Saint Lucia •Saint of Light •A young girl killed in Roman times for her Christian beliefs
St. Lucia’s Day •December 13 th –One of the darkest days of the year •Begins the Christmas Season •Girls wear white gowns with red sashes •Boys wear white with pointed caps •All carry candles •One girl per family is chosen to be St. Lucia and carries a tray of buns and coffee to the parents in bed. Instead of carrying a candle, she wears a wreath in her hair with candles in it.
Saint Lucia’s Day Song •Song for Santa Lucia English Version The night goes with weighty step round yard and round earth. The sun's departure leaves the woods brooding. There in our dark house, appears with lighted candles Saint Lucia, Saint Lucia. •The night goes great and mute. Now one hears its wings in every silent room murmuring as if from wings. Look at our threshold. There she stands white-clad with lights in her hair Saint Lucia, Saint Lucia •The darkness shall soon depart from the earth's valleys thus she speaks a wonderful word to us. The day shall rise anew from the rosy sky. Saint Lucia, Saint Lucia. •Song for Santa Lucia Swedish Version Natten går tunga fjät rund gård och stuva; kring jord, som sol förlät, skuggoma ruva. Då i vårt mörka hus, stiger med tända Uus, Sankta Lucia, Sankta Lucia. •Natten går stor och stum nu hörs dess vingar i alla tysta rum sus som av vingar. Se, på vår tröskel står vitklädd med ljus i hår Sankta Lucia, Sankta Lucia. •Mörkret ska flyta snart urjordens dalar så hon ett underbart ord till oss talar. Dagen ska åter ny stiga ur rosig sky. Sankta Lucia, Sankta Lucia.
Saint Lucia Buns •5 ½ tsp. active dry yeast •4 to 4 ½ cups all purpose flour •¾ cup sugar •1 tsp. salt •1 cup milk • 1 / 8 tsp. powdered saffron or ½ tsp. saffron threads •½ cup (1 stick) butter, cut up •2 large eggs, slightly beaten In a large mixing bowl, combine the yeast, 2 cups flour, sugar, and salt. In a small sauce pan, heat milk to simmering over medium heat, then remove from heat. Add the saffron and butter; stir until the butter is melted and the mixture has cooled to very warm. Stir the liquids into the flour mixture and add the eggs. Beat with a wooden spoon until the batter is smooth and satiny. Beat in the remaining flour one cup at a time until the dough is stiff, but not dry. Cover and refrigerate for at least two hours. To bake, preheat oven to 400 degrees. Form the dough into S shapes and bake for 8-10 minutes.
Scandinavian Culture •Scandinavia is an area located in northern Europe. It is comprised of the countries: Denmark, Iceland, Sweden, Finland and Norway. The northern most area (north of the Artic Circle) is called Lapland. •Scandinavians are very environmentally conscious. (80% of the paper resources in Denmark are recycled.) •Their educational system is focused on vocational trades from an early age. •Their government is a constitutional monarchy it is comprised of a parliament and a king/queen. •Socialized health care system and welfare system
Rosemaling •Folk art originated in Norway •Sometimes tell a story •Traditional Colors –Blue (Used most often) –Red –Green –Gold –White –Black •Mostly uses flowers, curls and scrolls •Sometimes words or names are included, like on a dowry chest •Dala Horses are a Swedish version of this craft
Bibliography Informational Texts •Davis. Don’t Know Much About: World Myths •Franklin, Langness, & Black. Artisans Around the World: Scandinavia •Hintz. Enchantment of the World: Sweden •Hintz. Enchantment of the World: Norway •Munsen. Cooking the Norwegian Way •Reynolds. Vanishing Cultures: Far North
Bibliography Folk Tales and Legends •Deedy. The Yellow Star: The Legend of King Christian X of Denmark •Embreley. Welcome Back Sun •Kirsten Series, American Girls Collection •Lunge-Larsen. The Troll with no Heart in his Body •MacDonald. Fat Cat •Morpurgo. Beowulf •Parin d’Aulaire. East of the Sun and West of the Moon: Twenty-One Norwegian Folktales