%15%60%45 %38%No more ceiling for investing in EE in housing (currently maximum 4% of ERDF)* Current state of the trilogue negotiations7
8Opportunities for investments in adaptation to climate change
9Why using ERDF/Cohesion Fund for adaptation ? Importance of local/regional authorities: deal with immediate consequences of disastersInvesting in adaptation =preserving socio-economic development & capacitiesmaintaining territorial cohesion: certain territories more at risk than othersPreserve 'public goods' (infrastructures, ecosystems, health system…)Adaptation to CC = fits well with overall objectives of Regional Policy!
10The legislative proposal Thematic Objective 4 (shift to low-carbon economy):Investment Priority on "promoting low-carbon strategies for all type of territories […] including the promotion of […] mitigation relevant adaptation measuresThematic Objective 5 (Promoting climate change adaptation, risk prevention and management)Investment Priority on "Supporting dedicated investment for adaptation to climate change"Investment Priority on "Promoting investment to address specific risks, ensuring disaster resilience and developing disaster management systems
11Possible actions to be supported (I) Development of national/regional/local 'knowledge base'Scientific background studies & reportsMonitoring systemsICT development (use of satellite data…)Development of strategies & action plans:Adaptation strategies for cities/regions
12Possible actions to be supported (II) Ecosystem-based solutions: floodplains, wetland preservation, forest management…Risk prevention & management plans at national, regional and local levelFlood and coastal defence (dikes, reservoirs…)Preparedness tools (detection, early warning and alert systems, risk mapping and assessment)Support to highly specialised response units / civil protection modules
13Possible actions to be supported (III) "Disaster proofing" infrastructure (transport, health…)Cross-border natural risk prevention & managementMacro-regional approaches to adaptation & risk preventionsMitigation relevant adaptation measures: peatland conservation/restoration…
15Lessons learnt fromMany MS/regions faced difficulties to use ERDF/CF 'risk prevention' fundingVarious problems:Lack of awareness among stakeholders / authorities of availability of ERDF/CF for adaptation/risk preventionWeak capacities of responsible authorities to design/deliver such projectsLack of relevant strategies & plans at national/regional/city levelInterreg = good framework for adaptation projects1515
16Key featuresNo 'one-size-fits all' approach: adaptation is 'place-specific' = 'geographic flexibility'But certain common features: develop partnerships / clusters / exchange of experience & practicesInvest in & develop modelling tools/systems to get forecasts and frame uncertaintiesInvest in skills & capacities to enable actors working with & in uncertainty (across sectors: construction, spatial planning, health…)
17GovernanceKey importance of governance to design, develop & implement adaptation projects:Innovation in governance systems for adaptationSocial innovation (in engaging with all stakeholders) & ownership building of public decisions through transparencyPilots & demonstrationsMonitoring, reporting & evaluation: learn from new approachesDevelop a 'life-cycle approach' & maintain all actors involved
19Adaptation in urban areas Interreg ‘Green and Blue Space Adaptation for Urban Areas and Eco Towns (GRaBS)’ project14 partners, 8 MSDeveloped database of 15 case studies from cities acting on adaptationWork on ‘Green infrastructure’ including gardens, parks, productive landscapes, green corridors, green roofs, water bodies, for climate resilient urban developmentExample: UK north-west climate action plan with report on: 'Green infrastructure: How and where can it help the Northwest mitigate and adapt to climate change?
20Water retention in forests in PL (I) Improving the surface water resources, soil and groundwaterRe-naturisation of watercourses and wetlandsAligning and slowing water runoff during flood events (flood retention)Minimizing the risk and preventing droughts
21Small scale water retention in lowlands Est.Investment:ca. 50 M EUR (ca. 34,2 M by Cohesion Fund)Number of structures:over 3000Water Storage Capacity:over 31 million m3 (including storage of groundwater)Small scale water retention in mountain areasEst.Investment:ca. 43 M EUR (ca. 30 M by Cohesion Fund)Number of structures:over 3500Water Storage Capacity:over 1,2 million m3 without storage of groundwater21
22Adaptation in Baltic Sea Region Transnational "Baltadapt project": recently delivered a ‘Baltadapt' Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change in the Baltic Sea Region and an accompanying Action PlanFlagship Project under the EU Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region11 partners from 8 countries€ 2.86 M of which € 2.1 M ERDF
23ConclusionsAdaptation to climate change = clear thematic objective under cohesion policyTailor made support to the specific needs at local/regional levelLook for multi-benefit programmes & projects = synergies with water, nature, biodiversity…Link to Innovation is a further way ahead