Presentation on theme: "Choosing services Integrating Concerns for Cost-Effectiveness, Financial Protection, and the Worse Off Ole F. Norheim Professor in Medical Ethics and Philosophy."— Presentation transcript:
Choosing services Integrating Concerns for Cost-Effectiveness, Financial Protection, and the Worse Off Ole F. Norheim Professor in Medical Ethics and Philosophy of Science Dept. of Global Public Health and Primary Care University of Bergen email@example.com
Plan •Background •Cost-effectiveness •Financial protection •Priority to the worse off •Classification of priority health services
Key question •Should financial protection and distributional concerns be incorporated into decision rules for publicly financed health services?
Priority group classification •Universal Coverage can be defined as access to key health services for all at an affordable cost 1.High-priority services 2.Normal-priority services 3.Low-priority services Key services
How to classify services? •Cost-effectiveness thresholds < 1 GDP per capita 1-2 GDP per capita > 3 GDP per capita (Macroeconomics and Health 2002, WHO CHOICE)
Example •Selected 65 health services from WHO- CHOICE database (AfrE) •Child health services •Maternal and newborn health services •Infectious disease services •Non-communicable disease services •Converted all costs to Int $ 2005 (WHO-CHOICE team BMJ series 2005-2012)
Two problems with CEA •Ignores financial risk protection •Ignores distribution of healthy life years
Financial risk protection •Publicly financed health services provide –Financial risk protection –Health •Peter Smith : –If no one buys supplementary services, or –a well-functioning voluntary supplementary insurance market service selection on the basis of standard cost-effectiveness ratios will maximize welfare (health + income) (P. Smith, Health Economics 2012) •When there is substantial out-of-pocket payment for supplementary services, this is not so.
•High cost services may be favored over low cost services, at least among services with similar cost-effectiveness ratios. •My interpretation: –Financial risk protection could act at least as a tiebreaker for services with identical cost- effectiveness ratios.
Integrating distributive concerns with CEA •An “Atkinson’s” social welfare function applied to health would judge: –(60, 45) as better than (80, 25) (Adler, OUP 2012) •Health prioritarianism would assign higher weights to benefits for B (Ottersen, JME 2013)