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1© Copyright 2013 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. Hur löser vi lagringsutmaningen på effektivast möjliga vis? Markus Eskola Advisory Systems Engineer.

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Presentation on theme: "1© Copyright 2013 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. Hur löser vi lagringsutmaningen på effektivast möjliga vis? Markus Eskola Advisory Systems Engineer."— Presentation transcript:

1 1© Copyright 2013 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. Hur löser vi lagringsutmaningen på effektivast möjliga vis? Markus Eskola Advisory Systems Engineer markus.eskola@emc.com @wimpyfudge wimpyfudge.se

2 2© Copyright 2013 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. Recent IDC Digital Universe Findings By the end of this decade …

3 3© Copyright 2013 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. The EMC Exabyte Journey © Copyright 2013 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved.

4 4 300 PALLETS 8 TRUCKS SOLD INTO ONE WEB SCALE PROVIDER

5 5© Copyright 2013 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. INTEL MULTICORE

6 6© Copyright 2013 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. Dramatic Performance Growth For x86 500% Increase In Database Performance Since 2007 Xeon 7350 4 Cores Xeon X7460 6 Cores Xeon E7-8870 10 Cores Xeon E7-8800 10 Cores Xeon X7650 8 Cores Source: TPC-C Results compiled by EMC with public data. Any difference in System hardware or configuration may affect actual performance. DATABASE TRANSACTIONS PER MINUTE

7 7© Copyright 2013 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. VIRTUALIZATION Source: IDC Server Virtualization MCS, February 2013

8 8© Copyright 2013 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. The CPU to HDD Performance Gap CPU Improves 100 times Every Decade – Disk Speed Hasn’t 100 times improved 10,000 times improved 200020102020 MOORE’S LAW CPU continue to improve while disk drive performance remains flat. As a result, applications will increasingly be IO-bound unless we rapidly move to FLASH. 100X PER DECADE

9 9© Copyright 2013 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. Why Disk Aggregation is Losing Steam Moore’s Law drives the escalating need for IO transactions ? We are Here Host Drives

10 10© Copyright 2013 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. The CPU to HDD Performance Gap CPU Improves 100 times Every Decade – Disk Speed Hasn’t 100 times improved 10,000 times improved 200020102020 MOORE’S LAW CPU continue to improve while disk drive performance remains flat. As a result, applications will increasingly be IO-bound unless we rapidly move to FLASH. 100X PER DECADE

11 11© Copyright 2013 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. Anatomy of an Enterprise FLASH Drive Designed for Reliability, Data Integrity and Performance SLC NAND FLASH DRAM End to End CRC Controller SAS or SATA ports

12 12© Copyright 2013 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. Storage System Design is Book-ended by Opposite Technologies FLASH Transformed Storage SSD 15K HDD NL HDD LOWEST $/IO SSD $.99/IO LOWEST $/GB NL-HDD $.43/GB

13 13© Copyright 2013 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. Comparing Associated Costs Which Technology is The Most Efficient? Lowest Transaction Cost Lowest Capacity Cost

14 14© Copyright 2013 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. Hot or lazy? 80/20

15 15© Copyright 2013 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. 2,500 TB Data grows, majority will be cold We can’t delete information but we can store it better… 2012 2022 50 TB HotWarmCold What has your 50 TB become in 10 years? 50 X

16 16© Copyright 2013 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. Basics of autotiering… Addresses Physical Disks We see COLD spots, too… We See HOT Spots...

17 17© Copyright 2013 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. Examples of IO Skew Driven by Data Growth and Business Models Very High Skew Growth: 60% Days Hot: 10 1% of data = 80% of IO High Skew Growth: 100% Days Hot: 30 4.2% of data = 80% of IO Low Skew Growth: 50% Days Hot: 90 8.2% of data = 80% of IO Std. Skew Growth: 50% Days Hot: 60 5.5% of data = 80% of IO

18 18© Copyright 2013 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. •30% More Performance •80% Less Footprint •20% Lower Costs •40% More Performance •60% Less Footprint •15% Lower Costs •20% More Performance •50% Less Footprint •Same Costs Autotiering effects Heavy Skew 95% of IO on 5% of data ~12% of workloads EFD 3% FC 0 0 SATA 97% FAST Policy 1

19 19© Copyright 2013 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. 64K FAST Virtual Pool FAST Cache NL-HDDHDDSSD 1G FAST Cache, FAST VP + File & Block Autotiering implementation 16,384 times more granular SAS LUNs LUNs NFS/CIFSNAS Volumes

20 20© Copyright 2013 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. VNX5500 32 TB Usable. 50% Y/Y Growth. 60 Days Data Shelf-life. FLASH Usage Example

