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„Fiat Panis” Future Challenges in the Hungarian Agriculture __________________________________________________ S. Benedek Szent István University Department.

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Presentation on theme: "„Fiat Panis” Future Challenges in the Hungarian Agriculture __________________________________________________ S. Benedek Szent István University Department."— Presentation transcript:

1 „Fiat Panis” Future Challenges in the Hungarian Agriculture __________________________________________________ S. Benedek Szent István University Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry E-mail: Benedek.Szilveszter@hok.szie.hu SZENT ISTVÁN UNIVERSITY – GÖDÖLLŐ ERASMUS-IP, 20 June – 3 July, 2010

2 Pld. 2. Eurostat, 2009, in: Pop, 2010 l Economical output of the agro-food-industry in the EU-27 (2008), %

3 Structure of Hungarian agriculture (KSH, 2005) Total area93034 km 2 Agricultural area60484 km 2 Grassland 1037 km 2 Perennial crops 3440 km 2 Agricultural farms714804 pc. Cereals 2.934.000 ha 69,1 % Wheat 1.131.000 ha 27,9 % Maize 1.198.000 ha 28,4 % Sonflower511.000 ha 12,2 %

4 Some important economic characteristics (Kapronczai & Udovecz, 2009) ParameterValue199020031990= 100% Arbale land1000 ha 4 713 4 516 95,8 Fruit plantation1000 ha 95101106,3 Grape planation1000 ha 1399366,9 Forest1000 ha 1 695 1 775 104,7 Not used agricultural area 1000 ha 1 068 1 570 147,0 Cattle1000 pc 1 571 73947,0 Pig1000 pc 8 000 4 913 61,4 Poultry1000 pc 31 121 24 637 79,2 Word-export %0,720,5880,6 World-import %0,230,29126,1

5 Efficiency of agriculture production (AKI) Hungary

6 Soil map of Hungary

7 1000 t nutrient year Fertilizer consumption in Hungary

8 Humus-content, % in soils of Hungary (1987) < 1,001,01-2,002,01-3,003,01-4,00> 4,01 Area, 1000 ha4,6110231138644175 Area, %13,429,733,118,85,0 P-content, AL-P 2 O 5 mg/kg in soils of Hungary (1987) < 5051-100101-200201-300301-400> 400 Area, 1000 ha352849139258219866 Area, %10,224,740,516,95,81,9 K-content, AL-K 2 O mg/kg in soils of Hungary (1987 ) < 100101-200201-300301-400401-500> 500 Area, 1000 ha2741124105059434852 Area, %8,032,630,617,210,11,5

9 Nutrient balance in Hungary (kg/ha agricultural area) year200120022003200420052006 N-balance (N)-9817-17-15-8 P-balance (P 2 O 5 )-10-51-12 -9 K-balance (K 2 O)-14-61-16-13-9

10 Average yields (KSH data) years maize wheat

11 Farm structure Ll

12 Some pictures from the practical point of view…

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18 Thank you for your attention!


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