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THE IMPACT OF MUD VULCANO AT PORONG DISTRICT SIDOARJO REGENCY EAST JAVA INDONESIA Prof.Dr.H.J.MUKONO, dr.,MS.,MPH. FACULTY OF PUBLIC HEALTH AIRLANGGA UNIVERSITY.

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Presentation on theme: "THE IMPACT OF MUD VULCANO AT PORONG DISTRICT SIDOARJO REGENCY EAST JAVA INDONESIA Prof.Dr.H.J.MUKONO, dr.,MS.,MPH. FACULTY OF PUBLIC HEALTH AIRLANGGA UNIVERSITY."— Presentation transcript:

1 THE IMPACT OF MUD VULCANO AT PORONG DISTRICT SIDOARJO REGENCY EAST JAVA INDONESIA Prof.Dr.H.J.MUKONO, dr.,MS.,MPH. FACULTY OF PUBLIC HEALTH AIRLANGGA UNIVERSITY SURABAYA - INDONESIA

2 • MORE THAN 2 YEARS MUD VULCANO EMITED DO NOT STOP • THE MUD VULCANO WICH IN 400 Ha WOULD BE ENVIRONMENTAL AND HEALTH DISOSDER • THE MUD VULCANOS IMPACT S, SUCH AS: 1. SOCIAL-ECONOMICAL IMPACT 2. HEALTH IMPACT (ACUTE & CHRONIC) 3. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT • HEALTH IMPACT CAUSED BY MANY FACTORS: 1. PHYSICAL & CHEMICAL FACORS 2. AIR AND WATER POLLUTANT • SOLID VULCANO, CAN BE USED FOR: 1.PAVING STONE 2.ROOF 3.MIXED HOT ASPALT 4.BATAKO 5.CERAMIC MATERIAL

3 Jatirejo Barat Ketapang Glagaharum Mindi Siring Barat Plumbon Gedang Pamotan Kedungbendo Gempolsari I MPACT AREA MAP NATIONAL PSLS TEAM 22 MARCH 2007

4 Hot mud swells out from the Indonesian gas well.

5 ACTIVITIES EXPLORATION OF WELLS OIL / GAS HOT MUT FLOW HOT MUD/WATER GAS *TEMPERATURE 38 – 56 O C *GAS EMETED FROM EARTH *LOST OF FERTILIZED LAND FROM FOSIL MANY YEARS AGO LOST OF MICRO FLORA/FAUNA, CAUSED BY (HC, H2S,NH3,NO2,SO4 GAS) MERCAPTAN *CONTAIN GAS H2S (ANAEROBIC) *H2S + O2  H2SO4  pH DECREASED *WATER QUALITY :  PHENOL (3,37-4,25 mg/L)  BOD 3.840 mg/L ( SANDART 150 mg/L)  COD 8.000 – 24.000 mg/L ( STANDART 300 mg/L) MICROORGANISM WILL BE DEATH.

6 GAS EMITION  GAS EMITION CONCENTRATION ESPECIALLY AT 3 LOCATION : 1. Desa Siring Barat (RT1,2,3,12) 2. Desa Jatirejo Barat (RT1, 2) 3. Desa Mindi (RT10, 13, 15) HC (21000 – 441200) ppm IS HIGHER THAN STANDARD (5000 ppm),  DECREASED AIR QUALITY According to : DECRE OF STATE MINISTER ENVIRONMENT No: 129 / 2003

7 AIR QUALITY PARAMETERS WERE DETECTED: SO2 CO2O3NO2 NH3H2SPHENOLDEBU WATER QUALITY PARAMETERS WERE DETECTED: BOD COD DOPhPHENOLF PO4 Cl CuFeMn Zn Cd Pb CoSO4

