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1. Dr. Volker Stelzer Sustainability in Megacities F o r o I n t e r n a c i o n a l Bogotá - Berlin - Bejing Challenges and Solutions for Megacities Bogota,

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Presentation on theme: "1. Dr. Volker Stelzer Sustainability in Megacities F o r o I n t e r n a c i o n a l Bogotá - Berlin - Bejing Challenges and Solutions for Megacities Bogota,"— Presentation transcript:

1 1. Dr. Volker Stelzer Sustainability in Megacities F o r o I n t e r n a c i o n a l Bogotá - Berlin - Bejing Challenges and Solutions for Megacities Bogota, 2 nd October 2008 Dr. Volker Stelzer, Jürgen Kopfmüller, Juliane Jörissen ITAS – Institute for Technical Estimation and System Analysis (ITAS) ITAS – Institute for Technical Estimation and System Analysis (ITAS)

2 KIT – die Kooperation von Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH und Universität Karlsruhe (TH) 2 Dr. Volker Stelzer Content Content Definition of sustainable development The Integrative Concept of Sustainable Development Sustainability in the Megacities Next Steps

3 KIT – die Kooperation von Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH und Universität Karlsruhe (TH) 3 Dr. Volker Stelzer Sustainable Development Constitutive elements Inter- and intragenerational justice Global perspective Integrative view Anthropocentric view Universal validity Definition Brundtland report Rio-documents Discussion

4 KIT – die Kooperation von Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH und Universität Karlsruhe (TH) 4 Dr. Volker Stelzer The Integrative Concept of Sustainable Development from the Helmholtz Association General sustainability goals Secure human existence Maintain societys productive potential Preserve societys options for development and action Analytical Sustainability Concept

5 KIT – die Kooperation von Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH und Universität Karlsruhe (TH) 5 Dr. Volker Stelzer General sustainability goals Securing human existenceMaintaining society´s productive potential Preserving society´s options for development and action Integrative Concept of Sustainable Development

6 KIT – die Kooperation von Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH und Universität Karlsruhe (TH) 6 Dr. Volker Stelzer General sustainability goals Securing human existenceMaintaining society´s productive potential Preserving society´s options for development and action Substantial rules Protection of human healthSustainable use of renewable resources Equal access of all people to information, education and occupation Ensuring the satisfaction of basic needs Sustainable use of non-renewable resources Participation in societal decision- making processes Autonomous subsistence based on income from own work Sustainable use of the environ- ment as a sink Conservation of cultural heritage and cultural diversity Just distribution of chances for using natural resources Avoiding technical risks with potentially catastrophic impacts Conservation of the cultural function of nature Reduction of extreme income or wealth inequalities Sustainable development of man- made, human, knowledge capital Conservation of social resour- ces Integrative Concept of Sustainable Development

7 KIT – die Kooperation von Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH und Universität Karlsruhe (TH) 7 Dr. Volker Stelzer General sustainability goals Securing human existenceMaintaining society´s productive potential Preserving society´s options for development and action Substantial rules Protection of human healthSustainable use of renewable resources Equal access of all people to information, education and occupation Ensuring the satisfaction of basic needs Sustainable use of non-renewable resources Participation in societal decision- making processes Autonomous subsistence based on income from own work Sustainable use of the environ- ment as a sink Conservation of cultural heritage and cultural diversity Just distribution of chances for using natural resources Avoiding technical risks with potentially catastrophic impacts Conservation of the cultural function of nature Reduction of extreme income or wealth inequalities Sustainable development of man- made, human, knowledge capital Conservation of social resour- ces Instrumental rules - Internalisation of environmental and social external costs - Society´s ability to respond - Adequate discounting - Ability to reflexivity - Limitation of public indebtedness - Ability to self-management - Fair international economic framework conditions - Ability to self-organisation - International co-operation - Balance of power between societal actors Integrative Concept of Sustainable Development

