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How to combine display of historical plants with conservation and use of genetic resources Åsmund Asdal Norwegian Genetic Resources Centre www.genressurser.no.

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Presentation on theme: "How to combine display of historical plants with conservation and use of genetic resources Åsmund Asdal Norwegian Genetic Resources Centre www.genressurser.no."— Presentation transcript:

1 How to combine display of historical plants with conservation and use of genetic resources Åsmund Asdal Norwegian Genetic Resources Centre

2 Field collections of plant varieties in Norway •Decentralized conservation system: •Cooperation with 22 institutions; open air museums, botanical gardens, schools, R&D institutions etc. •Coordinated by Norwgian Genetic Resource Institute •Written agreements with the host institutions •Combination of national mandate varieties and local cultural heritage varieties •Web information about conservation sites, plants and varieties conserved and availability

3 22 host institutions involved in conservation –Fruit varieties: 13 sites –Vegetables and herbs: 3 sites –Roses: 3 sites –Perennials: 8 sites –Berries: 2 sites (not settled/finalized) –Potatoes (tissue culture): under establishment –In door plants. 1 site

4 Agreements with host institutions •Long term conservation of varieties •Labeling, documentation and information •Availability and distribution of material •In accordance with –ITPGRFA / use of Hobby MTA –The Norwegian Biodiversity Act •Yearly reports about changes in collections, use of material and public relation activities •Maintaining Thematic networks •Some economic compensation from NGRC •Options for project funding

5 Hardanger folkemuseum, UtneFruit varieties Domkirkeodden, HamarFruit varieties Nordfjord FolkemuseumFruit varieties Karnilstunet, SandaneFruit varieties Vigatunet, Hjelmeland, RogalandFruit varieties Lier BygdetunFruit varieties, perennials and roses Hvaler FruktprosjektFruit varieties Lund Bygdemuseum, MoiFruit varieties Grønt kompetansesenter, UlvikFruit varieties Inst. for Plante- og miljøvitenskap, UMB, ÅsFruit varieties, roses, rhubarbs Norsk fruktmuseum, SognFruit varieties Bioforsk Vest Ullensvang, HardangerCherries Bioforsk Landvik, GrimstadVegetables, berries Bioforsk Apelsvoll, TotenHerbs, MAPs Botanisk hage/arboret, Milde, BergenPerennials, roses and in door plants Botaniske hage, Tøyen, OsloPerennials and roses Agder naturmuseum/Bot. Hage, KristiansandPerennials and roses Botanisk hage UiTø, TromsøPerennials etc. Botanisk hage, Ringve, TrondheimPerennials Norsk Hagebruksmuseum, GrimstadFruit, perennials, rhubarbs Lofothager, 6 sites in LofotenPerennials etc. Gamle Hvam MuseumPerennials etc.

6 Experiences: Advantages •Synergies regarding costs and resources •Display of plant diversity many places •Big numbers of visitors •A significant network of dedicated and skilled persons and institutions •Inspire other cultural/historical institutions to use authentic plants •Increased capasities and stand by functions •Easy project cooperation; investigations, R&D, PR-activities etc. •Some security / vulnerability advantages

7 Experiences: Disadvantages •Complicated administration of several partners and collection sites •Impossible to keep the same standards in all collections (maintenance, records etc.) •Differences in capasity; competence, availability and prepardness •Complex recording of the state of conserved plants •Varying / slow execution of material orders •A degree of voluntariness / challenging recruiting af dedicated persons •Some security / vulnerability disadvantages

8 PLANTEARVEN (The Plant Heritage) - collections – show windows for genetic resources and diversity

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10 13 conservation sites for fruit varieties

11 PLANTEARVEN at ”Flaskeepleplassen på Gryvlehaugen”

12 Case: PLANTEARVEN at Portåsen - the birth place of the poet Herman Wildenvey - authentic plants completing the museum/cultural centre - fruit trees, perennials, old meadow and vegetable & herb garden

13 Security measurements •Duplication of valuable plants •Mandate varieties; at least two plants in two different localities •Records of sampling sites •Promoting use / records of users •Plant clubs / members as ”foster gardens” •Seeds to gene bank •Plant disease control

14 Documentation systems •Quite primitive; mainly excel sheets and lists •Fruit mandate varieties displayed at Finn fruktsorter: •Will be extended to potato varieties in 2012 •”Plant portraits” at and •Food crops in Norwegian SESTO in 2012 and transferred to EURISCO •Ornamental plants; databases at host institustion and lists on

15 Promoting the use of PGR - an important part of the conservation efforts •Documentation of plant material •Easy access and availability •Marketing The Plant Heritage / generating demand for plants •Well functionning systems for distribution •Cooperation projects

16 PLANTEARVEN : 1.PLANTEARVEN – Our national Plant Genetic Resources 2.Website: 3.Registered trade mark® available 4.Tool for marketing and information 5.Information about –Registered PLANTEARVEN-plants –History and properties / images –Producers and availability

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21 Use of old varieties – the ultimate goal

22 The PLANTEARVEN – prize

23 The ideal system for conservation - regardless of costs A combination of a centralized and desentralized system •One or a few centralized collections: –High quality maintenance of plants, regarding plant health, documentation and distribution of material •Many local collections: –Back-ups for the centralised collections and public relation functions; display of plants for numbers of public visitors and base for maintaining networks

24 Thanks for your attention


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