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Four scales for ENP Adrian Blau Aim of the article: - Evaluating advantages and disadvantages in different approaches to party systems - Propose a more.

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Presentation on theme: "Four scales for ENP Adrian Blau Aim of the article: - Evaluating advantages and disadvantages in different approaches to party systems - Propose a more."— Presentation transcript:

1 Four scales for ENP Adrian Blau Aim of the article: - Evaluating advantages and disadvantages in different approaches to party systems - Propose a more fine-grained analysis of party systems focusing on their different aims - Suggest a set of indices to reflect the different functions performed by parties in party systems - Illustrate the new approach using the United Kingdom and Germany as example of pluralitarian and proportional systems «How we count depends on where we look»

2 Seats and votes Competition for government Qualitative (Sartori - Relevant parties Blondel - Germany Siaroff - UK) QuantitativeENP NV = 1/ i v i 2 NS = 1/ i s i 2 You can look at: WHAT? HOW?

3 But..

4 Party system Electoral (votes) Parliamen- tary (seats) LegislativeGovernment Pluralitarian vs. Proportional party systems Proportional Democrats examine how well party systems manifest political equality at the different stages of the political process Pluralitarial Democrats examine how well party systems permit accountable, stable, single party governments Party system NV = 1 / i vi2 NS = 1 / i si2 NL = 1 / i li2 NC = 1 / i ci2

5 Legislative parties NL = 1 / i l i 2 Government 1 unit of influence How to measure l i ? Opposition To unsupported min gov 0,5 units of influence To supported min gov 0,2 units To majority gov 0,1 units Strong committees 0,125 units Opposition chairs 0,125 units Controlling Upper house 0,1 units Everything distributed according to party shares in government and in opposition

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7 OPP 2005 = = 289 CON share =197/289=68,17% L opp = 0,1+0,1=0,2 L con = 0,68*0,2=0,14

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10 Cabinet parties NC = 1 / i c i 2 Where c i is the share of cabinet position of party i

11 Pluralitarian: NV and NS low NL = NC = 1 Proportional NV NS NL NC

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14 Five conclusions 1)Conceptually the (effective) number of parties can be defined in many ways 2)Methodologically, the way in which you count parties is determined by your research interests. 3)Empirically: a)In UK after the 2005 election: 3 ½ parties in votes 2 ½ parties in seats 1 ½ parties in legislature 1 party in government b) In D before the 2005 grand coalition: Just > 3 parties in votes Just< 3 parties in seats 2 ½ parties in legislature 1 ½ parties in government 4) Descriptively, NL and NC complement NV and NS and help in better describing a party system and making some hypothesis for the future 5) Normatively, tests proportional and pluralitarian models of Democracy

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16 2005L pointsRescale Li sqrtENPLi CON LAB LDEM0.040, …0.04… tot OPP 2005 = = 289 CON share =197/289=68,17% L opp = 0,1+0,1=0,2 L con = 0,68*0,2=0,14

17 2005L pointsRescale Li sqrtENPLi CDU/CSU0.500, SPD FDP GR PDS tot


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