8 AIR QUALITY PARAMETER DETECTED HIGHER THAN STANDARD GAS NH3 : 3,198 ug/Nm3 STANDARD : 2 ug/Nm3

9 PARAMETER SOLID MUD VULCANO DETECTED HIGHER THAN STANDARD, THAT ARE : Cu  MIN : 10,992 and MAX: 20,688 (STD = 10 mg/L) Cr  MIN : 5,158 and MAX: 10,264 (STD = 5 mg/L) Pb  MIN : 6,204 and MAX: 13,276 (STD = 5 mg/L)

10 WARNING AT THE MUD VULCANO AREA

11 IMPACT TO THE ENVIRONMENTAL PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT • LAND DICENDENT • LAND DISORDERS • INFRA STRUCTUR DISORDER • LAND QUALITY DISORDER • BUILDING DISORDER • PUBLIC INFRASTRUCTUR DISORDER

12 A worker cleans his belongings near a storage area flooded by hot mud leaked from an oil and gas exploration well operated by Indonesian company Lapindo Brantas in Sidoarjo

13 LAND SUBSIDENCE 1. Desa Siring Barat (RT1,2,3,12): LAND SUBSIDENCE 60-100 cm. 2. Desa Jatirejo Barat (RT1,2): LAND SUBSIDENCE 30-60cm. 3. Desa Mindi (RT10,13,15): LAND SUBSIDENCE : 30-40cm. 4. PART OF Desa Mindi dan OTHER 6 Desa LAND SUBSIDENCE 10 cm. LAND SUBSIDENCE ARROUNT 30-100CM WILL BE GIVEN NEGATIVE 30-100CM WILL BE GIVEN NEGATIVE IMPACT TO THE BUILDING IMPACT TO THE BUILDING

14 IMPACT TO THE ENVIRONMENT CHEMICAL WATER QUALITY DISORDER AIR QUALITY DISORDER

15 WATER QUALITY PARAMETER DETECTED MORE THAN NORMAL THAT IS : PHENOL  MIN : 0,01 MAX : 26,50 ( BM = 0,001 mg/L) Zn  MIN : 0,01 MAX : 1,89 ( BM = 0,05 mg/L ) Cu  MIN : 0,07 MAX : 0,12 ( BM = 0,02 mg/L ) Cr  MIN : 0,09 MAX : 0,18 ( BM = 0,05 mg/L )

16 MUD VOLANO AND SMOKE Photo: Doc. suarasurabaya.net

17 Men carry equipment through the mud

18 IMPACT TO THE ENVIRONMENT BIOLOGY • FLORA DISORDER • FAUNA DISORDER • SOIL MICROORGANISM DISORDER

19 FLORA DISORDER Photo by SIGIT PAMUNGKAS

20 CONDITION OF IMPACTED AREA  SYMPTOM OF COMMUNITY LOCATED IN THE IMPACTED AREA, SUCH AS CAUSED BY AIR POLLUTION (GAS), WATER POLLUTION AND HEALTH DISORDER.  IMPACTED AREA IS DANGEROUS (DESCENDENT 30CM – 60 CM) AND NOT COMPORTABLE FOR LIVE.  WALLS BUILDING BROKEN

21 IMPACT TO THE ENVIRONMENT HEALT PHYSICAL IMPACT  ACUTE  CHRONIC PSYCHOSOMATIS  EMOTION  FRUSTRATION

22 THE KINDS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPACT  BECAUSE OF AIR POLLUTION RELATED TO ODOR  BECAUSE OF WATER POLLUTION RELATED TO THE WATER FUNCTION.  BECAUSE OF MUD VULCANO AND BUBLE RELATED TO FLOOD

23 AIR POLLUTION IMPACT : CH4 NATURAL GAS 1.METHANE (CH4)  70-90% 2.ETHANE (C2H6)  0-20% REAKSI : CH4 + 2 O2 -  CO2 + 2 H2O CH4 HIGH CONCENTRATION  REACTION TO BE CONTINUE  O2 GAS DICREASED  DYSPNE  ASPHYXIA Reaction EXOTHERMIS  Result High Temperature / EXPLOTION CONSENTRATION 5-15% METHANE (CH4) IN AIR HIGH RISK TO EXPLOTION CH4 as HIDROCARBON ( 1 C dan 4 H )

