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Thailand’s Science Technology and Innovation Policy Pichet Durongkaveroj Secretary General National Science Technology and Innovation Policy Office, Thailand.

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Presentation on theme: "Thailand’s Science Technology and Innovation Policy Pichet Durongkaveroj Secretary General National Science Technology and Innovation Policy Office, Thailand."— Presentation transcript:

1 Thailand’s Science Technology and Innovation Policy Pichet Durongkaveroj Secretary General National Science Technology and Innovation Policy Office, Thailand

2 Thailand at a glance • An upper middle income and 2 nd largest economy in ASEAN after Indonesia • Total population of 69.5 million in 2012 • World’s Top 3 rice exporter • World’s Top 5 sugar exporter • World’s largest natural rubber producer and exporter • World’s top chicken meat exporter • World’s 2 nd largest hard-disk drive exporter after China • Auto manufacturing hub of Southeast Asia Competitiveness ranking: • 18 th (from 185) in Ease of Doing Business 2013 • 38 th (from 144) in Global Competitiveness Report by World Economic Forum • 30 th (from 59) in IMD World Competitiveness Rankings

3 Notes :2012 Statistics 1.There were 0.3% of the enterprises whose information on size was unavailable. 2.GDP of agricultural sector was included. 3.There were 2.2% of the export transactions whose information on the exporters’ size was unavailable. 4.1 USD = 31 Baht 5. LEs were included their diversification enterprises (12% GDP) Notes :2012 Statistics 1.There were 0.3% of the enterprises whose information on size was unavailable. 2.GDP of agricultural sector was included. 3.There were 2.2% of the export transactions whose information on the exporters’ size was unavailable. 4.1 USD = 31 Baht 5. LEs were included their diversification enterprises (12% GDP) Employment (Persons) Total 2,875,495 (10.80%) 2,875,495 (10.80%) No. of Enterprises ( Enterprise s ) 4,614 (0.06%) 4,614 (0.06%) 2,848,256 (35.83%) 3,432, (65.04%) 1,844, (34.96%) 1,844, (34.96%) GDP (Million Baht) 5,502,676 (55.75%) 3,503,340 (35.50%) Exports (Million Baht) 5,276, ,869,498 26,635,183 7,950,410 Thailand Economic Profile 5,097,540 (64.12%) 9,129,747 (34.28%) 14,629,941 (54.93%) 14,629,941 (54.93%) 863, (8.75%) LES SMEs Micro SMEs Micro Agriculture 3

4 Policy & Institutional Framework

5 Thailand’s Strategy 2013 New Growth Model Improving internal process Getting out of the middle- income trap Increasing Environ- mental friendliness Reducing social disparity Economic Growth & Competitiveness Green Growth Inclusive Growth Better governance and public management Human security, human development and quality of life Improved infrastructure, R&D, and productivity Streamlined Rules & Regulations 5 Source: National Economic and Social Development Board, Thailand

6 National Average excluding Bangkok = 12,045 baht GDP per Capita (1000 baht/head/month) 20 provinces are above national average 56 provinces are below national average Demand –based Policy Making for Inclusiveness Source: The Government House Kampangpet Province 6

7 Benchmarking for Strategic Alignment Kampangpet Province National Average (excluding Bangkok) =100% Growth & Competitiveness Inclusive Growth Green Growth Government Efficiency Source: The Government House 7

8 Thailand’s Strategy 2013 Strategic Issues 1. Agriculture 2. Industry 3. Tourism and services 4. Infrastructure 5. Energy 6. Regional integration 7. Competitiveness 1. Education 2. Public health 3. Social welfare for all 4. Promotion of community enterprises and SMEs 5. Labor protection 6. Social justice 7. Anti-corruption measures 1.Eco-industry towns 2.Reduction of GHG emission 3.Environmental fiscal policy 4.Rehabilitation of natural resources and water resource management 5.Climate change adaptation and mitigation 1. Legal reform 2. Civil service restructuring 3. Public-sector HRD 4. Tax restructuring 5. Budgeting reform 6. Government asset utilization 7. Peace & security in the southern border provinces 8. Political reform ECONOMIC GROWTH & COMPETITIVENESS INCLUSIVE GROWTH GREEN GROWTH INTERNAL PROCESS 8. Research & Development 8.1 Raise R&D expenditure to 1% of GDP 8.2 Promote talent mobility and S&T human resource development 8.3 Development of regional science parks Source: National Economic and Social Development Board, Thailand 8

9 National Science, Technology and Innovation Policy Committee Minister of Agriculture and Cooperatives Minister of Commerce Members of the Committee Minister of Information & Communication Technology Minister of Education Minister of Public Health Chairman, National Research Council Executive Board 11 independent experts Secretary (Permanent Secretary for Science and Technology) Assistant Secretary (Secretary-General of STI) Minister of Science and Technology Minister of Industry Chair Vice-Chair Prime Minister 9

