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1 Dr. Peder Jensen Project Manager, Transport and Environment TERM - 2008 TERM - 2008 Transport at a crossroads.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Dr. Peder Jensen Project Manager, Transport and Environment TERM - 2008 TERM - 2008 Transport at a crossroads."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Dr. Peder Jensen Project Manager, Transport and Environment TERM TERM Transport at a crossroads

2 2 Organisational set-up and outputs –Network of national experts –Indicator fact sheets –Indicators data sheets Indicators EEA Reports ENV TREN Country information Policy context Statistics Review –Country fact sheets –Indicator based reports –Technical/focus studies TERM consist of: PCPs T ransport

3 Danmark fossilfrit i også transport sektoren Raporterede emissioner Total Transport Jævn aftrapning Vækst som hidtil Index

4 4 Greenhouse Gas Emissions – growth due to transport growth Transport sector GHG emissions increased by 28% over the period of in EEA countries

5 5 Greenhouse gas emissions •Austria, Malta and Slovakia were the only states that saw a decrease in transport GHG emission compared between 2005 and 2006 •Since the mid 1990s transport and emission growth in the new EU MSs have been greater than in the old EU MSs

6 6 Climate Change and Transport – much is needed but too little is happening •Between 1990 and 2006 CO 2 emissions from the transport sector increased by 27% in EU •Had transport sector emissions followed the same reduction trend as in society as a whole, total EU-27 GHG during the period 1990–2005 would have fallen by 14% instead of 7.9%. 27% %

7 7 Freight transport - growing faster than the economy • Transport volume growth follows growth in GDP • No clear signs of decoupling of transport volume from economic growth • EU-15 MSs show increase in freight intensity

8 8 Freight transport - road transport dominates the inland market • Road transport has a 77% market share • Road transport share has grown at the expense of rail and inland waterway transport • In the EU-10 road transport's share reached 65% in 2005 at the expense of rail transport

9 9 Passenger Transport – continuous growth • Growth has occurred for all modes with the exception of sea transport • Growth has been slower on average than growth in the economy since the mid 1990s

10 10 Passenger Transport

11 11 •In 2005, the average car ownership level reached 460 cars per 1000 inhabitants •Liechtenstein has the highest of 705 per 1000 inhabitants. The largest growth was observed in the new MSs and Turkey •In Lithuania car ownership has more than doubled in 10 years from 198 to 428 cars per 1000 inhabitants in 2005 Passenger Transport – car ownership increase

12 12 Transport Air Pollutant Emissions Between 1990 and 2006 total transport emissions of particulates, acidifying substances and ozone precursors decreased by 31% and 47% respectively

13 13 Air emissions Annual average mean NO2 and PM10 concentrations Concentration of NO 2 (2010 limit) and PM 10 (2005 limit) are at or above the European air quality limits

14 Effekten af biobrændstof og elbiler i Danmark Fortsat vækst Biobrændstof - 10% 2020, 50% CO 2 effekt Elbiler - salg 25% af nye biler efter 5 år

15 15 Transport Fuels - biofuel production in EU MSs

16 16 Transport fuels The real (inflation- corrected) average price of road fuel in the EU has only increased slightly during recent decade Fuel prices fluctuated dramatically during the last year.

17 17 The need for demand management Passenger transport

18 18 The need for demand management Freight Demand is growing fastest for modes of transport that emit higher CO2 levels

19 19 The need for demand management Leisure, work and shopping appear to be the main drivers of travel in Europe

20 20 The need for demand management Measures such as congestion charging can promote the use of other modes such as cycling. Since the introduction of congestion charging in London in 2003 cycling levels have increased.

21 Konklusion •Teknologien kan give et bidrag til emissions reduktion men kan ikke stå alene •Bedre udnyttelse af flåden kan give vigtige bidrag •Efterspørgselsstyring en nødt til at være en del af pakken

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