24 1. ACUTE EFFECT: 1.DYSPNE 2 RESPIRATORY TRACT IRITATION  FROM NOSE TO BRONCHUS 3.COUGH 4.CH4 GAS SUPRESED CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM  CAUSED HEADACHE UNCONCIOUS DISORIENTATION DEATH 5.SKIN IRITATION  SKIN IMFLAMATION/ SKIN REDNEES, ICHING AND NEURITIS/ PARASTHESIA, IF LOW TEMPERATURE  FROSBITE 6.GASTRITIS because of PSYCOGENIC EFFECTS. 2. CHRONIC EFFECT: ESPECIALLY AROMATIC HYDROCARBON  HEMATOPOITIC DISORDER  LEUKEMIA ( HEMATOPOITIC CANCER ).

25 TREND OF DISEASES AT PORONG HEALTH CENTER SUROUNDING MUD VULCANO AREA (2005 - 2007) ®URTI ®NEURITIS ®GASTRITIS ®SKIN INFECTION SOURCE : Government Lapindo Team

26 URTI (Upper Respiratory Tract Infection) CASE COMPARATION AT PORONG AND TULANGAN SUROUNDING MUD VULCANO PORONG 2005 - 2007 URTI AT PORONG URTI AT TULAN GAN YEAR NUMBERNUMBER

27 Hot mud spews from a gas drilling site operated by Indonesian oil and gas exploration company Lapindo Brantas in Sidoarjo, East Java. The mud has spread over more than 127 hectares, threatening human health and ecological disaster, environmentalists say.

28 A military officer helps a little boy when his home is flooded by hot mud blowing out from the location of gas exploration by PT Lapindo Brantas Inc in Porong, East Java. (ANTARA Photo/Hadiyanto/as)

29 IMPACT TO THE ENVIRONMENT SOCIAL  HUMAN RELATIONSHIP  CONFLICT BETWEEN COMMUNITY  TRAOMA TIC SOCIAL

30 BROKEN DOWN OF SIRING DIKE, CITIZEN WILL EVACUATED AND TELEPHONE CABLE BROKEN. PHoto: Doc. suarasurabaya.net

31 IMPACT TO THE ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMY  DICREASES INCOME OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT  LOWERING INCOME OF COMMUNICATION DEPARTMENT  INVESTOR SUFFER LOSSES  PRODUCTION LOST OF WORKER  FAMER SUFFER LOSSES  LAND / HOUSES BURIED BY MUD  MERCHANT AROUND HIGHWAY SUFFER LOSSES  NATIONALLY SUFFER LOSSES BECAUSE OF HIGHWAY BROKEN AND EXPORT ACTIVITIES STOP

32 DISFUNCTION OF HIGHWAY

33 IMPACT TO THE ENVIRONMENTAL CULTURAL  DECREASING CULTURE OF HEALTH BEHAVIOR  LEARNING PROSESS DISTURBED  THE CULTURE OF FINDING INFORMATION VIA MEDIA DECREASED

34 Indonesian villagers carry their belongings after hot mud from an oil and gas exploration operated by local company Lapindo Brantas flooded their area in Sidoarjo of East Java June 29, 2006. The continued flow of hot mud from a gas drilling has spread over more than 127 hectares of lands, could pose a severe threat to human health and create an ecological disaster, activists and experts have warned. REUTERS/Sigit Pamungkas (INDONESIA) 4:40 p.m. ET, 7/12/06

35 PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT * IMPROVEMENT OF ALTERNATIVE ROAD. * IMPROVEMENT OF EVACUATION AREA, INCLUDED :  BUILD PIT PRIVY, SAFE WATER SUPPLYING, IMPROVEMENT OF SANITATION QUALITY ( SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT AND SEWAGE DRAIN * EVACUATION OF FACTORY EQUEPMENT

