Presentation on theme: "INNOVATION « Hercules » Α. Α 20130100678 Industrial Property Organization 1 A system for the safe, temporary or not, storage for any type of waste with."— Presentation transcript:
INNOVATION « Hercules » Α. Α 20130100678 Industrial Property Organization 1 A system for the safe, temporary or not, storage for any type of waste with parallel production of biogas and safe disposal of the liquid seepage ECONOMIC – SAFE – ENVIROMENTAL FRIENDLY
Statement to anyone concerned 2 The described system has been presented to the environmental authorities and to science specialists and has drawn remarkable comments For the environmental license it is said that it will probably face no problems
« HERCULES » SYSTEM FOR THE TEMPORARY OR NOT STORAGE FOR ANY TYPE OF WASTE 4
INDICATIVE - ALTERNATIVE DESIGN WITH A UNIT OF COLLECTION AND RECYCLING 5
GENERAL PRESENTATION 7 With the system, wastes can be collected and disposed in some location where they will be put in tanks according to our system and will stay at the location with zero environmental danger for as long as needed Zero seepage Zero odour Zero explosion danger Zero fire danger Zero nuisance of the groundwater, geophysical and atmospheric horizon
GENERAL PRESENTATION 8 RESTORATION OF XADA (site for the uncontrolled landfill of waste Until today the restoration meant burring of the waste This converts the existing environmental impact in long-lasting at least 100 years So it is not a restoration but a long lasting evolution of the environmental impact that already exists. The groundwater and the geophysical horizon will have the impact of the pollution for years. This will diminish the quality of the agricultural products of the area a lot.
GENERAL PRESENTATION 9 We propose the implementation of our design to the restoration locations until the construction and function of a place regarding central waste process. When the main location starts functioning the wastes will be transferred there This way we will be free of the permanent impact on the environment that is caused from the burring of the wastes. If the main locations do not work, our company has solutions for the temporary storage of wastes in these locations and their furthermore exploitation
«HERCULES» SYSTEM FOR THE TEMPORARY OR NOT STORAGE FOR ANY TYPE OF WASTE WASTES LOCATION FOR THE STORAGE (OPTIONALLY) COMPRESSION CONTAINER (OPTIONALLY) COMPRESSION CONTAINER BURNING ON THE FIELD STORAGE AND TRANSFER BIOLOGICAL CLEANSING HEATING FOR FAMILIES IN NEED GREENHOUSE HEATING OTHER USES ΜΟΝΑΔΑ ΑΝΑΚΥΚΛΩΣΗΣ STORAGE FOR THE RECYCLING MATERIAL NOT RECYCLED STORAGE TANK PRODUCTION OF ELECTRICAL ENERGY 10 TRANSFER TO LANDFILL FOR BURING, PLANT PROCESSING OR ENERGY RECOVERY ON THE FIELD
«HERCULES» SYSTEM FOR THE TEMPORARY OR NOT STORAGE FOR ANY TYPE OF WASTE «STAGE A» «HERCULES» SYSTEM FOR THE TEMPORARY OR NOT STORAGE FOR ANY TYPE OF WASTE «STAGE A» WASTES LOCATION FOR WASTE DEPOSIT (OPTIONALLY) COMPRESSION CONTAINER (OPTIONALLY) COMPRESSION CONTAINER RECYCLING UNIT STORAGE FOR THE RECYCLED NON RECYCLABLE 11
BURNING ON THE FIELD STORAGE AND TRANSFER BIOLOGICAL CLEANSING PRODUCTION OF ELECTRICAL ENERGY FOR FAMILIES IN NEED GREENHOUSE HEATING OTHER USES STORAGE TANK TRANSFER TO LANDFILL FOR BURING, PLANT PROCESSING OR ENERGY RECOVERY ON THE FIELD PRODUCTION OF ELECTRICAL ENERGY «HERCULES» SYSTEM FOR THE TEMPORARY OR NOT STORAGE FOR ANY TYPE OF WASTE «STAGE B» «HERCULES» SYSTEM FOR THE TEMPORARY OR NOT STORAGE FOR ANY TYPE OF WASTE «STAGE B» 12
«HERCULES» SYSTEM FOR THE TEMPORARY OR NOT STORAGE FOR ANY TYPE OF WASTE «STAGE C» 13 BIOGAS USES Α ) Production of electrical energy for families in need Β ) Greenhouse heating C) Other uses D) In case of constructing a pyrolysis unit, biogas from the fermentation can be used as fuel for the pyrolysis and the biogas produced from pyrolysis will be used to produce electricity.