8 KIT – die Kooperation von Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH und Universität Karlsruhe (TH) 8 Dr. Volker Stelzer LocalStakeholdersScientific Advisory Board CrosscuttingConcept: Sustainabledevelopment CrosscuttingConcept: Governance CrosscuttingConcept: Risk Development and Dissemination of Orientation Knowledge Methods Indicators Toolkits Scenarios Capacity Building Centre for Sustainable Urban Development Socio - spatial differentiation Water - resources and services Land use management Energy system Research Programme RiskHabitat Megacity Air quality and health Waste management Transportation ProjectCoordinator ProjectCoordinationCommittee Stakeholders locales Consejo Scientifico development Tema transversal: Governance Desarollo y diseminación de conocimiento orientador Métodos Indicadores Herramientas Escenarios Educación/ Formación Centro Internacional Para el Desarollo Urbano Sostenible Segregación socio-espacial Agua – recorces y serviciosGestión en uso del suelo Sistema de energía Programa de investigación Risk Habitat Megacity Contaminación atmosfética Gestión de residuos solidos Transporte Coordinador de proyectos Comité coordinator de proyecto Tema transversal: Desarollo sostenible Tema transversal: Riesgo

9 KIT – die Kooperation von Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH und Universität Karlsruhe (TH) 9 Dr. Volker Stelzer Air quality and health Water resources and services Socio-spatial differentiation Land-use management Energy system Waste management Transportation Fields of Applicationof the Project RHM Fields of Application of the Project RHM Risk Habitat Megacity ¿Sostenibilidad en Riesgo? Fields of Application

10 KIT – die Kooperation von Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH und Universität Karlsruhe (TH) 10 Dr. Volker Stelzer SD rule: Protection of human health Intestinal infectious diseases Respiratory diseases High under-5-years-mortality rate Low life expectancy High human losses due to natural disasters Early mortality High concentration of persistent organic pollutants (POP) in human tissue High percentage of population being exposed to a noise level of more than 65 dB(A) by day and 55 dB(A) by night Sustainability Problems ofMegacities (ex.) (I) Sustainability Problems of Megacities (ex.) (I)

11 KIT – die Kooperation von Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH und Universität Karlsruhe (TH) 11 Dr. Volker Stelzer Sustainability Problems ofMegacities (ex.) (II) Sustainability Problems of Megacities (ex.) (II) SD rule: Satisfaction of basic needs Undernourished people Population living below 2 $ per day Homeless people School leavers without graduation Adult illiteracy Population without access to primary health care facilities SD rule: Possibility of autonomous subsistence Long-term unemployment Precarious employments Jobs within the informal sector Lack of credits for the low-income sector

12 KIT – die Kooperation von Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH und Universität Karlsruhe (TH) 12 Dr. Volker Stelzer SD rule: Sustainable use of non-renewable resources Low intensity of Material Use High imports of non-renewable resources Low carbon economic efficiency SD rule: Sustainable use of the environment as a sink CO 2 emission Atmospheric greenhouse gas concentration NOx emissions VOC emissions SO 2 emissions Consumption of ozone depleting substances Sustainability Problems ofMegacities (ex.) (III) Sustainability Problems of Megacities (ex.) (III)

13 KIT – die Kooperation von Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH und Universität Karlsruhe (TH) 13 Dr. Volker Stelzer SD rule: Development of human and knowledge capital Low percentage of population with high school diploma or university degree Low percentage of people speaking at least one foreign language Not suficiant teacher / professors Low R & D expenditure Sustainability Problems ofMegacities (ex.) (IV) Sustainability Problems of Megacities (ex.) (IV) SD rule: Participation in societal decision-making processes Low voter turnout in municipal, provincial and federal/national elections No direct election of members of the regional government Few planning processes including institutionalized citizens participation Low rate of unionization

14 KIT – die Kooperation von Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH und Universität Karlsruhe (TH) 14 Dr. Volker Stelzer SD rule: Limitation of public indebtedness High budget deficit quota High dept level Sustainability Problems ofMegacities (ex.) (V) Sustainability Problems of Megacities (ex.) (V) SD rule: Balance of power between societal actors High market-share concentration in important economic branches Few companies with a workers´ council SD rule: Social coherence of society Crime Inefectivity of public safety services Homicides Lack of people active in local organisations and NGOs Low expenditure for child and youth work

15 KIT – die Kooperation von Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH und Universität Karlsruhe (TH) 15 Dr. Volker Stelzer Next Steps within the RHM Project Finalizing the comprehensive probleme / indicator list Select problems / indicators Finalise szenarios Szenario assessment Development of Strategies Selection of the city for the expansion strategy

16 16. Dr. Volker Stelzer Thank you for your attention For more information: For more information: and:


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