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Thailand’s Science Technology and

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1 Thailand’s Science Technology and
Innovation Policy Pichet Durongkaveroj Secretary General National Science Technology and Innovation Policy Office, Thailand

2 Thailand at a glance 2 Competitiveness ranking:
An upper middle income and 2nd largest economy in ASEAN after Indonesia Total population of 69.5 million in 2012 World’s Top 3 rice exporter World’s Top 5 sugar exporter World’s largest natural rubber producer and exporter World’s top chicken meat exporter World’s 2nd largest hard-disk drive exporter after China Auto manufacturing hub of Southeast Asia Competitiveness ranking: 18th (from 185) in Ease of Doing Business 2013 38th (from 144) in Global Competitiveness Report by World Economic Forum 30th (from 59) in IMD World Competitiveness Rankings 2012 2

3 Thailand Economic Profile
No. of Enterprises (Enterprises) Employment (Persons) GDP (Million Baht) Exports (Million Baht) LES 4,614 (0.06%) 2,875,495 (10.80%) 5,502,676 (55.75%) 3,432, (65.04%) SMEs Micro 2,848,256 (35.83%) 9,129,747 (34.28%) Agriculture 5,097,540 (64.12%) 14,629,941 (54.93%) 3,503,340 (35.50%) 1,844,433.36 (34.96%) 863, (8.75%) Total 7,950,410 26,635,183 9,869,498 5,276,439.52 Notes :2012 Statistics There were 0.3% of the enterprises whose information on size was unavailable. GDP of agricultural sector was included. There were 2.2% of the export transactions whose information on the exporters’ size was unavailable. 1 USD = 31 Baht LEs were included their diversification enterprises (12% GDP) 3

4 Policy & Institutional Framework

5 Thailand’s Strategy 2013 5 New Growth Model
Getting out of the middle-income trap Economic Growth & Competitiveness Improved infrastructure, R&D, and productivity Human security, human development and quality of life Improving internal process Better governance and public management Inclusive Growth Increasing Environ-mental friendliness Green Growth Reducing social disparity Streamlined Rules & Regulations 5 Source: National Economic and Social Development Board, Thailand

6 Demand –based Policy Making for Inclusiveness
National Average excluding Bangkok = 12,045 baht GDP per Capita (1000 baht/head/month) 20 provinces are above national average 56 provinces are below national average Kampangpet Province 6 Source: The Government House

7 Benchmarking for Strategic Alignment
Kampangpet Province National Average (excluding Bangkok) =100% Growth & Competitiveness Inclusive Growth Green Growth Government Efficiency 7 Source: The Government House

Thailand’s Strategy 2013 Strategic Issues ECONOMIC GROWTH & COMPETITIVENESS INCLUSIVE GROWTH GREEN GROWTH INTERNAL PROCESS Agriculture Industry Tourism and services Infrastructure Energy Regional integration Competitiveness Education Public health Social welfare for all Promotion of community enterprises and SMEs Labor protection Social justice Anti-corruption measures Eco-industry towns Reduction of GHG emission Environmental fiscal policy Rehabilitation of natural resources and water resource management Climate change adaptation and mitigation Legal reform Civil service restructuring Public-sector HRD Tax restructuring Budgeting reform Government asset utilization Peace & security in the southern border provinces Political reform 8. Research & Development 8.1 Raise R&D expenditure to 1% of GDP 8.2 Promote talent mobility and S&T human resource development 8.3 Development of regional science parks Source: National Economic and Social Development Board, Thailand 8

9 National Science, Technology and Innovation Policy Committee
Minister of Agriculture and Cooperatives Minister of Commerce Members of the Committee Minister of Information & Communication Technology Education of Public Health Chairman, National Research Council Executive Board 11 independent experts Secretary (Permanent Secretary for Science and Technology) Assistant Secretary (Secretary-General of STI) Minister of Science and Technology Industry Chair Vice-Chair Prime Minister 9

10 1010 Agencies under Ministry of Science and Technology Ministry of
Office of the Minister Office of the Permanent Secretary National Science Technology and Innovation Policy Office (STI) National Science Museum (NSM) National Institute Of Metrology Thailand (NIMT) Department of Science Service (DSS) Ministry of Science and Technology Office of Atoms for Peace (OAP) Thailand Institute of Nuclear Technology (TINT) National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA) Hydro and Agro Informatics Institute (HAII) Thailand Institute of Scientific and Technological Research (TISTR) National Synchrotron Research Center (NSRC) National Innovation Agency (NIA) Thailand Center of Excellence for Life Sciences (TCELS) National Astronomical Research Institute of Thailand (NARIT) Geo-Informatics and Space Technology Development Agency (GISTDA) 1010

