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National Research Council Roma, January 16, 2009 Science and technology in Italy Giorgio Sirilli

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Presentation on theme: "National Research Council Roma, January 16, 2009 Science and technology in Italy Giorgio Sirilli"— Presentation transcript:

1 National Research Council Roma, January 16, 2009 Science and technology in Italy Giorgio Sirilli giorgio.sirilli@cnr.it giorgio.sirilli@cnr.it

2 Some general comments Italys science and technology: a long history The relationshiop between R&D and innovation A large country (60 million population) Europe is important Uneven distribution of R&D and innovation A complex system with no comprehensive strategy Italy is a market economy The weakness of the private sector The innovation models R&D policy R&D evaluation

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7 Regions and industrial districts in Italy

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9 Ministry of Research (MIUIR)

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11 Major R&D agencies and organisations National Research Council, Cnr (8,800) Agency for New technologies, Energy, Environment, Enea (3,200) National Institute of Neuclear Physics, Infn (2,000) National Statistical Institute, Istat (2,600) Higher health Institute, Iss (2,000) Experimental Stations of the ministries of industry and agriculture (1,250) Astronomic Observatories (800) Institute for the training of workers, Isfol (700) Health institutions (Research hospitals) (5,400)

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16 The zoological metaphor of the Italian economy the hornetthe leopard

17 Business enterprise R&D About 2,400 enterprises R&D expenditure: 8,210 milion euro in 2006 Specialisation model Dimensional structure Territorial dimension

18 Business R&D expenditure by source of funds - 2005

19 R&D financing and performance in Italy 2004 (million euro)

20 Innovating firms receiving public funding

21 The Innovation, growth, employment Plan (PICO) Priority Financial allocatio ns until 2005 (mln Euro) Financial allocations in the period 2006-2008 (mln Euro) New PICO funds (mln Euro) Total (mln Euro ) Widening citizens and firms free choices599,6217,41.322,82.139,8 R&D and technological innovation4.333,6903,04.088,39.324,9 Human capital training956,4193,4407,21.557,0 Intangible and physical infrastructure23.645,42.503,05.236,131.384,5 Environment352,916,51.717,02.086,4 Totale29.887,93.833,312.771,446.492,6

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23 Innovation expenditure – Italy

24 da fuori a dentro limpresa da dentro a fuori dellimpresa Direct subsidies and tax incentives 2000 and 2006

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26 Public support to innovation in firms to ideas, knoledge from money

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