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John Morris 1©2011 Springfield Arsenal LLC. Agenda: Description/photos of the barrel Questions/Methods Provenance-famous, colorful original owner Maker.

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Presentation on theme: "John Morris 1©2011 Springfield Arsenal LLC. Agenda: Description/photos of the barrel Questions/Methods Provenance-famous, colorful original owner Maker."— Presentation transcript:

1 John Morris 1©2011 Springfield Arsenal LLC

2 Agenda: Description/photos of the barrel Questions/Methods Provenance-famous, colorful original owner Maker Photos of similar hackbuts Stock/Lock 2©2011 Springfield Arsenal LLC

3 Description of the Hackbut Cast bronze, Iron chaplets visible in breech Length in., weight 36 lbs, bore 0.8 in. Hook to take up recoil against solid object Front and rear sights One bronze and one partial iron loop underneath 3©2011 Springfield Arsenal LLC

4 Description (contd) Unknown early coat of arms cast into breech Highly decorated; crosses, flames, trefoils, etc. Flash pan on side drilled for cover (missing) Nothing remains of original wooden stock 4©2011 Springfield Arsenal LLC

5 Decoration 5©2011 Springfield Arsenal LLC

6 Details 6©2011 Springfield Arsenal LLC

7 7

8 Recent Provenance History prior to 1960s is unknown; appears excavated 1960s-1990s: W. Keith Neale, Hampton P. Howell Jr. John Morris acquired in 1990s 8©2011 Springfield Arsenal LLC

9 Questions to be answered: Who made it and when? Who first owned it? Where might it have been used? What did the stock look like? Did it have a lock? If so, what kind? What do the decorations symbolize? 9©2011 Springfield Arsenal LLC

10 Research Avenues Tried Questions posted on collector websites Numerous web searches Gun Show displays s to various experts Visits with experts at Library of Congress Searches of armorials at Library of Congress 10©2011 Springfield Arsenal LLC

11 Coat of Arms Cast Into Gun COA is that of Schellenberg family of nobles The peculiar coffee cup shape of shield used on COAs only ca. from Ulrich von Schellenberg lived ©2011 Springfield Arsenal LLC

12 Gun was made for Nobleman Ulrich von Schellenberg Ulrich von Schellenberg earned law degree in Italy Decided on the profession of arms about 1510 Employed by Holy Roman Emperors Maximilian I and successor Charles V Commanded up to 14,000 Swiss mercenaries Known as fierce fighter and charismatic leader in many battles in Italy ca ©2011 Springfield Arsenal LLC

13 Ulrich von Schellenberg ( ) 13©2011 Springfield Arsenal LLC

14 Ulrich von Schellenberg (contd) Colonel in Army of Holy Roman Empire (H.R.E.) Knighted by both Maximilian I and Charles V Served as secret council to two emperors of H.R.E Wounded 36 times in one battle, but survived Used sheets to hide breech in fortress wall Returned to hometown in Bavaria in 1529 Appointed as bailiff of the town of Feldkirch 14©2011 Springfield Arsenal LLC

15 Ulrich von Schellenberg ( ) 15©2011 Springfield Arsenal LLC

16 Ulrich von Schellenbergs Katzbalger, ©2011 Springfield Arsenal LLC

17 17 Decorations: Symbolic of what? Cross of four fusils* *Cram, Webber, CHURCH SYMBOLISM, Kessinger Publishing, 2003

18 Who cast this gun? Peter II Mulich of Nuremburg and Zwickau? Rings of undulating flames decoration connects the hackbut to several large bronze cannons cast by Mulich ca Hackbut is unsigned but all Mulich cannons were signed and dated Mulich trained under uncle Peter Vischer; appointed as gunfounder to the Elector Frederick in 1523; was recorded as casting guns in 1523, 1525,1528, 1533; some of his guns shown in the Geschutzbuch of Charles V; retired 1557* *Kennard, A.N., GUNFOUNDING AND GUNFOUNDERS, Arms and Armour Press, LTD, London, ©2011 Springfield Arsenal LLC

19 Similar rings of undulating flames on Charles V cannon named Lion by Peter II Mulich, Nuremberg, 1523* *Essenwein, A., QUELLEN ZUR GESCHICHTE DER FEUERWAFFEN, Adademische Druck u.v. Graz

20 Charles V cannons dated 1523, 1529 with rings of undulating flames and rings of crosses* 20 *Essenwein, A., QUELLEN ZUR GESCHICHTE DER FEUERWAFFEN, Adademische Druck u.v. Graz 1969

21 21

22 Emperor Maximilian I (reigned ) 22

23 Maximilian arsenal inventories, early 16th century 23©2011 Springfield Arsenal LLC From Zeugbuch of Maximilian 1 Bronze-barreled Hackbuts

24 Maximilian arsenal inventories, early 16th century 24©2011 Springfield Arsenal LLC Iron-barreled hackbuts From Zeugbuch of Maximilian 1

25 Emperor Charles V 25

26 Example in German Museum, dated , very similar to Schellenberg hackbut-note rear peep sight, front blade sight, gradual muzzle flare, flashpan, hook* 26 *Essenwein, A., QUELLEN ZUR GESCHICHTE DER FEUERWAFFEN, Adademische Druck u.v. Graz 1969

27 Details of flash pan and lock 27 *Essenwein, A., QUELLEN ZUR GESCHICHTE DER FEUERWAFFEN, Adademische Druck u.v. Graz 1969

28 Similar piece in the German National Museum 28 ©2011 Springfield Arsenal LLC Used with permission

29 An original snapping tinder lock 29 ©2011 Springfield Arsenal LLC Used with permission

30 Reverse 30 ©2011 Springfield Arsenal LLC Used with permission

31 Snapping tinder lock on a gonne 31 ©2011 Springfield Arsenal LLC Used with permission

32 Stock attachment details (privately owned weapon) 32 ©2011 Springfield Arsenal LLC Used with permission

33 33 Siege of fortified town. Schilling, Diebold. Burgerbibliothek Bern, Mss h.h.l.1, pp. 739

34 34©2011 Springfield Arsenal LLC

35 Ulrich von Schellenbergs life and battles A= home, Feldkirch Famous Battles : Novara 1513 Vicenze 1513 Bicocca 1522 Pavia 1525 Vienna

36 Battle of Pavia,

37 Other Hackbuts, for comparison 37©2011 Springfield Arsenal LLC

38 Hackbuts in German Nat. Museum, Nuremburg* 38 *Essenwein, A., QUELLEN ZUR GESCHICHTE DER FEUERWAFFEN, Adademische Druck u.v. Graz 1969

39 Example of early iron handcannon/hackbut in U.S. National Firearms Museum 39

40 Other examples of hackbut… 40©2011 Springfield Arsenal LLC

41 Wed like to know the meaning of the initials J U R or J V R 41©2011 Springfield Arsenal LLC

42 The End! 42©2011 Springfield Arsenal LLC

43 Supplemental Slides 43©2011 Springfield Arsenal LLC

44 Pavia Campaign,

45 Battle of Pavia,

46 Battle of Pavia,

47 Detailed views of a complete, privately- owned hackbut 47 ©2011 Springfield Arsenal LLC Used with permission

48 48 ©2011 Springfield Arsenal LLC Used with permission Details (contd)

49 49 ©2011 Springfield Arsenal LLC Used with permission

50 50

51 51

52 52©2011 Springfield Arsenal LLC

53 53©2011 Springfield Arsenal LLC


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