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The Czech Republic
© Lenka Lexová INTRODUCTION it's located in Central Europe it borders on Poland in the northeast, on Germany in the west and northwest, on Austria in the south and on Slovakia in the east the capital and largest city is Prague the country is composed of the historic regions of Bohemia and Moravia, as well as parts of Silesia the Czech Republic has been a member of NATO since 1999 and of the European Union since 2004
© Lenka Lexová GEOGRAPHY the landscape is quite varied Bohemia consists of a basin drained by the Elbe and the Vltava river. The country is surrounded by mostly low mountains, such as the Krkonoše range, Šumava, Jeseníky, Beskydy on the river Vltava there are important damps and power stations (Slapy, Orlík) national parks – Český ráj, Krkonoše, Beskydy, České Švýcarsko, Šumava, Jeseníky etc. Třeboňsko – manmade ponds the climate is mild continental, with relatively hot summers and cold, cloudy and snowy winters
© Lenka Lexová POPULATION Czech, Moravian and Silesian (94.24%) minorities are: Slovaks (1.89%); Poles (0.51%); Germans (0.38%); Ukrainians (0.22%); Vietnamese (0.17%); Hungarians (0.14%); Russians (0.12%); Romani (0.11%); Bulgarians (0.04%); and Greeks (0.03%) more than 200,000 Romani people 59% of the country is atheist or non-believer, 26.8% is Roman Catholic and 2.5% is Protestant
© Lenka Lexová POLITICAL SYSTEM it is parliamentary democratic country the Prime Minister is the head of government the Parliament has two parts: the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate the President is elected for a five-year term, he is a formal head of state the Czech armed forces consist of the Army and Air Force
© Lenka Lexová REGIONS Since 2000, the Czech Republic is divided into thirteen regions Prague, the capital city Central Bohemian Region - Prague South Bohemian Region - Budějovice Plzeň Region - Plzeň Karlovy Vary Region - Karlovy Vary Ústí nad Labem Region - Ústí nad Labem Liberec Region - Liberec Hradec Králové Region - Hradec Králové Pardubice Region - Pardubice Olomouc Region - Olomouc Moravian-Silesian Region - Ostrava South Moravian Region - Brno Zlín Region - Zlín Vysočina Region - Jihlava
© Lenka Lexová ECONOMY most of the economy services have been privatised, including banks and telecommunications industries - heavy and general machine-building, iron and steel production, metalworking, chemical production, electronics, textiles, glass, brewing, china, ceramics, and pharmaceuticals agricultural products - sugarbeets, potatoes, wheat, and hops; cattle, poultry, pigs and sheep services – banking, communication, trade the river Elbe is important for homeland and foreign cargo shipping
© Lenka Lexová ŠKODA CAR MLADÁ BOLESLAV Škoda Auto is one of the largest car manufacturers in Central Europe. In 2007, 630,032 cars were sold worldwide, a record for the company.
© Lenka Lexová CZECH BEER
© Lenka Lexová TRANSPORT Ruzyně International Airport – it´s one of the busiest airports in Central Europe. In total, Czech Republic has 46 airports with paved runways, six of which provide international air services. České dráhy is the main railway operator in the Czech Republic, it transports cargo and passangers. Czech motorways
© Lenka Lexová HISTORY since the 3 rd century BC – Celtic tribes the first state started in 830-833 – the Great Moravian Empire the 2 nd half of the 9 th century – 1305 the Přemyslid dynasty the reign of Charles IV (1346-1378) is the Golden Age of the Czech history the founding of Charles University in Prague in 1348 and Charles Bridge 1357 since 1526-1918 the Habsburg dynasty after WW I the Austrian-Hungarian Empire ended on 28 September 1918 first independent Czechoslovakian Republic, Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk became the president
© Lenka Lexová 1939 Protectorate Bohemia and Moravia established by the German Nazis 8th May 1945 end of WW II after WW II Czechoslovakia became a Communist country within the Eastern Bloc, nationalizing of private properties, political law suits, emigration 1968 Prague Spring - a period of democratic tendencies to change the politics stopped on 21 August 1968 by occupation by troops of the Soviet Union and of countries of the communist Warsaw Pact 1989 the Velvet Revolution – end of communism January 1, 1993, the country peacefully split into the independent Czech Republic and Slovakia
© Lenka Lexová TOURISM the historic city of Prague is the primary tourist attraction most other towns in the country attract significant numbers of tourists, but the spa towns, such as Karlovy Vary, Mariánské Lázně and Františkovy Lázně, are particularly popular holiday destinations many castles and chateaux, such as Karlštejn Castle, Český Krumlov, Kost and Hluboká, Orlík or the Lednice–Valtice area Český ráj, Šumava and Krkonoše attract visitors seeking outdoor activities
© Lenka Lexová ČESKÝ KRUMLOV
© Lenka Lexová ZOO PRAGUE
© Lenka Lexová PILSEN
© Lenka Lexová HLUBOKÁ CHATEAU
© Lenka Lexová KARLŠTEJN CASTLE
© Lenka Lexová THE VLTAVA – THE LONGEST RIVER
© Lenka Lexová SNĚŽKA – THE HIGHEST MOUTAIN
© Lenka Lexová ORLÍK CHATEAU
© Lenka Lexová ORLÍK POWER STATION
© Lenka Lexová LEDNICE CHATEAU
© Lenka Lexová UNESCO sites in ČR Prague Český Krumlov Telč St. Jan Nepomucký Church, Žďár nad Sázavou Kutná Hora Lednice-Valtice area Holašovice – a traditional village Kroměříž Chateau and gardens Chateau area in Litomyšl the Column of the Holy Trinity in Olomouc the Jewish area in Třebíč Villa Tugendhat in Brno Source: www.wikipedia.org, www.google.com
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