10 10 Agencies under Ministry of Science and Technology Office of the Minister National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA) National Synchrotron Research Center (NSRC) Ministry of Science and Technology Department of Science Service (DSS) Office of the Permanent Secretary Thailand Institute of Scientific and Technological Research (TISTR) Office of Atoms for Peace (OAP) National Science Museum (NSM) National Institute Of Metrology Thailand (NIMT) Geo-Informatics and Space Technology Development Agency (GISTDA) National Innovation Agency (NIA) National Astronomical Research Institute of Thailand (NARIT) Thailand Institute of Nuclear Technology (TINT) National Science Technology and Innovation Policy Office (STI) Hydro and Agro Informatics Institute (HAII) Thailand Center of Excellence for Life Sciences (TCELS)

11 The National Science Technology and Innovation Policy and Plan • Provide national direction for the next 10 years with periodic adjustments • Identify Focuses and Balance between Economic and Social Development and Context for Thailand • Preparedness for Future Changes that will have major impacts to Thai Society • Plan derived from Intensive and Widespread Public & Stakeholders Participatory Process with Implementation Strategies Incorporated • First Time “INNOVATION” is systematically introduced • Address STI for development and development of STI Source: National Science Technology and Innovation Policy Office, Thailand STI Regionalism (ASEAN+) Green Innovation Energy & Environment Demographic & Social Changes Quality Society Sustainable Economy Competition & Economic Integration Ageing SocietyDecentralization Energy Security Climate Change Natural Resource Management Technological Changes Creativity Platform Eco Production & Services Social & Cultural Mobilization 11

12 The National Science Technology and Innovation Policy and Plan Source: National Science Technology and Innovation Policy Office, Thailand 5 Strategic Action Agenda 2.Enhancing Economic Competitiveness and Flexibility 1.Empowering Society and Local Communities 5.Promoting and Supporting the Development of STI Infrastructure and Enabling Factors 5.Promoting and Supporting the Development of STI Infrastructure and Enabling Factors 4.Developing and Enhancing STI Human Capital 3.Ensuring Energy, Resource and Environment Security Green Innovation for Quality Society and Sustainable Economic Growth Green Innovation for Quality Society and Sustainable Economic Growth Rice and Rice Products Rice and Rice Products Bio-based Energy Rubber and Rubber Products Processed Food Electrical and Electronics Automotive & Parts Plastics & Petro - chemicals Fashion (Textiles, Jewelry, Leather) Value- added Tourism Logistics and Rails Construc- tions and Related Services Creative &Digital Contents Sustainable Economy 12 Target Economic Sectors Quality Society 12

13 2021: 2% 2016: 1% (2021) 25:10,000 (2016) 15:10, :30 STI Investment Targets Source: National Science Technology and Innovation Policy Office Thailand Status in 2012  R&D Exp = 21,493 MB  R&D Exp : Gov : Private =13,318:8,175 MB  R&D Personnel = 57,220 (man-year) 13

14 Top 10 Private Sector R&D Investment, 2013 Chemical 3,630 mil baht Others 1,862 mil baht Textile 423 mil baht Transport and Logistics 449 mil baht Electronics 722 mil baht Minerals 794 mil baht Auto 920 mil baht Electricity, Gas and Water Services 970 mil baht Rubber and Plastic 1,125 mil baht Machinery 1,361 mil baht Petroleum 1,553 mil baht Food 2,375 mil baht Source: R&D Survey, National Science Technology and Innovation Policy Office,

15 Private R&D Centers Private Innovation Districts Regional Science and Technology Parks Systems Physical/ Institutional Infrastructures Strategic Sectors R&D Tax Deduction Young Ph.D. Reverse Internship Income Contingent Loan Researcher’s Income Tax Exemption Industrial M.Sc./Ph.D. Infra- structure System Manpower System Research System Mechanisms/ Measures/ Schemes Key Measures to Promote Innovation Climate Change and Water Fiscal/ Financial System THAIST Matching Grants/ Equity Financing Gov’t Procurement /Mega- Projects Rail System Hi-Value- Added Industries Energy Food Agriculture Source: National Science Technology and Innovation Policy Office IP and Technology Transfer System

16 Phase II: accelerating industry competitiveness through S&T (end of 2013 onwards) • Prioritized on 2 Innovation Clusters: Food and Automotive Parts, • Approx. 5,000 public & private personnels, • Est. 200 tenant companies. Phase III: inducing knowledge- based economy in the surrounding area. Thailand Science Park : Accelerating Innovation 3 Development Phases: Phase I: creating critical mass on R&D activities and S&T services ( ) • Over 3,000 public & private personnels, • Approx. 9% of Thailand R&D spending, • 60+ tenant companies, 1/3 are internationals. 16

