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Family formation and social mobility Life courses in Amsterdam 1850-1940.

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Presentation on theme: "Family formation and social mobility Life courses in Amsterdam 1850-1940."— Presentation transcript:

1 Family formation and social mobility Life courses in Amsterdam

2 Sources Census: general figures Historische steekproef Nederland/Historical Sample of Netherlands –Birth certificates: –Population register: family composition and characteristics –Marriage certificates –Death certificates More: dossiers of the social security, tax registers

3 Life courses Choices in life Transitions: movements, marriage, leaving home, choice of profession Transitions have a timing Relate transitions to family characteristics and position of individual in family.

4 Research questions What explains changes in life courses and social mobility? Focus on family circumstances and individual transitions Possible relations: –Does family size influence chances of social mobility? –Does age of marriage influence chances social mobility? –Decline in death rate in family? birth control

5 Demographic transition Background –Declining death rates –Conscious birth control –Lowering of age of marriage –Increase in number of people married

6 Causes and consequences Better life conditions (hygiene, water supply, medicine|) Higher wages New economic opportunities Women withdraw from labour market, spent more time on the family Children as investment goods: education makes sense

7 GIS Changes of address: spatial mobility in time New families: spread or concentration? Characterize quarters in the town: social categories, population, births, deaths, migrants New quarters vs old quarters Location of work and family

8 Population Amsterdam JaarAantalToename (1830=100) , , , , , , , , , , , ,85

9 Vital statistics

10 Marriage Fertility JarenAantal kinderen op 1000 gehuwde vrouwen (15-49j.) 1849— — — — — — en


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