Presentation on theme: "Finnish Research Landscape, Science Policy & Horizon 2020"— Presentation transcript:
1 Finnish Research Landscape, Science Policy & Horizon 2020 Finnish Research Landscape, Science Policy & Horizon Eeva Kaunismaa, Department for Higher Education and Science
2 Knowledge triangle Innovation Science and Research Education Tämän dian avulla voi kertoa yleisesti hyvin lyhyesti innovaatiojärjestelmästämme, joka nojaa vahvaan peruskoulutukseen ja korkeakoulutukseen ja tutkimukseen.Kuvat ylävasemmalta: HY kirjasto, Millennium palkinto-logo, kemian tutkimukseen liittyvä kuva, ammattikorkeakoulu x:n kurssi, ylhäällä oikealla Aalto yliopiston opetuksesta, promootio yliopisto xx ja viimeisenä ihanat pienet sankarit koulun ruokalassa.
3 Investment in R&D and talent Finland has a high number of researchers in relation to the whole population/those in employmentNevertheless, only 17 % of these researchers have a PhDFinnish expenditures on R&D has been and still is high. The EU target for expenditure on R&D is 3 %. The countries that have reached this target are FI, SE, DKNeed for- more efficient R&I system: generating the best possible output from invested input- more effective system: more relevant outcomes for the economy and society
5 Figure 1. Finland’s innovation system in international comparison: input indicators Good: Public R&D, number of personnel and funding for basicWhere we lack: Internationalisation: Foreign-born researchers, foreign-owned companies, business R&D financed by abroadSource: Research and Innovation Council, RIC
6 Figure 2. Finland’s innovation system in international comparison: output indicators Source: Research and Innovation Council, RIC
7 OECD Policy Recommendations for Finland (February 2013) Maintain a strong government support in basic R&D and educationImprove academic performance by distributing research grants according to performanceCreate incentives for competition, specialisation and scale economies in university researchFocus government support for R&D, entrepreneurship and start-ups on addressing externalities in terms of education, R&D spill-overs and creating highly productive jobs
8 Higher Education Institutions and Research Institutes University (blue)Polytechnic (green)Research institute (red)
9 Suomalaisten välinen yhteistyö Lähde: Euroopan komissio (tilanne ), NAG Partners -analyysi
10 Government Programme and joint objectives of the higher education system An open, fair and confident FinlandReduction of poverty, inequalityand social exclusionConsolidation of public financesEnhancing sustainable economic growth, employment and competitivenessIn 2020, the Finnish higher education system provides higher quality and is more international and more efficient than today.Contracts between universities and the Ministry of Education and CultureStrong units of higher education as the foundation of expertiseFaster transition to working life from high-quality educationCompetitiveness, well-being and effectiveness through research and innovation activitiesInternationalisation safeguards qualityDevelopment of the higher education communityTask, profile and focus areas of the universityCentral development targetsFunding
11 Higher educationHigher education network is still too fragmented, structural development to be continuedstarting in 2013, an art university will be created though a merger of the Sibelius Academy, the Academy of Fine Arts and the Theatre Academyto enhance the quality and efficiency of higher education, measures will be taken to promote joint use of facility services and teacher resources across institutional boundariesPolytechnics to be reformedthe steering of polytechnics based on financing and statutes will be reformed from the beginning of 2014 to expedite their structural reform and to improve the quality and impact of their operations.operating licences of polytechnics will be revised from the beginning of 2014greater regional impact and more close links between polytechnics and regional development and working lifeQuality education expedites entry into the labour marketthe reform of higher education admissions and study structures by the end of 2015 in order to expedite entry into higher educationfirst-time applicants' chances of being admitted to be improvedPromotion of researcher training and research careersthe annual target for the number of doctorates is 1,600.universities will shift the focus from researcher training to the development of researcher careers (tenure tracks)Measures will be taken to improve conditions for basic research in universities and for innovation and product development in polytechnics in particularGreat emphasis on internationalisation of HEIs