17 Thailand Science Parks Network Thailand Science Park Headquarter of NSTDA and 4 National Researcher Centers Northern Science Park: (1) Chiang Mai University (2) Maejo University (3) Naresuan University (4) Mae Fah Luang University North Eastern Science Park: (1) Khon Kaen University (2) Suranaree University of Technology (3) Maha Sarakham University (4) Ubon Ratchathani University Southern Science Park: (1) Prince of Songkla University (2) Walailak University Eastern Science Park (in the-set-up) (1) GISTDA (2) Burapha University Northern 1. Agriculture & Food Processing 2. IT Software & Digital Content 3. Medical / Health Science/Biotechnology North Eastern 1.Agriculture & Food Processing 2.Hard disk drive, Enterprise software, Embedded software 3.Mining Industries and Alternative Energy Southern 1. Food/Agriculture 2. Proactive Medicine -Herb, Cosmetic Thailand Science Park 1.Auto Parts 2.Organic Printed Electronics 3.Food & Feed 4.Nano-cosmeceutical 17

18 Little Scientist House (HRH Sirindhorn Foundation, OBEC, NSTDA, IPST., NSM., Nanmee) EBL (IPST) Brain- based Learning (OKMD) EBL (IPST) Science Classroom (OBEC/IPST/MOST /POSN) Olympiad (OBEC, IPST., POSN.) DPST (IPST) Chulabhorn MWIT SBTS (OVEC) WiL WiL (OHEC, STI, KMUTNB, KMUTT, OVEC) RGI., RRI. (TRF) PSMT (IPST) ODOS (MoE) JSTP (NSTDA) Coaching (TYSA) THAIST (STI) TGIST (NSTDA) Co-STRD (MOST) KNIT - STOU - NFE - On the job training - Promotion tie in with mastery - Commercial Package Training - Employer Approval Talent Mobility (STI) Training (OKMD) Graduate Program (TISTR+Uni) Science Scholars (MOST, OHEC) UBI (OHEC) Children’s University (NSTDA) SCiUS (MOST) STEM Education YSTP (NSTDA) Learning MethodEnrichment/MentoringSpecialty SchoolsClass in SchoolScholarship Programme Enabling SystemFormal Education/OthersLife-long Learning/Training Gifted Classroom (IPST) S&M Talent (IPST) Technology Curriculum (IPST) Technology Teacher Curriculum (IPST) Childhood SMT (IPST) 18 STI HR Development Programmes 18

19 To facilitate the mobility of researchers in governmental agencies and higher education institutions to industrial sector. Talent Mobility Programme19 Government Industry University/ Research Institution University/ Research Institution Industry reimburses university* Tax incentives • BOI STI-tax • MoL 200% corp. tax • RD 200% corp. tax Talent Mobility Committee • Project certification • Promotion/support STI Office coordinating roles: • Demand-Supply database keeping • Pushing for enabling regulations • Matching events The Cabinet approved talent mobility to be a key performance indicator of universities and research institutions Regulation reforms needed to encourage mobility • Continuing tenure • Academic promotion * SMEs are exempt from reimbursement through MOST subsidy

20 Funding Agency University Research Institute Private Company TTO in university or research institute Private Firm (old and new) TAX Revenue Market Financial Support for translational research Proof of concept Proto type Pilot Produc tion Mass production Government Fund New products, New services, New jobs, New companies Conventional funding for basic and applied research IP Creation, Registration and Licensing Royalty income Very risky and costly Need supports and tools such as incubation, grants, matching grants, soft loan, loan Write-off mechanism for funding agencies IP ownership Development of Innovation System through IP Management

21 PolicyMeasure 1. Clear Policy on Gov. funded IP Ownership  Funding recipient, who proves to have TT capability, is entitled to retain IP ownership of the government sponsored research results. 2. Reform of IP Registration System  Department of Intellectual Property (DIP) is entitled to retain IP registration fees as well as to have greater management flexibilities to overcome its backlogs and improve the overall registration system 3. Financial and tax incentive to promote IP Commercialization 3.1 Financial support for SMEs in the form of grant or matching funds for scaling up of R&D commercialization (From Lab to Market) 3.2 Tax benefit for the company’s expense on royalty fees paid for University’s IP licenses. 4. Strengthening TT organizations and professionals • Setting up a TTO Consortium and giving them enough resources to build technology transfer capabilities for TTO personnel 21

22 Different Dimensions of Innovation in Thailand • Education • Community Development • Healthcare System

23 Dragon Bridge • 3 main focuses: Education, Development, and Social Enterprise. • Tuition fee is paid by doing good deeds to the communities 400 hours and planting 400 trees • Students are parts of all committees: procurement, school management, teacher selection & evaluation, etc. • School is off during rice growing season to help the family • Students learn IT/computer at school and teach others. • Collaborating with people in the community in establishing co- business. Source: Meechai Viravaidya Foundation Mechai Pattana School Lifelong Education & Development Center for all Education Bamboo Dome Buffalo Gate 23

