Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Ra aris tuberkulozi? trenerTa treningi saskolo personalisaTvis tuberkulozisa da filtvis daavadebaTa erovnuli centri Tbilisi, 2007 weli.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Ra aris tuberkulozi? trenerTa treningi saskolo personalisaTvis tuberkulozisa da filtvis daavadebaTa erovnuli centri Tbilisi, 2007 weli."— Presentation transcript:

1 ra aris tuberkulozi? trenerTa treningi saskolo personalisaTvis tuberkulozisa da filtvis daavadebaTa erovnuli centri Tbilisi, 2007 weli

2 tuberkulozi gavrcelebuli infeqciuri daavadebaa, romlis gamomwvevia tuberkulozis mikobaqteria da vrceldeba mikobaqteriis gamomyofi filtvis tuberkuloziT daavadebuli piris mier.

3 infeqciis ZiriTadi wyaro _ filtvis an xorxis tuberkuloziT daavadebuli baqteriagamomyofi adamiani, romelic ceminebis, xvelebis, laparakis dros haerSi gamoyofs mikobaqteriebis Semcvel umcires wveTebs infeqciis gadacema adamianidan adamianze xdeba haeris meSveobiT umcires wveTebs ewodeba infeqciuri birTvebi maTi diametri 1-5 mkm-mde da imyofebian haerSi Sewonil (aerozolis) mdgomareobaSi rogor vrceldeba tuberkulozi

4 saubris, xvelis, ceminebis, simReris dros garemoSi gamoyofili mikobaqteriebi SesunTqul haerTan erTad xvdebian adamianis sasunTq organoebSi, romelTa amomfeni lorwovani garsi nawilobriv gamodevnis gamomwvevs, nawili ki aRwevs filtvis qsovilamde, sadac organizmis dacviTi Zalebi axdenen maT uvnebelyofas. saubris, xvelis, ceminebis, simReris dros garemoSi gamoyofili mikobaqteriebi SesunTqul haerTan erTad xvdebian adamianis sasunTq organoebSi, romelTa amomfeni lorwovani garsi nawilobriv gamodevnis gamomwvevs, nawili ki aRwevs filtvis qsovilamde, sadac organizmis dacviTi Zalebi axdenen maT uvnebelyofas. erTi daxvelebiT gamoiyofa daaxloebiT 3,5 aTasi mikobaqteria igive raodenoba gamoiyofa 5 wuTiani laparakis dros erTi daceminebisas daaxloebiT 1 mln. mikobaqteria

5 Tu adamianis organizmis dacviTi Zalebi sustia, SesaZloa, mikobaqteriebma daiwyon intensiuri gamravleba, cxovelqmedeba da gamoiwvion daavadebis ganviTareba. Tu adamianis organizmis dacviTi Zalebi sustia, SesaZloa, mikobaqteriebma daiwyon intensiuri gamravleba, cxovelqmedeba da gamoiwvion daavadebis ganviTareba.

6 rogor ar vrceldeba tuberkulozi? sayofacxovrebo moxmarebis nivTebiT (WurWeli, TeTreuli, wignebi da sxva), kocniT, daavadebulis sigaretis moweviT tuberkulozi ar vrceldeba. sayofacxovrebo moxmarebis nivTebiT (WurWeli, TeTreuli, wignebi da sxva), kocniT, daavadebulis sigaretis moweviT tuberkulozi ar vrceldeba. kargad ganiavebul SenobebSi da Senobebs gareT inficirebis riski minimaluria kargad ganiavebul SenobebSi da Senobebs gareT inficirebis riski minimaluria

7 1 tubdaavadebuli weliwadSi adamians ainficirebs 1 tubdaavadebuli weliwadSi adamians ainficirebs daavadeba uviTardeba inficirebulTa daaxloebiT 10%- s daavadeba uviTardeba inficirebulTa daaxloebiT 10%- s daavadebulTa Ddrouli gamovlenisa da swori mkurnalobis SemTxvevaSi tuberkulozi gankurnebadia SemTxvevaTa TiTqmis 100 %-Si daavadebulTa Ddrouli gamovlenisa da swori mkurnalobis SemTxvevaSi tuberkulozi gankurnebadia SemTxvevaTa TiTqmis 100 %-Si

