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THE PHENIX/RHIC AND TOTEM/LHC EXPERIMENTS Status and Hungarian activities M. Csanád for PHENIX/Hu & TOTEM/Hu +

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Presentation on theme: "THE PHENIX/RHIC AND TOTEM/LHC EXPERIMENTS Status and Hungarian activities M. Csanád for PHENIX/Hu & TOTEM/Hu +"— Presentation transcript:

1 THE PHENIX/RHIC AND TOTEM/LHC EXPERIMENTS Status and Hungarian activities M. Csanád for PHENIX/Hu & TOTEM/Hu +

2 Heavy Ion Physics  Recreate conditions similar to those at the Big Bang  Explore quark matter 2

3 The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider  RHIC: Brookhaven Nat’l Lab: Au+Au, Cu+Cu, d+Au, p+p  4 experimental collab’s: STAR, PHENIX, BRAHMS, PHOBOS  Institutional membership in PHENIX  RMKI, Eötvös University, Debrecen University 3

4 Collision modes, recorded data  Two independent rings  Separate magnetic field  Proton polarization  Many different modes  9.2 GeV/n (Au)  22 GeV/n (Au, Cu, p)  56 GeV/n (Au)  62 GeV/n (Au, Cu, p   130 GeV/n (Au)  200 GeV/n (Au, Cu, p)  410 GeV/n (p)  500 GeV/n (p)  Energy scan program: QCD phase diagram  Science  >1000 refereed papers, >24000 independent citations  Discoveries  The future: e-RHIC & RHIC II  Identified key scientific questions, started upgrades Recorded events in millions 4

5 The RHIC complex 5 1.Tandem 2.a: Tandem to Booster 2.b: Linac 3.Booster 4.Alternating Gradient Synchrotron 5.AGS to RHIC 6.RHIC

6 PHENIX setup  Tracking, calorimetry, identification  Charged hadrons ( π ±, K ±, etc.)  Photons, direct or decay ( → η, π 0 )  Light mesons φ, ω and η  Single leptons → heavy flavor  Di-leptons → heavy flavor, J/ Ψ 6

7 Centrality determination 7  Overlapping region: participants  Evaporated neutrons: toward ZDC (charged wiped out)  Participants: new particles toward BBC  Centrality: E ZDC versus Q BBC Spectators Participants Toward ZDC Toward BBC

8 Collisions of different centrality Peripheral Central 8

9 A PHENIX Event 9

10 The first milestone: nuclear modification Proton+proton Nucleus+nucleus Simply just more? A+A = many p+p? Particle yield in A+A Particle yield in p+p × R AA = Number of p+p collisions 10

11 Suppression of high energy particles  Peripheral Au+Au and d+Au: no suppression  Central Au+Au: large suppression Phys.Rev.C76, (2007) 11

12 Strongly interacting medium  Hadrons suppressed, photons not!  Strong interaction in the medium Central Peripheral Phys.Rev.Lett.94, (2005) 12

13 Perfect fluid of quarks  Elliptic flow measures azimuthal asymmetry, v 2  Hydro picture: collective evolution, v 2 >0  Even heavy flavour flow: perfect hydro confirmed  Scaling of elliptic flow with constituent quark number  Flow versus kinectic energy for several hadrons φ Phys.Rev.Lett.98, (2007) 13

14 Temperature from direct photons  Photons fly out of the medium: penetrating probe  Information on the temperature  T initial at least MeV  Quark-hadron trans. at ~170 MeV Thermalization, expansion, cooling …… Freeze-out Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, (2010) 14

15 The TOTEM experiment at LHC 15  Measure p+p  tot ± 1 mb, luminosity-independently  Elastic scattering at t  GeV 2  Inelastic rates as well  Measure d  tot /dt – 10 1 GeV 2  Measure LHC luminosity precisely  Measure diffractive dissociation  single, double diffraction, multiple Pomeron exchange

16 TOTEM Setup  At the CMS interaction point  Three detectors: Roman Pot, Telescope 1, Telescope 2 16

17 Proton-proton scattering at the LHC  Different proc. in p+p  Elastic, diffractive, inelastic  Trigger: large rapidity 17

18 Roman Pot detectors of TOTEM  Special „edgeless” design to move close to beam  Distance ~ 10   Reconstruct from there 18

19 Differential cross-section at  * =3.5 m  Measured over a large |t| range, will be extended  Dip-hump structure first seen at ISR, also present here  Compared to models  Exponent: 7.8 ± 0.3  Slope: 23.5 ± 0.5 GeV ˗ 2  Dip: 0.53 ± 0.5 GeV 2 EPL, 95 (2011)

20 Total cross-section results at  * = 90 m  Special LHC optics, agreement w/ previous measurement  Result from t=0 extrapolation:  tot = (98.3 ±0.2 stat +2.8  2.7) mb  inel = (73.5 ±0.6 stat +1.8  1.3) mb  el = (24.8 ±0.2 stat ±1.2) mb CERN-PH-EP

21 THANK YOU for your attention + 21

22 The PHENIX/Hu group 22  >20 PHENIX talks  >50 internal working group talks  ~15 analysis notes  11 papers with direct participation (paper group)  

23 The TOTEM/Hu group 23  Tasks during setup: DAQ, data monitoring, Roman Pot  Phyics projects on the way, e.g. d  el /dt  Working closely to theory groups

24 24

25 25

26 Elastic scattering slope at low t  Theoretical predictions differ in many aspects 26

27 Single diffraction low  =  p/p

28 Single diffraction large 

29 Double POMERON exchange

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