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Perceiving Dialects: A Magnitude Estimation Study L.A. Stowe J. Hoeksema R. Hartsuiker M Devos Collaboration: University of Groningen ond University of.

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Presentation on theme: "Perceiving Dialects: A Magnitude Estimation Study L.A. Stowe J. Hoeksema R. Hartsuiker M Devos Collaboration: University of Groningen ond University of."— Presentation transcript:

1 Perceiving Dialects: A Magnitude Estimation Study L.A. Stowe J. Hoeksema R. Hartsuiker M Devos Collaboration: University of Groningen ond University of Gent

2 Introduction In what ways do language variants differ? Under conditions of contact how are these differences processed? But first…

3 Introduction Perception –Grammaticality judgments (frequently by individuals) Production –Elicitation –Corpus frequency Does perception mirror production?

4 Two variants of Dutch Northern (Netherlands Standard Dutch) Southern (Belgian Standard Dutch) Syntactic differences –Generally more a difference of frequency than of grammaticality

5 Overview Embedded verb cluister “interruption” No agreement marker in definite neuter Verbal particle early in embedded clause Missing infinitive marker NorthSouth RareLess rare *RareFrequent FrequentLess freq *Rare Less rare

6 Subjects Northern 56 students University of Groningen Native Dutch speakers Northern provinces Little southern exposure Southern 56 students University of Gent Native Dutch speakers Little northern exposure

7 Overview Embedded verb cluster “interruption” NorthSouth RareLess rare

8 Verbal Cluster Interruption PP/NP Inflected V Nonfinite Verb Inflected V PP/NP Nonfinite Verb more common in the Southern variant, although still rare “Interrupted” order relatively archaic More common in idiomatic expressions

9 Materials Dat waren kwesties die de heren uit het oog hadden verloren Dat waren kwesties die de heren hadden uit het oog verloren Lit: Those were questions that the gentlemen had out the eye lost (lost track of) Matched sentence sets

10 Procedure Magnitude estimation –To be able to generalize across speaker group –For finer distinctions than grammaticality judgments Item sets distributed across lists so matched without repetition

11 Analysis Judgment converted to Z-scores –For greater comparability across groups Average judgment per condition calculated for each subject and each item Subject and item AnOVas –Language Variant, Cluster Interruption (Idiom)

12 Southern vs. Northern

13 Discussion Increased production frequency within language variant increases acceptability But infrequent forms are still relatively less acceptable Role of idiomaticity?

14 Non-idiomatic Sentences Dat waren brieven die de dames in hun tas hadden gestopt. ?*Dat waren brieven die de dames hadden in hun tas gestopt. Lit: Those were letters that the ladies had in their bags placed.

15 Northern Results

16 Southern Results

17 Discussion confirms role for idiomaticity in perception as well as production Present in both dialects although larger effect in the Southern variant

18 Overview Embedded verb cluster interruption No agreement marker in definite neuter NorthSouth RareLess rare *RareFrequent

19 Noun Agreement: Northern Het oude huis Een oud huis de oude man Een oude man

20 Southern Variant (for some lexical combinations) Het oud huis Een oud huis de oude man Een oude man

21 Noun Agreement Er werden tijdens het belangrijke gesprek een paar afspraken gemaakt. ?Er werden tijdens het belangrijk gesprek een paar afspraken gemaakt. Lit: There were during the important conversation a couple-of agreements made.

22 Potential Issue If we see little difference is this just because it is easy to miss the visual instantiation of agreement in a sentence?

23 Agreement Controls Er werden tijdens de lange vergadering een paar punten besproken. *Er werden tijdens de lang vergadering een paar punten besproken. Lit: There were during the long meeting a couple-of points discussed.

24 Southern Results

25 Northern Results

26 Discussion Perception clearly mirrors production Inflectionless = inflected version for the Southern variant

27 Overview Embedded verb cluster interruption No agreement marker in definite neuter NorthSouth RareLess rare *RareFrequent

28 Discussion Rarity vs. grammaticality? –More acceptable than verb cluster interruption even for Northern variant –Just as rare and possibly more ungrammatical Salience? –Embedded in complex sentence Limits generalization across types of construction

29 Overview Embedded verb cluster “interruption” No agreement marker in definite neuter Verbal particle early in embedded clause NorthSouth RareLess rare *RareFrequent FrequentLess freq

30 Verbal Particle Position Inflected V Particle-Nonfinite Verb Particle Inflected V Nonfinite Verb less common in the Southern variant 1/10

31 Particle Placement De chef vroeg hoe het team de werkzaamheden zou indelen. ?De chef vroeg hoe het team de werkzaamheden in zou delen. Lit: The manager asked how the team the tasks would apportion.

32 Effects of Length De chef vroeg hoe het team de erkzaamheden zou willen indelen ?De chef vroeg hoe het team de werkzaamheden in zou willen delen Lit: The manager asked how the team the tasks would want to apportion.

33 Northern Results

34 Southern Results

35 Discussion Perception mirrors production Additional interaction with length of verb cluster –Difficult to identify in corpora due to frequency differences for the constructions

36 Discussion But big difference in production frequency does not lead to extreme differences in acceptability 1/10 still fairly frequent for frequently occurring construction

37 Overview Embedded verb cluster interruption No agreement marker in definite neuter Verbal particle early in embedded clause Missing infinitive marker NorthSouth RareLess rare *RareFrequent FrequentLess freq *RareLess rare Frequent

38 Lexical Selection: Infinitive V [ to-VP] V [ VP]

39 Lexical Selection: Infinitive Het publiek begon (te) praten. Lit: The audience began (to) talk De baby probeerde (te) lopen. Lit: The baby tried (to) walk.

40 Control Conditions De ongenode gast durfde (te) zitten. Lit: The uninvited guest dared (to) sit. Het was moeilijk om *(te) reizen Lit: It was difficult (to) travel.

41 Results

42 Discussion No evidence for production pattern 8in comprehension Why not? –Lexical vatiation based on verb? –Register (written vs. spoken)? –Normative influences? Confirmation of production easier to interpret than failure to confirm

43 Overview Embedded verb cluister interruption No agreement marker in definite neuter Verbal particle early in embedded clause Missing infinitive marker NorthSouth RareLess rare *RareFrequent FrequentLess freq *RareLess rare Frequent

44 Summary In general: perception mirrors production Frequency certainly plays a role for perception Grammaticality less so, or at least masked by salience

45 Directions for further research More direct on-line measures How do people deal with contact between variants? Effects of perceiving the other variant Role of experience with other variant

46 The End

47 Om

48 Durven

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