8 ras niSnavs inficireba da rogor aviciloT igi? bacilgamomyof tubdaavadebulTan xangrZlivi, xSiri kontaqti cudad ventilirebad garemoSi xels uwyobs SesunTqul haerTan erTad mikobaqteriebis moxvedras janmrTel organizmSi. bacilgamomyof tubdaavadebulTan xangrZlivi, xSiri kontaqti cudad ventilirebad garemoSi xels uwyobs SesunTqul haerTan erTad mikobaqteriebis moxvedras janmrTel organizmSi. tuberkulozis gamomwvevis arsebobas organizmSi daavadebisaTvis damaxasiaTebeli simptomebis ganviTarebis gareSe ewodeba inficireba an latenturi tuberkulozi. tuberkulozis gamomwvevis arsebobas organizmSi daavadebisaTvis damaxasiaTebeli simptomebis ganviTarebis gareSe ewodeba inficireba an latenturi tuberkulozi.

9 inficirebis dros organizmis damcavi Zalebi ar aZlevs saSualebas mikobaqteriebs gamravldes da gamoiwvios tuberkulozuri procesi. inficirebis dros organizmis damcavi Zalebi ar aZlevs saSualebas mikobaqteriebs gamravldes da gamoiwvios tuberkulozuri procesi. A am dros adamianis organizmSi tuberkulozuri bacila SeboWil, mTvlemare, araaqtiur mdgomareobaSia. swored amitom ar grZnoben isini Tavs avad da Sesabamisad, ar SeuZliaT infeqciis gavrceleba. swored amitom ar grZnoben isini Tavs avad da Sesabamisad, ar SeuZliaT infeqciis gavrceleba. inficirebis dros ar aris cvlilebebi rentgenologiuri da baqteriologiuri kvlevis SedegebSi, magram kanis sinji tuberkulinze, Cveulebriv, dadebiTia.

10 inficirebis asacileblad saWiroa: daavadebulma daicvas xvelis higiena, aucileblobisas gamoiyenos niRabi daavadebulma daicvas xvelis higiena, aucileblobisas gamoiyenos niRabi kontaqtSi myofma xSirad gaaniavos da daasufTavos oTaxi, sadac imyofeba(oda) tubdaavadebuli kontaqtSi myofma xSirad gaaniavos da daasufTavos oTaxi, sadac imyofeba(oda) tubdaavadebuli

11 ras niSnavs daavadeba da rogor aviciloT igi Tu inficirebuli piri eweva cxovrebis jansaR wess, ganuwyvetliv akontrolebs Tavisi janmrTerlobis mdgomareobas da asrulebs fTiziatris rekomendaciebs, SeZlebs aicilos daavadebis ganviTareba. Tu inficirebuli piri eweva cxovrebis jansaR wess, ganuwyvetliv akontrolebs Tavisi janmrTerlobis mdgomareobas da asrulebs fTiziatris rekomendaciebs, SeZlebs aicilos daavadebis ganviTareba.

12 rodis viTardeba daavadeba cxovrebis romeliRac etapze, Tu organizmis dacviTma Zalebma veRar SeZlo infeqciis kontroli, SeiZleba ganviTardes daavadeba. cxovrebis romeliRac etapze, Tu organizmis dacviTma Zalebma veRar SeZlo infeqciis kontroli, SeiZleba ganviTardes daavadeba. ase xdeba yofis, kvebis pirobebis gauaresebis, mZime da xangrZlivi daavadebebis, mavne Cvevebis arsebobis SemTxvevaSi. ase xdeba yofis, kvebis pirobebis gauaresebis, mZime da xangrZlivi daavadebebis, mavne Cvevebis arsebobis SemTxvevaSi.

