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CAP in BMKG Planning and its Implementation By Karyono and Zainal Abidin.

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Presentation on theme: "CAP in BMKG Planning and its Implementation By Karyono and Zainal Abidin."— Presentation transcript:

1 CAP in BMKG Planning and its Implementation By Karyono and Zainal Abidin

2 OUTLINE •INTRODUCTION •BMKG DUTIES AND FUNCTIONS •CAP IMPLEMENTATION PLANNING IN GEOPHYSIC •CAP IMPELENTATION PLANNING IN METEOROLOGY

3 INTRODUCTION •BMKG (Meteorological climatological and geophysical agency) •The one official institution for Meteorological Climatological and Geophysical in Indonesia since 1947 •Joint to WMO at 1950 •With 3000 employee 3

4 BMKG DUTIES AND FUNCTIONS •The implementation, monitoring and control of observations, and processing of data and information in the area of meteorology, climatology, and geophysics • Data and information services in the area of meteorology, climatology, and geophysics 4

5 BMKG DUTIES AND FUNCTIONS CONT. •The transmission of information to agencies and stakeholders and the public about climate change • The transmission of information and early warnings to the government and the public about natural disasters caused by meteorological, climatological, and geophysical factors • The promotion of international cooperation in the areas of meteorology climatology and geophysics 5

6 CAP IMPLEMENTATION PLANNING IN GEOPHYSIC •InaTEWS (INDONESIA TSUNAMI EARLY WARNING SYSTEM •CAP IMPLEMENTATION AND PLANNING FOR INATEWS 6

7 InaTEWS INDONESIA TSUNAMI EARLY WARNING SYSTEM 7

8 InaTEWS INTRODUCTION •Indonesia is prone to earthquakes because it is located at the meeting point of three tectonic plates, namely: Indo-Australian Plate, the Eurasian plate and the Pacific plate. •The meeting point of three tectonic plates are located on the sea so that when a large earthquake occurs at shallow depths, it can be potentially tsunami. Therefore, Indonesia is prone to tsunamis

9 •Learning from the experience of the earthquake and tsunami in Aceh, Mentawai and other areas that cause casualties and property losses, therefore it is needed preparedness efforts by both government and the community to reduce the risk due to earthquake and tsunami. •As the tsunami hazard preparedness efforts, the government of Indonesia in cooperation with various parties established the Indonesian Tsunami Early Warning System InaTEWS INTRODUCTION cont.

10 SEISMICITY OF INDONESIA INDO AUSTRALIAN PLATE PACIFIC PLATE. EURASIAN PLATE

11 11 TSUNAMI PRONE AREAS IN INDONESIA

12 •InaTEWS stand for Indonesia Tsunami Early Warning System •Formally launched at November, 11 th 2008 •InaTEWS produces Earthquake Informations and Tsunami Warnings •InaTEWS should disseminate Tsunami Warning within 5 minutes after earthquake InaTEWS INTRODUCTION cont.

13 BPPT NC–Buoys BPPT NC–Buoys BAKOSURTANAL NC – Tide Gauges NC – GPS BAKOSURTANAL NC – Tide Gauges NC – GPS BMKG NC – SEISMIC NC – ACCELERO BMKG NC – SEISMIC NC – ACCELERO DSS NC – InaTEWS (BMKG) Dissemination System DSS NC – InaTEWS (BMKG) Dissemination System Tsunami Data Base GSM PROVIDER INTERNET PROVIDER INSTITUTIONS INTERFACE : • BNPB • MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS • NATIONAL POLICE • MILITARY •MINISTRY OF COMMUNICATION AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY • LOCAL GOVERNMENT • REGENCY LOCAL GOVERNMENT INSTITUTIONS INTERFACE : • BNPB • MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS • NATIONAL POLICE • MILITARY •MINISTRY OF COMMUNICATION AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY • LOCAL GOVERNMENT • REGENCY LOCAL GOVERNMENT ELECTRONIC MEDIA LOC.GOV USER CELLPHONE DISSEMINATION FACILITIES DISSEMINATION FACILITIES COMM: IMARSAT VSATVSAT GSM (?) VSAT VSAT (?) BUOY SEISMO ACCELERO TIDE GAUGES GPS NC: National Centre SOCIAL COMMUNITY NETWORK TV, RADIO, MEDIA ON LINE PROV. GOV DISTRIC GOV CITY GOV PROV. GOV DISTRIC GOV CITY GOV Sirens 13