11 The National Science Technology and Innovation Policy and Plan 2012 - 2021
First Time “INNOVATION” is systematically introduced Address STI for development and development of STI Provide national direction for the next 10 years with periodic adjustments Identify Focuses and Balance between Economic and Social Development and Context for Thailand Preparedness for Future Changes that will have major impacts to Thai Society Plan derived from Intensive and Widespread Public & Stakeholders Participatory Process with Implementation Strategies Incorporated STI Regionalism (ASEAN+) Green Innovation Energy & Environment Demographic & Social Changes Quality Society Sustainable Economy Competition & Economic Integration Ageing Society Decentralization Energy Security Climate Change Natural Resource Management Technological Changes Creativity Platform Eco Production & Services Social & Cultural Mobilization Source: National Science Technology and Innovation Policy Office, Thailand 11

12 The National Science Technology and Innovation Policy and Plan 2012 - 2021
2.Enhancing Economic Competitiveness and Flexibility 1.Empowering Society and Local Communities 5.Promoting and Supporting the Development of STI Infrastructure and Enabling Factors 4.Developing and Enhancing STI Human Capital 3.Ensuring Energy, Resource and Environment Security Green Innovation for Quality Society and Sustainable Economic Growth Rice and Rice Products Bio-based Energy Rubber and Rubber Products Processed Food Electrical and Electronics Automotive & Parts Plastics & Petro -chemicals Fashion (Textiles, Jewelry, Leather) Value-added Tourism Logistics and Rails Construc-tions and Related Services Creative &Digital Contents Sustainable Economy 5 Strategic Action Agenda Quality Society 12 Target Economic Sectors Source: National Science Technology and Innovation Policy Office, Thailand 12

13 STI Investment Targets
2021: 2% 2016: 1% (2021) 25:10,000 (2016) 15:10,000 70:30 2012 R&D /GDP = 0.24 % R&D Personnel (FTE) 9.01 : 10,000 R&D expenditure (Private : Government) 38 : 62 Thailand Status in 2012 R&D Exp = 21,493 MB R&D Exp : Gov : Private =13,318:8,175 MB R&D Personnel = 57,220 (man-year) Source: National Science Technology and Innovation Policy Office 13

14 Top 10 Private Sector R&D Investment, 2013
Others 1,862 mil baht Textile 423 mil baht Chemical 3,630 mil baht Transport and Logistics 449 mil baht Source: R&D Survey, National Science Technology and Innovation Policy Office, 2013 Electronics 722 mil baht Minerals 794 mil baht Food 2,375 mil baht Auto 920 mil baht Electricity, Gas and Water Services 970 mil baht Petroleum 1,553 mil baht Rubber and Plastic 1,125 mil baht Machinery 1,361 mil baht 14

15 Key Measures to Promote Innovation
Energy Food Agriculture Climate Change and Water Rail System Hi-Value- Added Industries Strategic Sectors IP and Technology Transfer System Gov’t Procurement /Mega- Projects Fiscal/ Financial System Infra- structure System Research System Manpower System Systems Mechanisms/ Measures/ Schemes Researcher’s Income Tax Exemption Matching Grants/ Equity Financing Young Ph.D. Reverse Internship THAIST R&D Tax Deduction Income Contingent Loan Industrial M.Sc./Ph.D. Key players for Regional/Community Innovation System are Regional Science Parks. ขอมติ เห็นชอบแนวทางตามที่เสนอ และให้ สวทน. ประสานเพื่อนำเข้า ครม. เป็นเรื่อง ๆ ไป (โดยใช้แพคเกจนี้อารัมภบท) เสนอลึกและขอมติเห็นชอบให้เสนอเข้า ครม. ต่อไปในเรื่อง 300% RDC R&D Centers Innovation Districts แต่ละเรื่องมี action อะไร และหน่วยงานใดต้องทำอะไร ทำออกมาเป็นตาราง Physical/ Institutional Infrastructures Private R&D Centers Private Innovation Districts Regional Science and Technology Parks Source: National Science Technology and Innovation Policy Office

16 Thailand Science Park : Accelerating Innovation
3 Development Phases: Phase I: creating critical mass on R&D activities and S&T services ( ) Over 3,000 public & private personnels, Approx. 9% of Thailand R&D spending, 60+ tenant companies, 1/3 are internationals. Innovation Cluster2 (INC2) Phase II: accelerating industry competitiveness through S&T (end of 2013 onwards) Prioritized on 2 Innovation Clusters: Food and Automotive Parts, Approx. 5,000 public & private personnels, Est. 200 tenant companies. Phase III: inducing knowledge-based economy in the surrounding area. 16