13 ra faqtorebi uwyobs xels tuberkuloziT daavadebis ganviTarebas? tuberkulozis mikobaqteriiT inficirebul zogierT adamians SeiZleba ganuviTardes daavadeba. es xdeba inficirebisTanave an mogvianebiT, mravali wlis Semdeg sxvadasxva mizeziT organizmis damcvelobiTi Zalebis (imunitetis) daqveiTebis Sedegad. imunuri sistemis damTrgunvel faqtorebs miekuTvneba: tuberkulozis mikobaqteriiT inficirebul zogierT adamians SeiZleba ganuviTardes daavadeba. es xdeba inficirebisTanave an mogvianebiT, mravali wlis Semdeg sxvadasxva mizeziT organizmis damcvelobiTi Zalebis (imunitetis) daqveiTebis Sedegad. imunuri sistemis damTrgunvel faqtorebs miekuTvneba: socialuri faqtorebi; socialuri faqtorebi; samedicino faqtorebi. samedicino faqtorebi.

14 socialuri faqtorebi: socialuri faqtorebi: arasrulfasovani kveba, narkomania, loToba, umuSevroba, usaxlkaroba, patimroba da sxva. arasrulfasovani kveba, narkomania, loToba, umuSevroba, usaxlkaroba, patimroba da sxva. samedicino faqtorebi: samedicino faqtorebi: aiv/Sids inficireba da daavadeba, Saqriani diabeti, kuWisa da Tormetgoja nawlavis wylulovani daavadeba, sasunTqi organoebis qronikuli daavadebebi, Tirkmlis qronikuli ukmarisoba, qronikuli alkoholizmi, simsivnuri daavadebebi, orsuloba, xangrZlivi steroiduli da sxivuri Terapia. aiv/Sids inficireba da daavadeba, Saqriani diabeti, kuWisa da Tormetgoja nawlavis wylulovani daavadeba, sasunTqi organoebis qronikuli daavadebebi, Tirkmlis qronikuli ukmarisoba, qronikuli alkoholizmi, simsivnuri daavadebebi, orsuloba, xangrZlivi steroiduli da sxivuri Terapia. am faqtorebis mqone dainficirebul pirebs tuberkulozis ganviTarebis maRali riskis jgufebs uwodeben. am faqtorebis mqone dainficirebul pirebs tuberkulozis ganviTarebis maRali riskis jgufebs uwodeben.

15 Tu gamomwvevis gamravlebisa da cxovelqmedebis SeCereba organizmis damcavma Zalebma ver SeZlo, iwyeba paTologiuri procesi da ziandeba organo an organoebi. Tu gamomwvevis gamravlebisa da cxovelqmedebis SeCereba organizmis damcavma Zalebma ver SeZlo, iwyeba paTologiuri procesi da ziandeba organo an organoebi. klinikurad gamoxatulia Civilebi da viTardeba daavadeba. klinikurad gamoxatulia Civilebi da viTardeba daavadeba. tuberkuloziT daavadebis dros laboratoriuli kvlevis SedegebSi aRiniSneba saTanado cvlilebebi tuberkuloziT daavadebis dros laboratoriuli kvlevis SedegebSi aRiniSneba saTanado cvlilebebi

16 pacienti, romelic ar gamoyofs daavadebis gamomwvevs, ar aris gamavrcelebeli, anu epidemiologiurad saSiSi pacienti, romelic ar gamoyofs daavadebis gamomwvevs, ar aris gamavrcelebeli, anu epidemiologiurad saSiSi filtvis tuberkuloziT daavadebuli avrcelebs infeqcias, Tu naxvelTan erTad garemoSi gamoyofs mikobaqteriebs. filtvis tuberkuloziT daavadebuli avrcelebs infeqcias, Tu naxvelTan erTad garemoSi gamoyofs mikobaqteriebs. daavadebuli, romelic ar gamoyofs gamomwvevs bacilgamomyofidaavadebuli

