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Introduction to nuclear and particle physics Gerd Petzoldt (tutorials) Oliver Zimmer (lecture)

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1 Introduction to nuclear and particle physics Gerd Petzoldt (tutorials) Oliver Zimmer (lecture)

2 Schedule WS 2004/05 1.Introduction – an appetizer I.Physics of the atomic nucleus 2.A first view on nuclear properties 3.Particle accelerators 4.Scattering processes 5.Geometrical shape of the nucleus 6.Nuclear decays 7.Models of the nucleus 8.Nuclear magnetic resonance 9.Nuclear reactions 10.Nucleosynthesis 11.Nuclear forces II.Particle physics

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4 Systems, sizes::Energy-spectra Povh et al., Particles & nuclei

5 Fundamental interactions

6 Some useful books Povh, Rith, Scholz, Zetsche: Particles and nuclei (Springer 1999) Frauenfelder, Henley: Subatomic physics (Prentice Hall 1999) Segre: Nuclei and particles (Benjamin 1965) Perkins: Introduction to high energy physics (Addison Wesley 1986) Krane: Introductory nuclear physics (Wiley & Sons 1987) Halzen, Martin: Quarks and leptons (Wiley & Sons 1984) Kane: Modern elementary particle physics (Addison Wesley 1987)

7 The nuclear chart

8 500 MeV electrons: 10 meV neutrons: Atomic nuclei Macromolecules (a few m) (a few m) ILL annual report 1996 (soft matter)

9 Exciting the proton: Inelastic electron-proton scattering Povh et al., Particles & nuclei

10 Spectra of positronium and charmonium (Povh et al., Particles & nuclei)

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12 3 He magnetic resonance imaging of the lung Non-smoker Light smoker Mainz University and University hospital Mainz, Applications

13 Instrumental developments

14 Questions, you should (hopefully will) be able to answer after this lecture: From where do we know about the age of the universe? How are the chemical elements created? Why does the sun shine, and why so long? Why are free neutrons unstable but many atomic nuclei stable? What are fundamental particles and forces? How does application of magnetic fields provide us with pictures from inside our bodies?

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17 1. Introduction – an appetizer i. Hierarchical order of matter ii. Fundamental particles and forces iii. Composite systems iv. Understanding our Universe v. Applications of subatomic physics

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