14 Earthquake informations: •Magnitude •Date •Origin Time •Latitude •longitude •Depth •Location •Remark •Shake map •Source mechanism INATEWS PRODUCTS

15 Tsunami Warning: •Warning segment (district level) •Warning status (threat Level) •Estimation Wave Height (from modeling) •Estimation Time of Arrival (from modeling) •Observation Data •End of Threats INATEWS PRODUCTS

16 16

17 •The Warning should be received by end user •Use more than one communications system •Use more than one “path” communications •Regular test of the communications system •Facilities should be designed for multi purposes 17 DISSEMINATION REQUIRENMENTS

18 •SMS (thousands users) •Internet ( , website, social network) •Satellite Broadcast (DVB) •VSAT IP •Facsimile (hundreds) •Television, Radio and media on line (16 stastions) •Sirens •Warning Receiver System (WRS) (209 client) •CAP: Google public alert, national agency for disaster management, etc 18

19 Warning Tsunami in BENGKULU,LAMPUNG,NAD,SUMBAR,SUMUT, EQ Mag:8.8, 11-Apr-12 10:43:06 UTC, Loc:0.78N,92.15E,Dep:10Km::BMKG Warning 1 Updating Warning Tsunami in NAD,SUMUT,SUMBAR,BENGKULU,LAMPUNG, EQ Mag:8.1, 11-Apr-12 10:43:11 UTC, Loc:0.82N,92.42E,Dep:24Km::BMKG Warning 2

20 ::::BMKG:::::::::::::BMKG::::::::::::::::BMKG:::::::::::::::BMKG::::::::::::::::BMKG:::: Indonesian Tsunami Early Warning System (InaTEWS) METEOROLOGICAL CLIMATOLOGICAL AND GEOPHYSICAL AGENCY Address:Jl. Angkasa I no.2 Kemayoran, Jakarta, Indonesia, Telp.: (+62-21) / , Fax: (+62-21) / P.O. Box 3540 Jkt, Website : ======================================================================================== Issued date : 11 April 2012, 17:47:57 WIB (UTC=WIB-7) Bulletin-1 No.:110/warning/InaTEWS/IV/2012 AN EARTHQUAKE HAS OCCURRED WITH THESE PRELIMINARY PARAMETERS: Magnitude : 8.8 RS Date : 11-Apr-2012 Origin Time: 10:43:06 UTC Latitude : 0.78 N Longitude : E Depth : 10 Km Location : Off West Coast of Northern Sumatra Remarks : 577 km SOUTHWEST of Meulaboh 633 km SOUTHWEST of Banda Aceh 660 km SOUTHWEST of Sigli 665 km SOUTHWEST of Sabang 702 km SOUTHWEST of Bireun EXAMPLE MESSAGES OF , FAX AND GTS HEADER CONTENT

