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What is Positive Psychology? Hans Henrik Knoop Aarhus University, Denmark.

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Presentation on theme: "What is Positive Psychology? Hans Henrik Knoop Aarhus University, Denmark."— Presentation transcript:

1 What is Positive Psychology? Hans Henrik Knoop Aarhus University, Denmark

2 2006 Hans Henrik Knoop

3 Hans Henrik Knoop 2008 COMPETENCE ? HAPPINESS ? PROGRESS ?

4 Hans Henrik Knoop 2008

5 Hans Henrik Knoop 2008

6 Short answer: PP is the study of wellbeing and optimal functioning in human life – and how to foster this as individuals, groups and societies

7 Genes: source of % of your happiness This is because we are born with a kind of chemically determined basic mood called the happiness set-point Material life-circumstances: source of % of your happiness The reason that it is not more is that we get used to good things which is called hedonistic adaptation Immaterial (volitional) life-circumstances: source of % of your happiness Freedom to engage in joyful activity here and now Freedom to existentially and socially to engage in a bigger, more long-sighted, meaningful perspective (Lyubomirsky, 2007) How is your mood being produced?

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9 Denmark: A Multiple Choice Society?  Ruut Veenhoven: People live happiest in economically well developed nations that are well governed and allow their citizens a lot of freedom, in short, in modern multiple choice society  5 mi. citizens (very few)  square kilometers (very few)  World’s highest economic equality (gini-index 2000-)  Very high level of personal autonomy / Very low power distance / Very low level of blind obedience (Hofstede, 1984-)  Very high level of creativity / material wealth  Very high level of access to information / media+ICT % computer and internet access in private homes (Plovsing & Nielsen, 2009)  World’s lowest level of corruption (Transparency International, 2008)  World’s highest level of social trust (Bjørnskov, 2009)  Some of the world’s happiest (Veenhoven 2010; Diener 2009) Hans Henrik Knoop, 2010

10 Result: Increased competence Experience: Intrinsically motivating positive emotions Result: Increased creativity Experience: Intrinsically motivating meaning Experience: Intrinsically motivating engagement Experience: Intrinsically motivating social relations Preconditions: Aesthetics and functional settings Preconditions: Positive support and positive challenge Preconditions: Autonomy, purpose, energizing goals, un-bureaucratic rules, flexible degree of challenge, non-humiliating feedback and possibility for concentration Preconditions: Usability Good reasons Experience: Desire to learn and create: curiosity and entrepreneurship The desire to learn and create Base: Unfolding individual strengths in daily life Action: Intrinsically motivated learning and creativity Desire to learn more Desire to create more Hans Henrik Knoop, 2010

11 Knoop, H. H. & Lyhne, J. (red.) (2005). Et nyt læringslandskab – Flow, Intelligens og det gode læringsmiljø. København: Dansk Psykologisk Forlag.Et nyt læringslandskab – Flow, Intelligens og det gode læringsmiljø Knoop, H. H. (2002). Leg, læring og kreativitet – hvorfor glade børn lærer mere. København: Aschehoug.Leg, læring og kreativitet – hvorfor glade børn lærer mere Knoop, H. H. (2006). Når lysten til at lære overlever mødet med skolen. I: Hejgaard, J. et al. Mit barn skal I skole. København: Mejeriforeningen, Rådet for Større Færdselssikkerhed og Skole & Samfund.Når lysten til at lære overlever mødet med skolen Knoop, H. H. (2007). Wise Creativity and Creative Wisdom. In: Craft, A., Gardner, H. & Claxton, G (eds.) Creativity, Wisdom and Trusteeship. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press. Creativity, Wisdom and Trusteeship Knoop, H. H. (2007). Control and Responsibility: A Danish Perspective on Leadership. In: Gardner, H. (ed.). Responsibility at Work: How Leading Professionals Act (or Don't Act) Responsibly. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.Responsibility at Work: How Leading Professionals Act (or Don't Act) Responsibly Knoop, H. H. & Gardner, H. (2001). Good Work in a Complex World. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University.Good Work in a Complex World Lyhne, J. & Knoop, H. H. (red.) (2008). Positiv Psykologi – Positiv Pædagogik. København: Dansk Psykologisk Forlag.Positiv Psykologi – Positiv Pædagogik Tidsskriftet Kognition & Pædagogik. Virum: Dansk Psykologisk ForlagKognition & Pædagogik Test dine karakterstyrker her: Test din positivitetsratio her: Min hjemmeside på DPU / Århus Universitet: 5th European Conference on Positive Psychology: READ ON

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