Brasília is the capital of Brazil. The city and its District are located in the Central-West region of the country, along a plateau known as Planalto Central. It has a population of about 2.557,000 (3.599,000 in the metropolitan area) as of the 2008-IBGE estimate, making it the fourth largest city in Brazil The city was planned and developed in 1956 with Lúcio Costa as the principal urban planner and Oscar Niemeyer as the principal architect. In 1960, it formally became Brazil's national capital. When seen from above, the main planned part of the city's shape resembles an airplane or a butterfly. It is listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
Distances São Paulo: 1,020 km (630 mi); Rio de Janeiro: 1,160 km (720 mi); Salvador: 1,540 km (960 mi); Florianópolis: 1,700 km (1,100 mi); Porto Alegre: 2,080 km (1,290 mi); Belém: 2.130 km (1,320 mi); Natal: 2.383 km (1480 mi).
Palácio do Planalto is the official workplace of the President of Brazil
Palacio da Alvorada Dawn Palace, official residence of the President of BrazilThe Alvorada Palace, official residence designed by architect Oscar Niemeyer, is a building of 7.3 thousand meters, with six suites (the largest is 120 meters), movie theaters and music, a gym, heated Olympic swimming pool, sauna with room for massages and a wine cellar for at least 2 thousand bottles.
South Façade of the Alvorada, the reflecting pool and the bronze sculpture by Cheschiatti
The Palácio da Alvorada is the official residence of the President of Brazil. The palace was designed, along with the rest of the city of Brasília, by Oscar Niemeyer and inaugurated in 1958. One of the first structures built in the republic's new capital city, the "Alvorada" lies on a peninsula at the margins of Lake Paranoá