21 Evaluation: THERE IS THE POSSIBILITY OF A TSUNAMI IN THE FOLLOWING AREAS: Province Location Warning Level BENGKULU Bengkulu-Utara Pulau Enggano MAJOR WARNING LAMPUNG Lampung-Barat Pesisir-Selatan MAJOR WARNING LAMPUNG Lampung-Barat Pesisir-Tengah MAJOR WARNING NAD Aceh-Barat MAJOR WARNING NAD Aceh-Barat-Daya MAJOR WARNING SUMBAR Kepulauan-Mentawai Kep. Pagai MAJOR WARNING SUMBAR Kepulauan-Mentawai P. Siberut MAJOR WARNING SUMUT Mandailing-Natal Bagian Utara MAJOR WARNING SUMUT Nias Bagian Barat MAJOR WARNING BANTEN Lebak WARNING BANTEN Pandeglang Bagian Selatan WARNING BANTEN Pandeglang Pulau Panaitan WARNING BENGKULU Bengkulu-Selatan WARNING BENGKULU Bengkulu-Utara Bagian Selatan WARNING JABAR Sukabumi Pelabuhan-Ratu WARNING JABAR Sukabumi Ujung-Genteng WARNING LAMPUNG Lampung-Selatan Bagian Barat WARNING LAMPUNG Tanggamus Bagian Barat WARNING NAD Aceh-Singkil WARNING NAD Aceh-Timur WARNING NAD Aceh-Utara Bagian Barat WARNING NAD Pidie WARNING LAMPUNG Lampung-Selatan Kep. Krakatau ADVISORY LAMPUNG Lampung-Selatan Kep. Sebuku ADVISORY Advice: Province/District/City governments that are at "Major Warning" level are expected to pay attention to this warning and immediately guide their communities for full evacuation. Province/District/City governments that are at "Warning" level are expected to pay attention to this warning and immediately guide their communities for evacuation. Province/District/City governments that are at "Advisory" level are expected to pay attention to this warning and immediately guide their communities to move away from the beach and river banks. ::::BMKG:::::::::::::BMKG::::::::::::::::BMKG:::::::::::::::BMKG::::::::::::::::BMKG:::: Warning REMARK

22 Warning 2 Warning 1

23 CAP IMPLEMENTATION AND PLANNING FOR INATEWS •EARTHQUAKE CAP real time earthquake cap contain: eq ot, lat,lon, mag, depth, intensity map, pga,pgv, area •TSUNAMI CAP real time tsunami cap: eq param, warning area, geo code, eta, ewh 23

24 InaTEWS EARTHQUAKE CAP •Status :ready to use •CAP url : 0event.xml 0event.xml •Example attached (APENDIX_example_InaTEWS_cap_earth quake.xml)APENDIX_example_InaTEWS_cap_earth quake.xml 24

25 Earthquake Cap Design •Cap inside atom feed •Consist last 40 earthquake events •CAP tag: identifier,sender,sent,status,msgType,sco pe,incident,info •Tag info:language, category,event,urgency,severity,certainty, onset,expires, headline, description, 25

26 Earthquake Cap Design cont. •Instruction, web, contact •Parameter: Eventid,magnitude,depth, •Resource: warning segment map,shakemap, peak ground acceleration, peak ground velocity, •Area :five closest area from hypocenter 26

27 Print screen Cap validator 27

28 InaTEWS TSUNAMI CAP •Status on going development •Example attached (APENDIX_example_InaTEWS_cap_tsun ami.xml )APENDIX_example_InaTEWS_cap_tsun ami.xml 28

29 CAP IMPELENTATION PLANNING IN METEOROLOGY •Indonesia Meteorology Early Warning System •Possible Weather Products for CAP Implementation 29

30 Indonesia Meteorology Early Warning System EXISTING EQUIPMENTS & COMMUNICATIONS AWS MANUAL OBS. RADAR SATELLITE RADAR SERVER CMSS AWS / ARG SERVER SATELLITE SERVER NEW EQUIPMENTS & COMMUNICATIONS AWS MESONET AWS MANUAL OBS. Lightning Detector AWOS VOS MESSAGE SWITCHING SYSTEM MESSAGE SWITCHING SYSTEM COLLECTION SYSTEM HPC NWP MODEL : - Atmospheric Model - Climate Model - Sea state Model - Environmental Model NWP MODEL : - Atmospheric Model - Climate Model - Sea state Model - Environmental Model CONVERTER FORECASTING & DISSEMINATION FORECASTING & DISSEMINATION DATABASE UPPER AIR OBS. ARG UPPER AIR OBS. WIND PROFILER USERS VOS

31 Possible Weather Products for CAP Implementation •Daily forecast and warning (based on districts in 33 Provinces) •Extreme weather warning •Tropical Cyclone warning •Weekly weather outlook •Wave forecast and high seas warning (based on waters region) •Forest Fire Warning

32 Suggestions In order to get easier for CAP implementation: •Request/encourage WMO to provide CAP standard templates, as a guide for members countries for implementing the CAP •Request to WMO to provide the CAP data exchange mechanism among WMO and members countries

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