24 • SBTS is national vocational schools for gifted and talented students who have developed skills in invention and technology. • Project-Based approach • The aim is to develop students to become the technologist or innovator in the future. Science-based Technology Schools: SBTS Education Suranaree Technical College, (Science Based Industrial Technology) Phang-nga Technical College, (Innovation in Tourism) Lamphun College of Agricuture and Technology, (Agricultural Biotechnology) Singburi Vocational College,(Food Technology) Science Based Technology Vocational College (Chonburi), (Science Based Industrial Technology) Source: National Science Technology and Innovation Policy Office 24

25 • A nationwide sustainable development initiative launched by the Thai government in • It aims to promote the unique products made by local communities, by utilizing their indigenous skills and craftsmanship combined with available natural resources and raw materials. One Tambon One Product: OTOP Community Development Source: Community Development Department, Ministry of Interior 25

26 Industrial Technology Assistance Program: iTAP Investigate technological problem Matching supply of & demand for technology Technological consultancy service Joint R&D S&T Acquisition Program (Local & Overseas) Training/ Workshop Attach local expert to overseas expert, help technology transfer to firms and universities Funding subsidies 50:50 Funding subsidies 50:50 • More than 3,000 technology development& innovation projects since 2006 • 10 regional nodes linking with local universities and science parks with 50 project managers 26 Source: iTAP, NSTDA Community Development

27 • Initiated by the Ministry of Science and Technology • More than 200 communities/villages across the countries • R&D and Technology Transfer Program for Community & Local Development Innovative Communities and Science Villages Community Development Source: Ministry of Science and Technology 27

28 Source: R&D and Technology Transfer Cluster for Local Community Development and Underprivileged, NSTDA Objective: To promote and support the reinforcement of scientific and technological skills especially information technology skills of instructors and secondary students Role: 1) Develop HR 2) Create Jobs 3) Promote Collaboration Examples of Activities: Mae Hong Son IT Valley Organization: University - KMUTT Research Institute – NSTDA (BIOTEC NECTEC) e-Learning System WIMAX Thai-Japan Install WiMAX (wireless communications) in order to promote long distance learning Learn Square is Opensource e-learning Management System Organize training workshops on Learning Media for teachers. On-line Program for Cultural Exchange between Thailand and Japan 28

29 • Strawberry - $10,000 / year / 10 people • Tomato - $333 / year • Macademia - $5,000 / year Organization •2 nd Army •NSTDA •KMUTT •KKU •NU •Etc. Agriculture and Community Level, Loei Technology Transfer GHP Training Promote Community Enterprise Learning Center for Children • Revolving Fund from Selling Products $43,333 / year • Dividend $1,000/year/family • Create Jobs $333/year Income $2,000 / year Create jobs and Promote farmers’ learning Promote children’s learning Learn from Community Promote Science Learning from Local Careers Source: R&D and Technology Transfer Cluster for Local Community Development and Underprivileged, NSTDA •Science Camp 4 times/year (250 participants) 29

30 By product Fertilizer OUTPUT Biogas INPUT Cow feces, Organic waste Biogas Digester Storage Cost reduction: 8000 Baht (270$)  3000 Baht (100 $) From Agriculture Waste to Energy at KHAONOI VILLAGE, From Agriculture Waste to Energy at KHAONOI VILLAGE, PHITSANULOK

31 • National Health Security Act 2002 • Universal health care is provided through three programs: 1.Civil service welfare system for civil servants and their families 2.Social Security for private employees 3.Universal Health Coverage to all other Thai nationals. • Expand health protection coverage to 99.5% of the population Universal Health Coverage Healthcare System Source: Ministry of Health 31

32 • Volunteers from the local communities • Promote health awareness in the community • Use of tablet computers to collect health information of the villagers Village Health Volunteer Healthcare System Source: Ministry of Health32

33 Central Government Decentralization for Inclusiveness Regional Administration Local Administration ProvinceDistrict Ministry Bureau Department Source: Ministry of Interior  Infrastructure Development  Public Services  Healthcare Promotion  Safety and Security  Investment Promotion  Management of Natural Resources and Environment 33

34 Institutional Framework Approaches for Inclusive Innovation ProgramTop down Bottom up Social Enterprise Public Private Partner- ship Triple Helix Meechai Pattana School SBTS OTOP iTAP Innovative Communities and Science Villages Universal Health Coverage Village Health Volunteer 34

35 National Science Technology and Innovation Policy Office 319 ChamChuri Square Building 14 th Fl., Phayathai Rd., Patumwan, Bangkok 10300, Thailand Tel: Fax: Thank you for your attention.


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