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Forsvarets forskningsinstitutt Experience from the NATO exercise STRONG RESOLVE 2002 STRONG RESOLVE 2002 (a) The Maritime Component by Richard Olsen, FFI.

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Presentation on theme: "Forsvarets forskningsinstitutt Experience from the NATO exercise STRONG RESOLVE 2002 STRONG RESOLVE 2002 (a) The Maritime Component by Richard Olsen, FFI."— Presentation transcript:

1 Forsvarets forskningsinstitutt Experience from the NATO exercise STRONG RESOLVE 2002 STRONG RESOLVE 2002 (a) The Maritime Component by Richard Olsen, FFI by Richard Olsen, FFI (a) The Land Component by Pål Bjerke, FFI by Pål Bjerke, FFI

2 Forsvarets forskningsinstitutt Experience from the NATO exercise STRONG RESOLVE 2002 STRONG RESOLVE 2002 The Maritime Component by Richard Olsen by Richard Olsen Norwegian Defence Research Establishment

3 Forsvarets forskningsinstitutt NRL Stennis Space Center, MI

4 Forsvarets forskningsinstitutt

5 Forsvarets forskningsinstitutt

6 Forsvarets forskningsinstitutt Temp & Sound Speed

7 Forsvarets forskningsinstitutt Surface Current / Temp. FRONT EDDY

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9 Forsvarets forskningsinstitutt RADARSAT 9 March

10 Forsvarets forskningsinstitutt

11 Forsvarets forskningsinstitutt Future work  Development of tailored METOC data to the Norwegian forces is only just starting.  Will continue to develop analysis and forecast products for direct use in C2I systems (MCCIS, NORCCIS II), electronic chart displays (WECDIS), as well as in support tools such as sonar performance prediction tools (LYBIN).  Closer integration of DNMI and operational HQ will be necessary to meet future requirements for METOC data. Could result in DIANA being available at operational HQ.  Transfers of data from unclassified networks to classified NATO systems remains a challenge – but needs to be resolved if METOC info is to be delivered effectively to deployed units

12 Forsvarets forskningsinstitutt Experience from the NATO exercise STRONG RESOLVE 2002 STRONG RESOLVE 2002 The Land Component by Pål Bjerke by Pål Bjerke Norwegian Defence Research Establishment

13 Forsvarets forskningsinstitutt - Participated in the NATO exercise STRONG RESOLVE 2002 with emphasise on : STRONG RESOLVE 2002 with emphasise on : • QUICKBIRD images (0.7 m resolution) • Resolutions beyond what are available from commercial satellite images (aerial images) commercial satellite images (aerial images) - In 2000/01 satellite images from the 1 meter commercial photo satellite IKONOS was evaluated commercial photo satellite IKONOS was evaluated - FFI has been working with commercial satellite images for military use since 1989 images for military use since 1989 Background

14 Forsvarets forskningsinstitutt NATO exercise ”STRONG RESOLVE 2002” Total exercise area Landpart exercise area

15 Forsvarets forskningsinstitutt Aerial photos aquired for the exercise 0.50 m resolution Each rectangle covers the central part of the land-exercise 0.10 m resolution 0.25 m resolution

16 Forsvarets forskningsinstitutt Comparison of resolution 0.25 m resolution 0.50 m resolution 0.10 m resolution

17 Forsvarets forskningsinstitutt Software for geometric corrections (ERDAS) Image to correct Geometrical reference e. g. a map List of reference positions

18 Forsvarets forskningsinstitutt 3D visualization of terrain A Ortophoto B CD A B Pseudo-colored elevationmodel C Aerial image overlayed elevationmodell D Aerial image overlayed elevationmodell with buildings raised and features colored

19 Forsvarets forskningsinstitutt LANDSAT 32 m resolution © USGS Increased resolution in satellite images (Litsa-fiord on the Kola-peninsula) SPOT 10 m resolution © SPOT Image IKONOS 1 m resolution © SpaceImaging

20 Forsvarets forskningsinstitutt Satellite images taken during the exercise IKONOS 1 m resolution Wednesday March 13. at 11:17 GMT QUICKBIRD 0.7 m resolution Thursday March 14. at 10:47 GMT

21 Forsvarets forskningsinstitutt Situation on Thursday March 14. at 0800 GMT

22 Forsvarets forskningsinstitutt Command post for Spanish batalion IKONOS COMMAND POST TENTS VEHICLES AMERICAN UNIT

23 Forsvarets forskningsinstitutt QUICKBIRD COMMAND POST TENTSVEHICLES AMERICAN UNIT Command post for Spanish batalion

24 Forsvarets forskningsinstitutt QUICKBIRD DEFENCEPOSITION DEFENCEPOSITION 25 cm AERIAL PHOTO From north From south Defence positions for Spanish batalion

25 Forsvarets forskningsinstitutt QUICKBIRDIKONOS German communication post

26 Forsvarets forskningsinstitutt QUICKBIRD CV-90 ? NM-142 ? LEOPARD ? CV-90 ? NM-142 ?

27 Forsvarets forskningsinstitutt QUICKBIRD AmericanLAR (Light armoured reconnaisance) unit Increased dynamic range of 2048 graylevels 2048 graylevels makes it possible to see objects in the shade

28 Forsvarets forskningsinstitutt IKONOS 1 m resolution AERIAL PHOTO 0.5 m resolution AERIAL PHOTO 0.1 m resolution AERIAL PHOTO 0.1 m resolution Recognition through improved resolution

29 Forsvarets forskningsinstitutt Conclusion - Increasing resolution in satellite images from 1 m to 0.7 m does not add significant information. to 0.7 m does not add significant information. - Because of the snow, tracks of almost any activity outside the road were shown in a revealing way. outside the road were shown in a revealing way. - The low sunangel produced long shadows, making singel small objects to appear, and making clusters of objects small objects to appear, and making clusters of objects to vanish in each other shadows. to vanish in each other shadows. - Satellite images and aerial photos are not in much use in Norway for military planning. Probably there are in Norway for military planning. Probably there are personell out there who could gain on that kind of personell out there who could gain on that kind of information. The job is to find them ! information. The job is to find them !


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