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Articulation of Consonants Töltéssy Zoltán Department of English Linguistics and Literature University of Miskolc Miskolc, Spring 2012.

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Presentation on theme: "Articulation of Consonants Töltéssy Zoltán Department of English Linguistics and Literature University of Miskolc Miskolc, Spring 2012."— Presentation transcript:

1 Articulation of Consonants Töltéssy Zoltán Department of English Linguistics and Literature University of Miskolc Miskolc, Spring 2012

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3 The International Phonetic Alphabet (revised to 2005) © 2005 IPA

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5 Larynx 1 1 Hyoid bone 2 Thyroid cartilage 3 Crycoid cartilage 4 Cartilaginous rings of the trachea 5 Epiglottis 6 Vocal cords/folds 7 Arytenoid cartilages

6 Larynx 2 Cartilages of the larynx 1 Thyroid cartilage 2 Crycoid cartilage 3 Arytenoid cartilages (Source: Laver 1995:84) Front view Rear view

7 Epiglottis Epiglottis of an 18 year old female visible from outside (Source: “Epiglottis.” In: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Updated: Retrieved: ) Uvula Epiglottis Tonsils

8 Larynx 3 The anatomy of the larynx (Source: Roach 1991:27) Thyroid cartilage Vocal cords Crycoid cartilage Arytenoid cartilages Glottis

9 Phonation 1 Muscular tensions in the larynx (Source: “Types of phonation.” In: EEG and voice quality. Uploaded: 1997 Retrieved: ) Longitudinal tension Medial compression Adductive tension

10 Phonation 2 Nil phonation (complete closure) 1 Glottal stop position of the vocal cords (Sources: “Types of phonation.” In: EEG and voice quality. Uploaded: 1997 Retrieved: Roach 1991:28 and Pintér 1987:14 ) Medial compression of the vocal cords

11 Phonation 3 Nil phonation 2 Natural breath position of the vocal cords (Sources: Roach 1991:27—8 and Pintér 1987:14) Angle of c 45°

12 Phonation 4 Deep sigh position of the broadly abducted vocal cords (Source: “Artikulation (Linguistik).” In: Wikipedia, die freie Enzyklopädie. Updated: Retrieved: )

13 Phonation 5 Articulation of /h/ (Source: Pintér 1987:14) Angle of 10°

14 Phonation 6 Modal voice (the vibration of the vocal folds) (Sources: Roach 1991:28 and Pintér 1987:14)

15 Phonation 7 Voiceless whisper phonation (Source: “Types of phonation.” In: EEG and voice quality. Uploaded: 1997 Retrieved: and Trask 1996:386)

16 Phonation 8 Falsetto (Sources: “Types of phonation.” In: EEG and voice quality. Uploaded: 1997 Retrieved: and Trask 1996:[139]—40) Angle of narrower than 10°

17 Bibliography Laver 1995 Laver, John. Principles of phonetics. Reprinted. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 1995, cop xxviii, 707 p. : ill. ; 23 cm (Cambridge textbooks in linguistics, ISSN ---) ISBN Pintér 1987 Pintér Tamás. English phonetics and phonology = Angol fonetika és fonológia. 4. kiad. Budapest : Tankönyvkiadó, p. : ill. ; 23.9 cm ISBN --- J Roach 1991 Roach, Peter. English phonetics and phonology : a practical course. 2nd edition. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, x, 262 p. : ill. ISBN Trask 1996 Trask, R. L. A dictionary of phonetics and phonology. Reprinted. London ; New York : Routledge, xiv, 424 p. : ill. ; 23.3 cm ISBN

18 Webliography “Artikulation (Linguistik).” In: Wikipedia, die freie Enzyklopädie. Updated: Retrieved: ) “Epiglottis.” In: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. “Artikulation (Linguistik).” In: Wikipedia, die freie Enzyklopädie. Updated: Retrieved: ) “Types of phonation.” In: EEG and voice quality. Uploaded: 1997 Retrieved:


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