Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

THE DEFINITION AND SCOPE OF APPLIED LINGUISTICS. History of the field: Focus on language pedagogy Traditional Latin and Greek through grammar translation.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "THE DEFINITION AND SCOPE OF APPLIED LINGUISTICS. History of the field: Focus on language pedagogy Traditional Latin and Greek through grammar translation."— Presentation transcript:

1 THE DEFINITION AND SCOPE OF APPLIED LINGUISTICS

2 History of the field: Focus on language pedagogy Traditional Latin and Greek through grammar translation

3 How to learn to speak a L2 fast Audiolingualism - the „Army method”  Pronunciation and conversation drills  Focus on speech  No explanation and translation

4 How to best teach a language: Psychology and linguistics Behaviourism and Bloomfieldian Linguistics  Tabula rasa  Imitation, practice (Pavlov, Skinner)  Discrete items (Bloomfield)  Contrastive analysis (Lado)

5 Why can’t kids imitate Cognitivism and Generative Grammar  Child language research (Berko)  Cognitive development (Piaget)  LAD (Chomsky)  Deep structure – surface structure  Competence – performance

6 What goes on in the human mind: Neurolingusitics and psycholinguistics  The neurological basis of language learning and use

7 How to define language knowledge Council of Europe Language Project  Notions and functions for Threshold Levels  Rigorous linguistic study intellectual basis for the development of ELT

8 Communicative Competence „Én röfög kicsi német”  CALP and BICS (Dell Hymes)

9 Celce-Murcia (2008:46)

10 Why don’t we say what we mean: Pragmatics  Gricean Maxims manner quality quantity relevance

11 Speech Acts (Austin, Searle) - Locution - Illocution - Perlocution

12 Contrastive rhetoric 1. Ez egy nagyon finom vörösbor, állítólag Liszt Ferencnek is ez volt a kedvence, remélem, önnek is megnyeri a tetszését. 2. This is a bottle of red wine, which is claimed to be a good one … 3. Amari oishii kono dewa nai keredomo, o-kuchi ni awanai kamoshiremasenga. (This red wine is not very good, I’m afraid you won’t like it.) (Hidasi, 2004)

13 Cultural thought patterns in writing (R. Kaplan) English Semitic Oriental Romance Russian

14 The narrow definition of AL: „the showpiece of linguistics”  Language teaching theory, language pedagogy  Testing ground for linguistics

15 The broad definition of AL: „the basket of many goodies”  Theoretical orientation: sociolinguistics psycholinguistics pragmatics L1 and L2 acquisition discourse analysis

16 o Practical orientation L1 and L2 teaching translation discourse and conversation analysis language planning LSP neurolinguistics computational linguistics

17 What is applied? The methods and findings of various disciplines

18 New definitions of linguistics (Strevens)  Formal linguistics A current best theory of language exists based on linguistics Task of the scholar: contribute to the development of theory Theory determines what research is needed Practice should be restricted to the validated results of that theory

19 Communicative linguistics Problem driven Empirically grounded Multi-disciplinary Contextualised view of language Functionalist approach

20 What is linguistics about it?  AL investigates language in use  Linguistic descriptions of language and methods of linguistic enquiry  Aim is NOT to contribute to descriptions of language, but to solve practical problems


Download ppt "THE DEFINITION AND SCOPE OF APPLIED LINGUISTICS. History of the field: Focus on language pedagogy Traditional Latin and Greek through grammar translation."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google