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„Fiat Panis” Future Challenges in the Hungarian Agriculture __________________________________________________ S. Benedek Szent István University Department.

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Presentation on theme: "„Fiat Panis” Future Challenges in the Hungarian Agriculture __________________________________________________ S. Benedek Szent István University Department."— Presentation transcript:

1 „Fiat Panis” Future Challenges in the Hungarian Agriculture __________________________________________________ S. Benedek Szent István University Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry SZENT ISTVÁN UNIVERSITY – GÖDÖLLŐ ERASMUS-IP, 20 June – 3 July, 2010

2 Pld. 2. Eurostat, 2009, in: Pop, 2010 l Economical output of the agro-food-industry in the EU-27 (2008), %

3 Structure of Hungarian agriculture (KSH, 2005) Total area93034 km 2 Agricultural area60484 km 2 Grassland 1037 km 2 Perennial crops 3440 km 2 Agricultural farms pc. Cereals ha 69,1 % Wheat ha 27,9 % Maize ha 28,4 % Sonflower ha 12,2 %

4 Some important economic characteristics (Kapronczai & Udovecz, 2009) ParameterValue = 100% Arbale land1000 ha ,8 Fruit plantation1000 ha ,3 Grape planation1000 ha ,9 Forest1000 ha ,7 Not used agricultural area 1000 ha ,0 Cattle1000 pc ,0 Pig1000 pc ,4 Poultry1000 pc ,2 Word-export %0,720,5880,6 World-import %0,230,29126,1

5 Efficiency of agriculture production (AKI) Hungary

6 Soil map of Hungary

7 1000 t nutrient year Fertilizer consumption in Hungary

8 Humus-content, % in soils of Hungary (1987) < 1,001,01-2,002,01-3,003,01-4,00> 4,01 Area, 1000 ha4, Area, %13,429,733,118,85,0 P-content, AL-P 2 O 5 mg/kg in soils of Hungary (1987) < > 400 Area, 1000 ha Area, %10,224,740,516,95,81,9 K-content, AL-K 2 O mg/kg in soils of Hungary (1987 ) < > 500 Area, 1000 ha Area, %8,032,630,617,210,11,5

9 Nutrient balance in Hungary (kg/ha agricultural area) year N-balance (N) P-balance (P 2 O 5 ) K-balance (K 2 O)

10 Average yields (KSH data) years maize wheat

11 Farm structure Ll

12 Some pictures from the practical point of view…

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18 Thank you for your attention!


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