21 21© Copyright 2013 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. VNX5300 30 200GB SSDs 16 600GB 15K SAS 24 3TB NL-SAS VNX5500 32 TB Usable. 50% Y/Y Growth. 60 Days Data Shelf-life. FLASH Usage Example FAST Cache & FAST VP

22 22© Copyright 2013 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. 32 TB Usable. 50% Y/Y Growth. 60 Days Data Shelf-life. FLASH Usage Example Footprint PowerIOPS 33K 3,938W45 RU VNX5300 30 200GB SSDs 16 600GB 15K SAS 24 3TB NL-SAS FAST Cache & FAST VP 18 RU 990W 74K

23 23© Copyright 2013 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. Autotiering effects in numbers…

24 24© Copyright 2013 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. Using storage related metrics Example  500 TB usable capacity  220 000 IOPS performance requirement  “Default” IO skew

25 25© Copyright 2013 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. Monotype diskarray  6 Engine VMAX 40K w/ 1480 x 600 GB drives

26 26© Copyright 2013 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. Physicals Monotype diskarray (cont)  Power consumption: 39 kVA  Heat dissipation: 123 800 BTU/h  Weight: 8 175kg  Area:6,5 m 2

27 27© Copyright 2013 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. Autotiered diskarray  “Default” data skew: –2% flash –18% FC –80% SATA  4 Engine VMAX 40K –w/ 934 drives total

28 28© Copyright 2013 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. Autotiered diskarray (cont)  Power consumption: 22,12 kVA  Heat dissipation: 69 400 BTU/h  Weight: 4 883 kg  Area:4 m 2

29 29© Copyright 2013 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. Result comparisson Monotype vs autotiered MetricMonotypeAutotieredDifference Power consumption 39,6 kVA23,2 kVA17,48 kVA Heat126 400 BTU/h73 800 BTU/h57 000 BTU/h Area6,5 m 2 4 m 2 2,5 m 2 Weight8 156 kg4 979 kg3 273 kg Performance222 000 IOPS214 530 IOPS-17 260 IOPS Spindles1481934636

30 30© Copyright 2013 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. 2,500 TB Data grows, majority will be cold We can’t delete information but we can store it better… 2012 2022 50 TB HotWarmCold 50 X

31 31© Copyright 2013 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. Upgrades over time Monotype vs autotiered  Upgrade example: 200 TB usable  Fastest growing category is cold –Monotype requires 444 drives –Autotiered requires 133 capacity drives

32 32© Copyright 2013 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. Monotype vs Autotiered Upgraded MetricMonotypeAutotieredDifference Power consumption 49,7 kVA26,8 kVA22,9 kVA Heat158 300BTU/h84 100 BTU/h74 200 BTU/h Weight10 290 kg6 108kg4 182 kg Spindles19251 067858 Area8,1 m 2 5,8 m 2 2,3 m 2

33 33© Copyright 2013 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. Or…

34 34© Copyright 2013 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. Trends…

35 35© Copyright 2013 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. Two major long term trends appearing… Web-scale • Scale-out storage • File • Object • Block Flash everywhere • Flash in: • Servers • AFA • Arrays

36 36© Copyright 2013 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. Copies are the new RAID (Scale-out)  Scale-Out storage –Requires multiple copies of data for availability –Geographic dispersion requires even more

37 37© Copyright 2013 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. Up to 600TB FLASH ALL FLASH 1M IOPS 500K IOPS

38 38© Copyright 2013 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. Summary

39 39© Copyright 2013 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. The CPU to HDD Performance Gap CPU Improves 100 times Every Decade – Disk Speed Hasn’t 100 times improved 10,000 times improved 200020102020 MOORE’S LAW CPU continue to improve while disk drive performance remains flat. As a result, applications will increasingly be IO-bound unless we rapidly move to FLASH. 100X PER DECADE

40 40© Copyright 2013 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. Why Disk Aggregation is Losing Steam Moore’s Law drives the escalating need for IO transactions ? We are Here Host Drives

41 41© Copyright 2013 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. The CPU to HDD Performance Gap CPU Improves 100 times Every Decade – Disk Speed Hasn’t 100 times improved 10,000 times improved 200020102020 MOORE’S LAW CPU continue to improve while disk drive performance remains flat. As a result, applications will increasingly be IO-bound unless we rapidly move to FLASH. 100X PER DECADE

42 42© Copyright 2013 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. Today’s Compute Hierarchy Right data. Right Place. Right Cost. Multi-Core/Socket CPUs −pS latency DDR4 - 4.266GHz RAM −7 to 200nS latency 200GB FLASH SSDs −20 to 320 uS latency 3TB HDDs −7 to 34 mS latency pS nS uS mS FAST Cache FAST Virtual Pools

43 43© Copyright 2013 EMC Corporation. All rights reserved. FAST + Deduplication = Lowest $/GB Compounded Efficiencies 86% lower cost 83% smaller footprint 50% lower cost

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