17 Thailand Science Parks Network
Northern 1. Agriculture & Food Processing 2. IT Software & Digital Content 3. Medical / Health Science/Biotechnology North Eastern Agriculture & Food Processing Hard disk drive, Enterprise software, Embedded software Mining Industries and Alternative Energy Southern 1. Food/Agriculture 2. Proactive Medicine -Herb, Cosmetic Thailand Science Park Auto Parts Organic Printed Electronics Food & Feed Nano-cosmeceutical Thailand Science Park Headquarter of NSTDA and 4 National Researcher Centers Northern Science Park: (1) Chiang Mai University (2) Maejo University (3) Naresuan University (4) Mae Fah Luang University North Eastern Science Park: (1) Khon Kaen University (2) Suranaree University of Technology (3) Maha Sarakham University (4) Ubon Ratchathani University Southern Science Park: (1) Prince of Songkla University (2) Walailak University Eastern Science Park (in the-set-up) (1) GISTDA (2) Burapha University 17

18 STI HR Development Programmes
Learning Method Enrichment/Mentoring Specialty Schools Class in School Scholarship Programme Life-long Learning/Training Enabling System Formal Education/Others STI HR Development Programmes Talent Mobility (STI) DPST (IPST) - STOU - NFE - On the job training - Promotion tie in with mastery - Commercial Package Training - Employer Approval JSTP (NSTDA) SCiUS (MOST) Science Scholars (MOST, OHEC) Technology Curriculum (IPST) Technology Teacher Curriculum (IPST) S&M Talent (IPST) MWIT PSMT (IPST) Chulabhorn ODOS (MoE) RGI., RRI. (TRF) Coaching (TYSA) KNIT Olympiad (OBEC, IPST., POSN.) THAIST (STI) STEM Education Training (OKMD) EBL (IPST) Gifted Classroom (IPST) SBTS (OVEC) Graduate Program (TISTR+Uni) YSTP (NSTDA) WiL UBI (OHEC) Brain-based Learning (OKMD) WiL (OHEC, STI, KMUTNB, KMUTT, OVEC) Co-STRD (MOST) Children’s University (NSTDA) Childhood SMT (IPST) Science Classroom (OBEC/IPST/MOST /POSN) TGIST (NSTDA) Little Scientist House (HRH Sirindhorn Foundation, OBEC, NSTDA, IPST., NSM., Nanmee) EBL (IPST) Kindergarten G1-G6 G7-G9 G10-G12/Voc. Cert. High Voc. Cert./ Undergrad Graduate Studies Labour Retirement 18

19 Talent Mobility Programme
To facilitate the mobility of researchers in governmental agencies and higher education institutions to industrial sector. Government Industry University/ Research Institution Industry reimburses university* Tax incentives BOI STI-tax MoL 200% corp. tax RD 200% corp. tax Talent Mobility Committee Project certification Promotion/support STI Office coordinating roles: Demand-Supply database keeping Pushing for enabling regulations Matching events The Cabinet approved talent mobility to be a key performance indicator of universities and research institutions Regulation reforms needed to encourage mobility Continuing tenure Academic promotion 1 2 4 3 * SMEs are exempt from reimbursement through MOST subsidy 19

20 Development of Innovation System through IP Management
3.2 Government Fund TAX Revenue Funding Agency Financial Support for translational research 3.1 Market Write-off mechanism for funding agencies IP Creation, Registration and Licensing 2 1 New products, New services, New jobs, New companies Private Firm (old and new) University TTO in university or research institute 4 Conventional funding for basic and applied research IP ownership Royalty income Research Institute Mass production Proof of concept Proto type Pilot Production Private Company Very risky and costly Need supports and tools such as incubation, grants, matching grants, soft loan, loan 20

21 Development of Innovation System through IP Management
Policy Measure 1. Clear Policy on Gov. funded IP Ownership Funding recipient, who proves to have TT capability, is entitled to retain IP ownership of the government sponsored research results . 2. Reform of IP Registration System Department of Intellectual Property (DIP) is entitled to retain IP registration fees as well as to have greater management flexibilities to overcome its backlogs and improve the overall registration system 3. Financial and tax incentive to promote IP Commercialization 3.1 Financial support for SMEs in the form of grant or matching funds for scaling up of R&D commercialization (From Lab to Market) 3.2 Tax benefit for the company’s expense on royalty fees paid for University’s IP licenses. 4. Strengthening TT organizations and professionals Setting up a TTO Consortium and giving them enough resources to build technology transfer capabilities for TTO personnel 21

22 Different Dimensions of Innovation in Thailand
Education Community Development Healthcare System

23 Education 23 Mechai Pattana School
Lifelong Education & Development Center for all 3 main focuses: Education, Development, and Social Enterprise. Tuition fee is paid by doing good deeds to the communities 400 hours and planting 400 trees Students are parts of all committees: procurement, school management, teacher selection & evaluation, etc. School is off during rice growing season to help the family Students learn IT/computer at school and teach others. Collaborating with people in the community in establishing co-business. Buffalo Gate Bamboo Dome Dragon Bridge 23 Source: Meechai Viravaidya Foundation