17 gansxvaveba tuberkulozur inficirebasa da daavadebas Soris inficirebadaavadeba gulmkerdis rentgenograma cvlilebebis gareSe rentgenogramaze paTologiuri cvlilebebi naxvelis nacxis baqterioskopia da kulturaluri gamokvleva uaryofiTia naxvelis nacxis baqterioskopia da kulturaluri gamokvleva dadebiTia tuberkulozuri infeqciis gadacemis wyaros ar warmoadgens umetes SemTxvevaSi warmoadgens tuberkulozuri infeqciis gadacemis wyaros

18 ra niSnebi axasiaTebs tuberkulozs? tuberkulozis dros SeiZleba gamoixatos zogadi da adgilobrivi xasiaTis Civilebi. tuberkulozis dros SeiZleba gamoixatos zogadi da adgilobrivi xasiaTis Civilebi. adgilobrivi Civilebi damokidebulia dazianebul organosa da sistemaze. adgilobrivi Civilebi damokidebulia dazianebul organosa da sistemaze.

19 tuberkulozis zogadi Civilebia: sxeulis temperaturis mateba, gansakuTrebiT dRis meore naxevarSi; sxeulis temperaturis mateba, gansakuTrebiT dRis meore naxevarSi; advilad daRla; advilad daRla; Ramis oflianoba; Ramis oflianoba; madis daqveiTeba; madis daqveiTeba; wonaSi kleba; wonaSi kleba; Sromisunarianobis daqveiTeba Sromisunarianobis daqveiTeba zemoT CamoTvlili klinikuri niSnebi yovelTvis ar aris gamowveuli tuberkuloziT. igi SeiZleba Segvxvdes sxva daavadebebis drosac. aseTi pacientebi iTvlebian tuberkulozze eWvmitanilad da saWiroeben gamokvlevas daavadebis zusti diagnozirebis mizniT zemoT CamoTvlili klinikuri niSnebi yovelTvis ar aris gamowveuli tuberkuloziT. igi SeiZleba Segvxvdes sxva daavadebebis drosac. aseTi pacientebi iTvlebian tuberkulozze eWvmitanilad da saWiroeben gamokvlevas daavadebis zusti diagnozirebis mizniT

20 gaxangrZlivebuli xvela ( 2 da meti kviris ganmavlobaSi), zogjer sisxliani, upiratesad naxvelis gamoyofiT; gaxangrZlivebuli xvela ( 2 da meti kviris ganmavlobaSi), zogjer sisxliani, upiratesad naxvelis gamoyofiT; tkivili an usiamovno SegrZneba gulmkerdis areSi; tkivili an usiamovno SegrZneba gulmkerdis areSi; qoSini mcire fizikur datvirTvaze, qoSini mcire fizikur datvirTvaze, haeris ukmarisoba. haeris ukmarisoba. filtvgareSe tuberkulozis dros vlindeba dazianebuli organosaTvis damaxasiaTebeli Civilebi (magaliTad, Tirkmlis tuberkulozis dros aRiniSneba yru tkivili welis areSi, sisixliani Sardi, saxsris tuberkulozis dros – Sesieba, tkivili, moZraobis SezRudva da a.S.) filtvis tuberkulozis simptomebia

21 tuberkulozze saeWvo simptomebis arsebobis pacientma aucileblad unda mimarTos eqims diagnozis dasazusteblad. tuberkulozze saeWvo simptomebis arsebobis pacientma aucileblad unda mimarTos eqims diagnozis dasazusteblad.

22 Mmadloba yuradRebisaTvis yuradRebisaTvis

23 madloba yuradRebisa da TanadgomisaTvis erTad SevaCeroT tuberkulozi! erTad SevaCeroT tuberkulozi!


Download ppt "Ra aris tuberkulozi? trenerTa treningi saskolo personalisaTvis tuberkulozisa da filtvis daavadebaTa erovnuli centri Tbilisi, 2007 weli."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google