12 Funding of the Finnish HE sector Public funding for HEIs:Universities € 1,8 bn (state), Polytechnics € 0,9 bn (state and municipalities)Funding allocated to the universities and to the polytechnics in a lump sumPublic research funding allocated to universities also by Academy of Finland & Tekes € 0,3 bnPrivate funding to HE institutions mainly to R&D
13 Research Funding in Finland, 2012, millions of € UniversitiesUniversities, researchGov. research institutesAcademy of FinlandTekesFoundationsEU (FP7*)1800583306324552250110
15 Doctoral Training 1995-2012 2013- Entrance to doctoral studies varies Entrance to doctoral studies variesResponsibility of student entrance is clearGraduate school boardEntrance procedure, supervision, guidance, evaluation, follow-up, feedbackdoctoral studentsdoctoral studentsTransferable skillsNationaldoctoralnetworkprogrammeinvolvingresearchinstitutesDirectorDiscipline specific educationDoctoralprogrammeDirectorDiscipline specific educationDoctoralprogrammeDirectorNationaldoctoralinteruniversitynetworkprogrammeDirectorDiscipline specific educationRENEWAL OF THE DOCTORAL TRAININGHas been prepared in common understanding between universities, the Ministry of Education and the Academy of FinlandEqual rights to all students despite of the discipline and university: graduate schools and programmes should involve all doctoral studentsSelection of students has not always been transparent or thoroughly consideredInstead of supporting just a part of disciplines all fields should be encouraged to more structured doctoral educationDetails up to the 14 universities- all have started renewing their systemsThe Ministry of Education sets common strategic goalsThe Academy of Finland supports doctoral education in all its applicable funding instrumentsNationaldoctoralinteruniversitynetworkprogrammeDirectorNationaldoctoralnetworkprogrammeinvolvingresearchinstitutesDirectorInternationaldoctoralprogrammeDirectorDoctoralprogrammesDirectorInternationaldoctoralprogrammeDirectorDoctoral studies
16 Internationalisation Strategy for HEIs 2009-2015 To create a genuinely international higher education communityIncrease in the quality and attractiveness of higher education institutionsEducation and expertise exportSupporting a multicultural societyPromotion of global responsibilityKorkeakoulujen rooli muuttuvassa maailmassa – kriittinen ja luova ajattelu – on pystyttävä vastaamaan yhä vaikeampiin haasteisiin, siksi vuorovaikutustaidot ja ongelmanratkaisukyvyt nousevat esiin yhä voimakkaamminSuomessa olemme joutuneet pienenä maana pohtimaan asemaamme ja rooliamme muuttuvassa toimintaympäristössä.2009 laadimme yhteistyössä kaikkien hallinnonalan toimijoiden kanssa yhteisen kansainvälistymisstrategian, joka on edelleen ajankohtainenolemme keskellä rakenteellisia muutoksia ja uusimme korkeakoulujen rahoitusmallejanämä toimenpiteet kumpuavat tavoitteellisesta laadun parantamisesta muuttuvassa ympäristössämmeREHTORI Pei sanoi hyvin Tongjissa viime viikolla: we need right people – ”happy and angry birds” – professors, experts and young talented students – and imagination! Even the most imaginary visions can be realized – if we really have the will. – tämä ei ole mahdollista ilman hyvin toimivaa, laadukasta korkeakoulujärjestelmää
17 Academy of Finland funding for foreign researchers/ career grants (10% in 2008, 15 % in 2011) .41 akatemia professoria 2012289 akatemiatutkijaaSource: Academy of Finland 2012.
19 Decision-making in the European Union European Commission’s power of execution/implementationCouncil’s Working PartyCoreperCouncilEuropeanParliamentEuropean Commission’s(legislative) proposal
20 Council of the European Union Member States- national interestInterest ofthe European Union(common interest)EuropeanCommission- initiativeCouncilPresidency- compromise
21 Current Negotiations on Horizon 2020 Positive progress in trilogiesCouncil Presidency (IE) goal: General Agreement in JuneStill under discussionSome structural questions (spreading excellence, widening participation, science for and with society)Some objectives and actions regarding e.g. SMEs, energy, cultural heritageQuestions regarding implementation (e.g. full cost model, time-to-contract)The implementation at national level when the negotiations are finalisedThe role of the Academy of Finland and Tekes
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