24 Science-based Technology Schools: SBTS
Education Science-based Technology Schools: SBTS Suranaree Technical College, (Science Based Industrial Technology) Phang-nga Technical College, (Innovation in Tourism) Lamphun College of Agricuture and Technology, (Agricultural Biotechnology) Singburi Vocational College,(Food Technology) Science Based Technology Vocational College (Chonburi), (Science Based Industrial Technology) SBTS is national vocational schools for gifted and talented students who have developed skills in invention and technology. Project-Based approach The aim is to develop students to become the technologist or innovator in the future. Source: National Science Technology and Innovation Policy Office 24

25 Community Development One Tambon One Product: OTOP
A nationwide sustainable development initiative launched by the Thai government in 2001. It aims to promote the unique products made by local communities, by utilizing their indigenous skills and craftsmanship combined with available natural resources and raw materials. 25 Source: Community Development Department , Ministry of Interior

26 Community Development Industrial Technology Assistance Program: iTAP
Investigate technological problem Matching supply of & demand for technology Technological consultancy service Joint R&D Funding subsidies 50:50 S&T Acquisition Program (Local & Overseas) Training/ Workshop Attach local expert to overseas expert, help technology transfer to firms and universities More than 3,000 technology development& innovation projects since 2006 10 regional nodes linking with local universities and science parks with 50 project managers Source: iTAP, NSTDA 26

27 Community Development Innovative Communities and Science Villages
Initiated by the Ministry of Science and Technology More than 200 communities/villages across the countries R&D and Technology Transfer Program for Community & Local Development Source: Ministry of Science and Technology 27

28 Mae Hong Son IT Valley Objective: To promote and support the reinforcement of scientific and technological skills especially information technology skills of instructors and secondary students Role: 1) Develop HR 2) Create Jobs 3) Promote Collaboration Examples of Activities: Organization: University - KMUTT Research Institute – NSTDA (BIOTEC NECTEC) WIMAX Install WiMAX (wireless communications) in order to promote long distance learning Thai-Japan e-Learning System On-line Program for Cultural Exchange between Thailand and Japan Learn Square is Opensource e-learning Management System Organize training workshops on Learning Media for teachers. 28 Source: R&D and Technology Transfer Cluster for Local Community Development and Underprivileged, NSTDA

29 29 Agriculture and Food @ Community Level, Loei Technology Transfer
Strawberry - $10,000 / year / 10 people Tomato - $333 / year Macademia - $5,000 / year Organization 2nd Army NSTDA KMUTT KKU NU Etc. Agriculture and Community Level, Loei Technology Transfer GHP Training Promote Community Enterprise Learning Center for Children Revolving Fund from Selling Products $43,333 / year Dividend $1,000/year/family Create Jobs $333/year Income $2,000 / year Create jobs and Promote farmers’ learning Promote children’s Learn from Community Promote Science Learning from Local Careers Source: R&D and Technology Transfer Cluster for Local Community Development and Underprivileged, NSTDA Science Camp 4 times/year (250 participants) 29

30 From Agriculture Waste to Energy at KHAONOI VILLAGE, PHITSANULOK
INPUT Cow feces, Organic waste OUTPUT Biogas Storage Biogas Digester By product Fertilizer Cost reduction: 8000 Baht (270$) 3000 Baht (100 $)

31 Universal Health Coverage
Healthcare System Universal Health Coverage National Health Security Act 2002 Universal health care is provided through three programs: Civil service welfare system for civil servants and their families Social Security for private employees Universal Health Coverage to all other Thai nationals. Expand health protection coverage to 99.5% of the population Source: Ministry of Health 31

32 Village Health Volunteer
Healthcare System Village Health Volunteer Volunteers from the local communities Promote health awareness in the community Use of tablet computers to collect health information of the villagers Source: Ministry of Health 32

33 Decentralization for Inclusiveness Regional Administration
Central Government Ministry Bureau Department Local Administration Regional Administration Infrastructure Development Public Services Healthcare Promotion Safety and Security Investment Promotion Management of Natural Resources and Environment Province District 33 Source: Ministry of Interior 33

34 Institutional Framework Approaches for Inclusive Innovation
Program Top down Bottom up Social Enterprise Public Private Partner- ship Triple Helix Meechai Pattana School SBTS OTOP iTAP Innovative Communities and Science Villages Universal Health Coverage Village Health Volunteer 34

35 Thank you for your attention.
National Science Technology and Innovation Policy Office 319 ChamChuri Square Building 14th Fl., Phayathai Rd., Patumwan, Bangkok 10300, Thailand Tel: Fax:

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