36 STOPING EFFORT OF MUD VULCANO

37 SOCIAL-ECONOMY- CULTURE  PREPARING TO PERFORM A RELIGIOUS SERVICE  PREPARING FOR INTER PERSONAL RELATIONSHIP TO BE CONDUSIVE  PREVENTION SOCIAL CONFLICT.  COMPENSATION TO COMMUNITY FOR LAND, HOUSE AND OTHER COMMUNITY BELONGING WHICH FLOODING BY HOT MUD.  COMPENSATION TO INDUSTY WHICH FLOODING BY HOT MUD.  HELPING TO EVACUEE ESPECIALLY WHO HAVE HOUSE AND OTHER BELONGING WHICH FLOODING BY HOT MUD.  HELPING TO STUDENT ESPECIALLY TRANSPORTATION  COMFORT THE STUDENTS AND COMMUNITY.

38 HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL SANITATION *TO BUILD SANITATION FACILITIES TO PREVENT “ WATER AND FOOD BORNE DISEASES” (TYPHOID,DYSENTRIE,GASTROINTERITI ANDOR HEPATITIS A) * PREPARING SAFE WATER AT EVACUATION AREA • CONTROL AND WIPED OUT OF VECTOR AT EVACUATION AREA • DOMESTIC SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT • IMUNISATION FOR THE CHIDREN AND YOUNG CHILDREN ( UNDER FIVE) *GIVE FOOD MATERIALS FOR COMMUNITY. *SPECIAL MANAGEMENT FOR THE HIGH RISK POPULATION, SUCH AS :  UNDER FIVE CHILDREN.  CHILDREN AND ADULT WHO HAVE CHRONICAL DISEASE, SUCH AS (BRONCHITIS, ASMA, TBC, DIABET AND HYPER TENTION)  HIGH OF AGE POPULATION ( LANSIA )

39 MENTAL HEALTH REHABILITATION CHILDREN  VOLUNTEER NEEDED FOR INTERTAIN CHILDREN AND UNDER FIVE YEARS OLD TO MAKE STUDENT SELF BELIEF AND PREVENT DEPRESION.  PREPARING FOR TEMPERARY SCHOOL OR RELOCATION OF CLASS ROOM  INTERTAINMENT FOR CHILDREN ( BADUT ) ADULT  INCREASED SOCIAL ACTIVITIES, WORK TOGETHER, AND SELF BELIEF  TO DEVELOP SPIRITUAL ACTIVITIES (PENGAJIAN)

40 PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT - REHABILITATION OF ALTERNATIF ROAD - REHABILITATION OF INFRASTRUCTURE (ELECTRIC AND WATER SUPLY ) - CRASS-PROGRAM INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPED : • VILAGE ROAD • PUBLIC WELL • TRADISIONAL MARKET • VILAGE OFFICE • SCHOOL BUILDING • PRAYER - HOUSE • PUBLIC RESTROOM

41 JANGKA MENENGAH SOCIAL-ECONOMY-CULTURE  INCREASING COMMUNITY SOCIAL CONTAC (REGULAR SOCIAL GATHERING, COLLECTIVE PRAYING, REVIVE TRADITIONAL MARKET  INCREASING TRANSACTION AT THE TRADISIONAL MARKET.  REVIVE LOCAL CULTURE

42 RENOVATION / INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT :  COMMUNITY HOUSING  INFRASTRUCTURE RELATED TO COMMUNITY.  HEALTH FACILITIES  PUBLIC FACILITIES  EDUCATION FACILITIES  HOUSE OF WORSHIP.  MAKE ORGANIZATION THE SIMPLE EMERGENCY RESPONSE.

43 SBY Presiden RI At the evacuation area “ Pasar Baru Porong “, Friday (11/08). Foto: EDDY suarasurabaya.net


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