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Finnish Research Landscape, Science Policy & Horizon 2020 Eeva Kaunismaa, Department for Higher Education and Science.

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Presentation on theme: "Finnish Research Landscape, Science Policy & Horizon 2020 Eeva Kaunismaa, Department for Higher Education and Science."— Presentation transcript:

1 Finnish Research Landscape, Science Policy & Horizon 2020 Eeva Kaunismaa, Department for Higher Education and Science

2 Knowledge triangle Innovation Science and Research Education

3 Investment in R&D and talent 3

4 GDP, change in volume, per cent

5 Figure 1. Finland’s innovation system in international comparison: input indicators Source: Research and Innovation Council, RIC

6 Figure 2. Finland’s innovation system in international comparison: output indicators Source: Research and Innovation Council, RIC

7 OECD Policy Recommendations for Finland (February 2013) •Maintain a strong government support in basic R&D and education •Improve academic performance by distributing research grants according to performance •Create incentives for competition, specialisation and scale economies in university research •Focus government support for R&D, entrepreneurship and start-ups on addressing externalities in terms of education, R&D spill-overs and creating highly productive jobs 7

8 Higher Education Institutions and Research Institutes 8 University (blue) Polytechnic (green) Research institute (red)

9 Lähde: Euroopan komissio (tilanne ), NAG Partners -analyysi Suomalaisten välinen yhteistyö

10 Government Programme and joint objectives of the higher education system Reduction of poverty, inequality and social exclusion Reduction of poverty, inequality and social exclusion Consolidation of public finances Consolidation of public finances Enhancing sustainable economic growth, employment and competitiveness Enhancing sustainable economic growth, employment and competitiveness An open, fair and confident Finland An open, fair and confident Finland In 2020, the Finnish higher education system provides higher quality and is more international and more efficient than today. In 2020, the Finnish higher education system provides higher quality and is more international and more efficient than today. Strong units of higher education as the foundation of expertise Strong units of higher education as the foundation of expertise Faster transition to working life from high-quality education Faster transition to working life from high-quality education Competitiveness, well-being and effectiveness through research and innovation activities Competitiveness, well-being and effectiveness through research and innovation activities Internationalisation safeguards quality Internationalisation safeguards quality Development of the higher education community Development of the higher education community Task, profile and focus areas of the university Task, profile and focus areas of the university Central development targets Central development targets Funding Funding

11 Higher education •Higher education network is still too fragmented, structural development to be continued –starting in 2013, an art university will be created though a merger of the Sibelius Academy, the Academy of Fine Arts and the Theatre Academy –to enhance the quality and efficiency of higher education, measures will be taken to promote joint use of facility services and teacher resources across institutional boundaries •Polytechnics to be reformed –the steering of polytechnics based on financing and statutes will be reformed from the beginning of 2014 to expedite their structural reform and to improve the quality and impact of their operations. –operating licences of polytechnics will be revised from the beginning of 2014 –greater regional impact and more close links between polytechnics and regional development and working life •Quality education expedites entry into the labour market –the reform of higher education admissions and study structures by the end of 2015 in order to expedite entry into higher education –first-time applicants' chances of being admitted to be improved • Promotion of researcher training and research careers –the annual target for the number of doctorates is 1,600. –universities will shift the focus from researcher training to the development of researcher careers (tenure tracks) •Measures will be taken to improve conditions for basic research in universities and for innovation and product development in polytechnics in particular •Great emphasis on internationalisation of HEIs

12 Funding of the Finnish HE sector Public funding for HEIs: •Universities € 1,8 bn (state), Polytechnics € 0,9 bn (state and municipalities) -Funding allocated to the universities and to the polytechnics in a lump sum •Public research funding allocated to universities also by Academy of Finland & Tekes € 0,3 bn •Private funding to HE institutions mainly to R&D

13 Research Funding in Finland, 2012, millions of € •Universities •Universities, research •Gov. research institutes •Academy of Finland •Tekes •Foundations •EU (FP7*)

14 University Personnel

15 Doctoral programme Director Doctoral programme Director National doctoral interuniversity network programme Director National doctoral network programme involving research institutes Director International doctoral programme Director Entrance to doctoral studies varies doctoral students Doctoral studies doctoral students Doctoral programmes Director National doctoral interuniversity network programme Director National doctoral network programme involving research institutes Director International doctoral programme Director Responsibility of student entrance is clear Graduate school board Entrance procedure, supervision, guidance, evaluation, follow-up, feedback Transferable skills Discipline specific education Doctoral Training

16 Internationalisation Strategy for HEIs

17 Academy of Finland funding for foreign researchers/ career grants (10% in 2008, 15 % in 2011). Source: Academy of Finland 2012.

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19 19 Decision-making in the European Union European Commission’s (legislative) proposal European Commission’s power of execution/implementation Council’s Working Party Coreper Council European Parliament

20 20 Council of the European Union Interest of the European Union (common interest) Council Presidency - compromise European Commission - initiative Member States - national interest Member States - national interest

21 Current Negotiations on Horizon 2020 •Positive progress in trilogies •Council Presidency (IE) goal: General Agreement in June •Still under discussion –Some structural questions (spreading excellence, widening participation, science for and with society) –Some objectives and actions regarding e.g. SMEs, energy, cultural heritage –Questions regarding implementation (e.g. full cost model, time-to-contract) •The implementation at national level when the negotiations are finalised –The role of the Academy of Finland and Tekes

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24 Photo: Sara Djupsund


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