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ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION AND POLLUTION Rosa Vivien Ratnawati MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA.

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Presentation on theme: "ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION AND POLLUTION Rosa Vivien Ratnawati MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA."— Presentation transcript:

1 ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION AND POLLUTION Rosa Vivien Ratnawati MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA

2 CHANGING OF LIFE STYLE

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4 DEGRADATION TIME Papers 3 to 6 months CLOTH, FABRIC 6 Months to 1 Year Cigarette 5 years Bubble Gum Painted wood 5 Years Nylon More than 600 years Plastic More than 100 years BIER Metal More than 100 years Rubber tire unpredictable Glass 1 million years 15 years

5 AIR POLLUTION FROM VEHICLES

6 AIR POLLUTION FROM INDUSTRIES

7 FOREST FIRE FOREST FIRE

8 Source:http://dumainews.blogspot. com URBAN AIR QUALITY MONITORING Air Pollution

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10 RIVER WATER QUALITY IN INDONESIA (BASED ON : CLASS II,WATER QUALITY STANDART, GOVERNMENT REGULATION NO. 82 YEAR 2001)  River in Sumatera has increased the percentage of compliance with class II water river quality standart from  River in Java has decreased the percentage of compliance with class II water river standart  River in Kalimantan has decreased the percentage of compliance with class II water river standart from year to year since – 80 % Source Pollution from Household activities

11 RATE OF FORREST DEGRADATION ON YEAR = 4500 X SOCCER FIELD SIZE / DAY 2007 = 113,7 million ha 2011 = 117,3 million ha

12 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT ACT 1997 ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AND MANAGEMENT ACT 2009 DEFINITION ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION; A PROCESS WHEREIN CREATURE, SUBSTANCES, ENERGY AND/OR OTHER COMPONENTS COME INTO OR ARE INCLUDED INTO THE ENVIRONMENT BY HUMAN ACTIVITY THUS THE QUALITY DECREASED TO A CERTAIN LEVEL THAT CAUSES THE ENVIRONMENT CAN NOT BE FUNCTIONED IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE DESIGNATION ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION; A PROCESS WHEREIN CREATURE, SUBSTANCES, ENERGY AND/OR OTHER COMPONENTS COME INTO OR ARE INCLUDED INTO THE ENVIRONMENT BY HUMAN ACTIVITY THUS EXCEEDING THE ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY STANDARD

13 ENV. STANDARD QUALITY CRITERIA OF DAMAGE QUALITY Measure through water; Waste water; sea; Ambient of air; emission; disturbance; Other standard quality accord. With the technology development water; Waste water; sea; Ambient of air; emission; disturbance; Other standard quality accord. With the technology development ECOSYSTEM CLIMATE CHANGE •Land for biomass •coral •Mangrove •seagrass •peatland •Karst •Forest fire •Other ecosystem quality according With the technology development •Land for biomass •coral •Mangrove •seagrass •peatland •Karst •Forest fire •Other ecosystem quality according With the technology development ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION / DAMAGE

14 BUSINESS EIA / mini EIA EIA decision Recommendation Env. license Business license requirements Decision of the State Administration announcement Legal defects, errors abuse, impropriety, falsification of data, documents / information Publication does not qualify in the commission's decision Does not fulfil his duties in the EIA / UKL-UPL null Strategic Env Assessment EnvManagementPlan Env. Permit revoked  business license revoked Env. Permit changed  business license revised Environmental Compliance Ministry of Environment LICENSED COMMISSION DEVELOPMENT PLANNING TOOL

15 PreventionandCorrectivePerformance Deterrent effects CompensationsandEnvironmentalRecovery ADMINISTRATIVE (article 76 sd 83) CRIMINAL (article 93 sd 120) CIVIL (article 83 sd 93) FUNCTIONFUNCTIONFUNCTION Environmental Compliance Ministry of Environment

16 CRIMINAL PROVISIONS (Articles ) No.Types of violationsMinimumMaximum 1Deliberately exceed ambient air quality standards, water, sea water or standard criteria of environmental damage 3 years in prison and a fine of Rp. 3 billion 10 years in prison and a fine of Rp. 10 billion 2 Negligence resulting exceed ambient air quality standards, water, seawater or environmental damage criteria 1 year in prison and a fine of Rp. 1 billion 3Exceed wastewater quality standards, emission standards or interference 3 years in prison and a fine of Rp. 3 billion 4Removing or distribute genetically engineered products into the environment as opposed to legislation 1 year in prison and a fine of Rp. 1 billion 5 Conducting hazardous waste management without a permit or producing hazardous waste without proper management 1 year in prison and a fine of Rp. 1 billion 3 years in prison and a fine of Rp. 3 billion 6Dumping of waste and / or materials into the environment without legal permission 3 years in prison and a fine of Rp. 3 billion

17 CRIMINAL PROVISIONS No.Types of violationsMinimumMaximum 7Entering hazardous waste to Indonesia or enter hazardous waste that is prohibited by the law to Indonesia 5 years in prison and a fine of Rp. 5 billions 15 years in prison and a fine of Rp. 15 billion 8Burning of land that is not in accordance with the provisions of laws and regulations 3 years in prison and a fine of Rp. 3 billions 10 years in prison and a fine of Rp. 10 billions 9Conducting business / activity without an environmental permit 1 year in prison and a fine of Rp. 1 billions 3 years in prison and a fine of Rp. 3 billions 10Preparing EIA without a certificate of competence for EIA authors 3 years in prison and a fine of Rp. 3 billions 11Officials deliver environmental permits without EIA / UKL-UPL or deliver business licensing without proper environmental permits 3 years in prison and a fine of Rp. 3 billions 12 Officials intentionally not doing the environmental monitoring that cause environmental damage resulting in loss of human lives 1 year in prison and a fine of Rp. 500 millions

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19 THANK YOU


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