Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid Towards international standards for legislative drafting IAL Preliminary workshop on common quality standards for legislation.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid Towards international standards for legislative drafting IAL Preliminary workshop on common quality standards for legislation."— Presentation transcript:

1 Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid Towards international standards for legislative drafting IAL Preliminary workshop on common quality standards for legislation Cape Town, april 9th, 2013 Professor.dr. Sjoerd. E. Zijlstra VU University Amsterdam

2 Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid Harmony within, disharmony between national drafting traditions A few examples: static and dynamic reference to other Acts; the structure of statutes (place of definitions, provisions concerning entry into force, short title); the way entry into force of a statute affects already situations.

3 Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid Something should be done Why? These differences form a serious obstruction of the accessibility and practical usefulness of legislation in a globalizing legal order How? By building international standards for legislative drafting

4 Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid International standards for legislative drafting: the Test (I) Subject: … Test A: Is there a best way? - linguistic economy; - linguistic clarity; - legislative logic.

5 Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid Example linguistic economy ©Ian McLeod Don’t say: When a local planning authority has received an application for planning permission, it must determine that application within eight weeks of the date on which the application was received. But: A local planning authority must determine applications for planning permission within eight weeks of receiving them.

6 Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid Our first international standard Sentences Keep propositions short.

7 Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid Example linguistic clarity (a) © G.C. Thornton Don’t say A person who shows to the satisfaction of the registrar that– a. he is of good character; b. he holds a Commonwealth qualification in veterinary surgery; c. that he has the requisite practical skill and experience; d. shall be entitled to have his name entered in the register.

8 Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid Example linguistic clarity (b) But A person shall be entitled to have his or her name entered in the register if that person shows to the satisfaction of the registrar that said person: a. is of good character; b. holds a Commonwealth qualification in veterinary surgery; c. has the requisite practical skill and experience.

9 Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid Example legislative logic Even better: A person shall be entitled to have his or her name entered in the register if that person shows to the satisfaction of the registrar that said person: a. is of good character; b. holds a Commonwealth qualification in veterinary surgery, and c. has the requisite practical skill and experience.

10 Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid Our second international standard Paragraphing: character of subsections The inclusive or exclusive character of the subsections should be made clear. This may be done by using the word ‘and’ (inclusive) or ‘or’ (exclusive), or by the introductory words to the paragraphing.

11 Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid Our third international standard Provisions concerning entry into force Provisions concerning entry into force are placed at the end of an Act

12 Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid Our fourth international standard Reference to other acts In the absence of a clear and express indication to the contrary, a reference to another Act or provision thereof, includes later amendments to that Act or provision (dynamic reference).

13 Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid Our fourth international standard (improved) Reference to other acts 1. When referring to another Act or provision thereof, the nature of the reference should be made clear. A static reference is formulated according to the following example: […] A dynamic reference is formulated according to the following example: […]. 2. In the absence of a clear and express indication to the contrary, a reference to another Act or provision thereof, includes later amendments to that Act or provision (dynamic reference).

14 Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid International standards for legislative drafting: the Test (II) Subject: … Test B: If there isn’t a best way, is there a common ground?

15 Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid International standards for legislative drafting: the Test (III) Subject: … Test C: If there isn’t a best way or a common ground, can a common ground be created?

16 Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid International standards for legislative drafting: the Test (IV) Subject: … Test D: If tests A-C fail to provide a positive answer, can we otherwise construe an international standard?

17 Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid We need your help! Add items to the list Help us interpret your guidelines and interpretation acts. Lead us to other sources and materials. Most of all: enter into discussion with us!


Download ppt "Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid Towards international standards for legislative drafting IAL Preliminary workshop on common quality standards for legislation."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google