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Sustainability in Megacities

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1 Sustainability in Megacities
F o r o I n t e r n a c i o n a l Bogotá - Berlin - Bejing Challenges and Solutions for Megacities Bogota, 2nd October 2008 Dr. Volker Stelzer, Jürgen Kopfmüller, Juliane Jörissen ITAS – Institute for Technical Estimation and System Analysis (ITAS)

2 Content Content Definition of sustainable development
The Integrative Concept of Sustainable Development Sustainability in the Megacities Next Steps Inter / Intra: Satisfy the necessities of current generation without affecting future ones. Global perspective: think global act local Anthropocentric view: durable satisfaction of human needs Productove potential: human capital, natural, intellectual, social Option for development: access to education, informtion, culture. 2 Dr. Volker Stelzer

3 Sustainable Development
Definition Brundtland report Rio-documents Discussion Constitutive elements Inter- and intragenerational justice Global perspective Integrative view Anthropocentric view Universal validity Inter / Intra: Satisfy the necessities of current generation without affecting future ones. Global perspective: think global act local Anthropocentric view: durable satisfaction of human needs Productove potential: human capital, natural, intellectual, social Option for development: access to education, informtion, culture. 3 Dr. Volker Stelzer

4 Analytical Sustainability Concept
The “Integrative Concept of Sustainable Development” from the Helmholtz Association General sustainability goals Secure human existence Maintain society’s productive potential Preserve society’s options for development and action Inter / Intra: Satisfy the necessities of current generation without affecting future ones. Global perspective: think global act local Anthropocentric view: durable satisfaction of human needs Productove potential: human capital, natural, intellectual, social Option for development: access to education, informtion, culture. 4 Dr. Volker Stelzer

5 General sustainability goals
Integrative Concept of Sustainable Development General sustainability goals Securing human existence Maintaining society´s productive potential Preserving society´s options for development and action 5 Dr. Volker Stelzer

6 General sustainability goals
Integrative Concept of Sustainable Development General sustainability goals Securing human existence Maintaining society´s productive potential Preserving society´s options for development and action Substantial rules Protection of human health Sustainable use of renewable resources Equal access of all people to information, education and occupation Ensuring the satisfaction of basic needs Sustainable use of non-renewable resources Participation in societal decision-making processes Autonomous subsistence based on income from own work Sustainable use of the environ-ment as a sink Conservation of cultural heritage and cultural diversity Just distribution of chances for using natural resources Avoiding technical risks with potentially catastrophic impacts Conservation of the cultural function of nature Reduction of extreme income or wealth inequalities Sustainable development of man-made, human, knowledge capital Conservation of “social resour-ces” 6 Dr. Volker Stelzer

7 General sustainability goals
Integrative Concept of Sustainable Development General sustainability goals Securing human existence Maintaining society´s productive potential Preserving society´s options for development and action Substantial rules Protection of human health Sustainable use of renewable resources Equal access of all people to information, education and occupation Ensuring the satisfaction of basic needs Sustainable use of non-renewable resources Participation in societal decision-making processes Autonomous subsistence based on income from own work Sustainable use of the environ-ment as a sink Conservation of cultural heritage and cultural diversity Just distribution of chances for using natural resources Avoiding technical risks with potentially catastrophic impacts Conservation of the cultural function of nature Reduction of extreme income or wealth inequalities Sustainable development of man-made, human, knowledge capital Conservation of “social resour-ces” Instrumental rules - Internalisation of environmental and social external costs Society´s ability to respond - Adequate discounting Ability to reflexivity - Limitation of public indebtedness Ability to self-management - Fair international economic framework conditions Ability to self-organisation - International co-operation Balance of power between societal actors 7 Dr. Volker Stelzer

8 Coordinador de proyectos Comité coordinator de proyecto
Stakeholders locales Programa de investigación „Risk Habitat Megacity“ Research Programme Local Stakeholders Scientific Advisory Board Consejo Scientifico Risk Habitat Megacity“ Desarollo y diseminación de conocimiento orientador Coordinador de proyectos Project Coordinator Development and Project Comité coordinator de proyecto Coordination Committee Dissemination of Orientation Knowledge Métodos Indicadores Herramientas Escenarios Methods Tema transversal: Governance Crosscutting Concept : Indicators services Governance Toolkits Scenarios and Educación/ Formación differentiation Tema transversal: Riesgo Crosscutting Concept : health Contaminación atmosfética Capacity Building Agua – recorces y servicios Risk development management Segregación socio-espacial Gestión de residuos solidos Gestión en uso del suelo Centro Internacional Para el Desarollo Urbano Sostenible and resources management Sistema de energía system Centre for In summary, the integrative and interdisciplinary character of the initiative allows scientists and policy makers to deepen the understanding of megacities as a system and to develop orientation knowledge and activity-related knowledge. spatial Sustainable Urban Crosscutting Tema transversal: Desarollo sostenible Concept : use - quality - Transportation Transporte Development Sustainable development Energy Land Water Socio Waste Air 8 Dr. Volker Stelzer

9 Fields of Application of the Project RHM
Risk Habitat Megacity ¿Sostenibilidad en Riesgo? Fields of Application Air quality and health Water resources and services Socio-spatial differentiation Land-use management Energy system Waste management Transportation 9 Dr. Volker Stelzer

10 Sustainability Problems of Megacities (ex.) (I)
SD rule: Protection of human health Intestinal infectious diseases Respiratory diseases High under-5-years-mortality rate Low life expectancy High human losses due to natural disasters Early mortality High concentration of persistent organic pollutants (POP) in human tissue High percentage of population being exposed to a noise level of more than 65 dB(A) by day and 55 dB(A) by night 10 Dr. Volker Stelzer

11 Sustainability Problems of Megacities (ex.) (II)
SD rule: Satisfaction of basic needs Undernourished people Population living below 2 $ per day Homeless people School leavers without graduation Adult illiteracy Population without access to primary health care facilities SD rule: Possibility of autonomous subsistence Long-term unemployment Precarious employments Jobs within the informal sector Lack of credits for the low-income sector 11 Dr. Volker Stelzer

12 Sustainability Problems of Megacities (ex.) (III)
SD rule: Sustainable use of non-renewable resources Low intensity of Material Use High imports of non-renewable resources Low carbon economic efficiency SD rule: Sustainable use of the environment as a sink CO2 emission Atmospheric greenhouse gas concentration NOx emissions VOC emissions SO2 emissions Consumption of ozone depleting substances 12 Dr. Volker Stelzer

13 Sustainability Problems of Megacities (ex.) (IV)
SD rule: Development of human and knowledge capital Low percentage of population with high school diploma or university degree Low percentage of people speaking at least one foreign language Not suficiant teacher / professors Low R & D expenditure SD rule: Participation in societal decision-making processes Low voter turnout in municipal, provincial and federal/national elections No direct election of members of the regional government Few planning processes including institutionalized citizens participation Low rate of unionization 13 Dr. Volker Stelzer

14 Sustainability Problems of Megacities (ex.) (V)
SD rule: Social coherence of society Crime Inefectivity of public safety services Homicides Lack of people active in local organisations and NGOs Low expenditure for child and youth work SD rule: Limitation of public indebtedness High budget deficit quota High dept level SD rule: Balance of power between societal actors High market-share concentration in important economic branches Few companies with a workers´ council 14 Dr. Volker Stelzer

15 Next Steps within the RHM Project
Finalizing the comprehensive probleme / indicator list Select problems / indicators Finalise szenarios Szenario assessment Development of Strategies Selection of the city for the expansion strategy 15 Dr. Volker Stelzer

16 Thank you for your attention
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