Du, Ihr, and Sie: How do you know which one to use? Deutsch I Frau Spampinato
Du: you, singular & informal Du is used for when you are talking to only one person face to face Use du only when you are talking to friends, family, and pets, people you know well Do not use du and the du-verb form with adults, strangers, and people in positions of authority like policemen, teachers, store clerks, etc.
Sie: You, formal (sing. and plural) Sie means you when it is capitalized you use this when you are talking to adults, strangers, and people in positions of authority like policemen, teachers, store clerks, etc. You can use Sie and the Sie-verb form with one adult or more (both sing. and plural) When in doubt, use Sienever du
Ihr: you (all) yall plural form of you Standard English does not differentiate between the singular and plural forms of you z.B. You do your homework. This is why there are so many different, regional ways to compensate for this lack of clarity. People will say yall or yous(e) or yous guys or allyall or …?? what else? (are you talking to one person or 2? the whole class?...no clue unless you point or use body language.)
Examples of when to use each pronoun: Hallo! Wie heißt du? Ich heiße Martina, und du? 2 friends, teens the same age
Guten Morgen! Wie heißen Sie? Guten Morgen! Ich heiße Frau Martins. Und du? Wie heißt du?
Hallo, wie heißt ihr? Wir heißen Johann und Dirk.
What would you say to these people? 1.your mom 2.your math teacher 3.your friends aunt 4.a cashier at the store 5.your cousins 6.the principal of the school 7.Frau Spampinato 8.your grandma du Sie ihr Sie du