USES OF WASTES AFTER FERMENTATION 14 Transfer to a landfill for special burring Transfer to a plant for processing Production of electricity through pyrolysis Use of the tanks for flood protection constructions
COMPARATIVE TABLE OF THE SYSTEM «HERCULES» WITH A TYPICAL COMPRESSION SYSTEM HERCULES COMPRESSION SYSTEM Cost of the initial installation and for 1 year function Model of 10.000 tones 700.000€1.500.000€ Operation cost of 2 nd year 35€/ton50€/ton Operation cost of 3rd year (provided that the storage wastes will be transferred to landfill or processing plant) 10€/ton*50€/ton Maintenance cost2€/ton/yearUndefined OdorNOYES Fire dangerMinimum to zeroImportant 15
COMPARATIVE TABLE OF THE SYSTEM «HERCULES» WITH A TYPICAL COMPRESSION SYSTEM HERCULES COMPRESSION SYSTEM Risk of explosion due to biogas production through fermentation zero significant (increasing by extending shelf life) Possibility to extend shelf life without environmental impact bigsmall Possibility of exploitation of the produced biomethane YESNO Drippings leakage and pollution of underground water ZeroImportant 16
COMPARATIVE TABLE OF «HERCULES» WITH LANDFILL FOR SPECIAL BURING HERCULESLANDFILL Safe wastes storage√√ Ability to collect and exploit the produced biomethane √√ Zero Drippings leakage and pollution of underground water √√ StorageAbove the groundunderground 17
COMPARISON OF HERCULES WITH LANDFILL BURIAL COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGES OF SYSTEM “HERCULES” HERCULESLANDFILL Recyclability of already stored wastes There is no access to wastes from the time they are buried Ability to add a processing plant and electrical energy production plant to the existing installation If it does not exist to the initial design there is a possibility to add a unit for the production of energy from biogas. A processing plant cannot be added. Flexible design and ability to spread the storage units for the minimization of the transfer cost and the autonomy of small villages to their waste management The landfill is the central unit for the waste storage and a basic element of the philosophy behind it is the deposit of large volume of wastes and it is best situated in large districts 18
COMPARISON OF HERCULES WITH CENTRAL UNITS HERCULESCENTRAL UNITS Can be used with any amount of waste (small or large) Large quantities needed Minimizes transportation costs of the municipality and the environmental impact of greenhouse gas a) Increase the environmental burden of transportation b) increase the transportation costs of collection and transfer No gate feesThere are gate fees Cost per tone 5 to 40 EurosCost per tone 80 Euros at least No need for private investorsNeed for private investors 19
System Summary 20 Innovative system for safe, temporary or not, storage and processing of urban solid wastes with the use of pre-constructed tanks from special fabric and special design The system can be used for any kind of wastes through different each time design For the construction of these special tanks a special technical fabric is being used. Inside this tank we store the wastes and afterwards it closes with thermal welding
Συνοπτική περιγραφή [ συνέχεια ] 21 Το σύστημα μπορεί να εξελιχθεί σε ολοκληρωμένο σύστημα ενεργειακής αξιοποίησης των αποθηκευμένων αποβλήτων με ελάχιστο, συγκριτικά με άλλα συστήματα κόστος, ενσωματώνοντας μηχανολογικό εξοπλισμό παραγωγής Ηλεκτρικής ενέργειας. Το σύστημα χρησιμοποιείται για οποιανδήποτε ποσότητα και είδος αποβλήτων.
Μεθοδολογία Διαχείρισης των Αποβλήτων 22 Εναπόθεση στο κοντέινερ συμπίεσης, εάν έχει επιλεγεί, ή στον προκατασκευασμένο ανοικτό σάκο, στον επιλεγμένο χώρο αποθήκευσης. Οι διαστάσεις του ειδικά προκατασκευασμένου σάκου δύνανται να ποικίλουν, ανάλογα με την επιλεγμένη χωροταξία του χώρου αποθήκευσης. Τα απόβλητα τοποθετούνται επί του ανοικτού ειδικά σχεδιασμένου προκατασκευασμένου σάκου, μετά την συμπίεση, εάν έχει επιλεγεί, καλυπτόμενα πλήρως από τον σάκο, όταν αυτός κλείσει. Οι σάκοι κλείνουν επί τόπου, είτε με ειδικό μηχάνημα διπλής ραφής είτε με ειδικό μηχάνημα θερμοκόλλησης, είτε με ρομπότ.
Method for waste management (continuing) 23 These special fabrics are made with new technology materials that are capable of contain very toxic and dangerous wastes. They can handle pressures without cracking (so that there aren’t any odors from the wastes) They are retardant, almost incombustible in order to prevent fire
Method of waste disposal and creation of storage bags 24
Method for waste management (continuing) 25 At the surface of the tanks there are valves for dripping drainage, valves for the exhaustion of biogas and valves for water inlet At the inside of the tank fermentation is taking place that has as a result the fusion of the wastes and the production of biogas.
Method for waste management (continuing) 26 The tank has at the center of the upper side a special valve for the exhaustion of biogas, through which the produced gas leaved the tank and can be temporary stored in a biogas tank. The stored gas can afterwards either be burnt on the site or transferred for various purposes.
Method for waste management (continuing) 27 Through the fermentation we also have the production of liquid drippings. The tank has at its lower point a special valve for the drainage of these drippings that afterwards can be stored to a special tank, where they remain until their transfer to the biological cleansing
Construction of the tank 28
Method for waste management (continuing) 29 To the production of the tank there is a special valve for the intake of water or any other appropriate liquid mix. This valve is located on the top of the bag and it gives the ability to add water to the stored wastes in order to decrease the toxicity of the drippings. This valve can have at the same time any other possible use, for example we could add substances to help the fermentation.
Method for waste management (continuing) 30 INTERESTING NOTES 1] The tanks can have any size we want. From 5 m3 to any size we want 2] The tanks can have any shape we want so that design of their storage (either in series or polygonal) can be the best.
Multiple tanks layout 31
Layout of tanks in stacks 32
Uses of the system 33 Urban wastes Olive oil wastes Agricultural wastes After the completion of the fermentation by adding sand in the tanks we could use them for antiflood constructions with minimum cost and zero environmental nuisance