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DiGIR1 DiGIR Distributed Generic Information Retrieval Stan Blum, Dave Vieglais, P.J. Schwartz.

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Presentation on theme: "DiGIR1 DiGIR Distributed Generic Information Retrieval Stan Blum, Dave Vieglais, P.J. Schwartz."— Presentation transcript:

1 DiGIR1 DiGIR Distributed Generic Information Retrieval Stan Blum, Dave Vieglais, P.J. Schwartz

2 DiGIR 2 Project Goals  To define a protocol for retrieving structured data from multiple, heterogeneous databases  To build a reference implementation of said protocol

3 DiGIR 3 Design Goals  To use open protocols and standards, such as HTTP, XML, and UDDI to leverage existing and emerging technologies  To de-couple the protocol, software and semantics  To automate the establishment of a new data provider as much as possible

4 DiGIR 4 High-level Architecture  Protocol  Provider  Portal  Registry

5 DiGIR 5 Protocol  Defines request and response message formats for communication between Provider and Portal  Assumes Providers conform to a known federation schema  Remains flexible to allow for federation schema pluggability

6 DiGIR 6 Provider  Makes structured data available to portals  Communicates via protocol compliant messaging only  Complies with a known federation schema  Supplies meta-data to describe data classification and availability

7 DiGIR 7 Portal  The entry point for a “user”  Can make requests of N number of providers  Communicates via protocol compliant messaging only  Queries registry for available providers  Can determine, based on provider meta-data, whether a provider should be queried

8 DiGIR 8 Project Information  The DiGIR project is a collaborative effort  DiGIR is currently established as an open source project on SourceForge (  Further documentation is available on the SourceForge site.  Please join us in collaborating!

9 DiGIR9 Protocol Details

10 DiGIR 10 Protocol Details  Specified in an XML Schema (.xsd)  Intended to work in conjunction with federation schemas, also expressed as XML Schemas  Actual request and response documents are instance documents conforming to both the protocol schema and a federation schema

11 DiGIR 11 search myDiggableBipesDB 11 12 Bipes

12 DiGIR 12 Request Explanation  Composed of elements from the protocol namespace (default) and the schema namespace  contains information about the payload  contains dbName, filter, and record specification (will also specify result format)  is effectively an XML representation of a SQL where clause  This search request is for the first 50 specimen records that are genus Bipes and were found in the months of November or December.

13 DiGIR 13 Filter Building LOPs (logical operators)   Can be nested COPs (comparison ops)   (multi value)

14 DiGIR 14 What “binds” the schemas?  The protocol schema defines various abstract types and elements: <xsd:element name="alphaSearchCondition" abstract="true“ substitutionGroup="searchCondition">  A federation schema must define searchable concepts, or groups of them, as substitutable for these abstract elements or extensions of the abstract types <xsd:element name="Species" type="xsd:string“ substitutionGroup="digir:alphaSearchCondition" />

15 DiGIR 15 <xsd:complexType name="list

16 DiGIR 16 Why “bind” like this?  To provide data-typing (string, numeric, etc.) for various concepts within operators at an abstract level (e.g. LIKE only valid for string data; IN allows for multiples, but in a controlled fashion)  To allow for federation schemas to simply classify data as types without having to redefine/extend operators

17 DiGIR 17 Request Issues  Do we need another abstract element such as dateSearchCondition?  What information will be useful in the header?  How should we specify the format of the results? What standard formats should be offered (I.e. brief, full?).  Will tblName be part of the meta-data required of providers?  What concepts of Darwin Core 2 are searchable?

18 DiGIR 18 Response Prototype

19 DiGIR 19 Response Issues  How do we format and validate the response content?  What elements are needed for the, if any?  Do we always have diagnostics, or only if there is an error?  Should a finite set of diagnostics be created and maintained in its own XML Schema? Will there ever be a diagnostic that is specific to a federation schema?

20 DiGIR20 Provider Details

21 DiGIR 21 Provider Details  Implemented as a web application that answers questions  Interface is not specific to a particular information domain  No state information is recorded  Each request is treated as unique and uninfluenced by previous requests  Must always generate a valid response  Consists of four key components  Request handler  Filter handler  Result set cache  Response generator

22 DiGIR 22 Request Handler  Receives XML document  Validates document  Generates internal structures for further processing

23 DiGIR 23 Filter Handler  Internal structural representation of filter (query) structure  Responsible for generating a native query string for querying the database  Communicates with UDDI to obtain standard database definition  Custom configured to work with specific database implementation

24 DiGIR 24 Result Set Cache  Contains the results of applying a query  Responsible for generating the response records in the requested format  Somewhat directly integrated with the response generator

25 DiGIR 25 Response Generator  Generates the response XML document  Serializes the response header information  Serializes diagnostic information  Serializes the requested subset of records

26 DiGIR 26 Provider Configuration

27 DiGIR27 Portal Details

28 DiGIR 28 Portal Details  Divided into two distinct components: a presentation layer and PortalServices  The presentation layer supports the UI and translates requests (HTTP requests from forms or links) into protocol compliant XML requests  The presentation layer also handles all display issues involving the responses, such as format, sorting, collating, etc…  The presentation layer is envisioned to be an application server/web server implementation

29 DiGIR 29 Portal Details  PortalServices handles all external network activity (UDDI calls, provider calls, etc)  PortalServices limits provider calls to those necessary based on provider meta-data  PortalServices threads provider calls for increased performance (I.e. response time)  PortalServices is envisioned to be a webapp and supporting classes running within an application server, such as TomCat

30 DiGIR 30 PortalServices  RegistryAccess  ProviderCache  PortalConfig  PortalServlet  PortalRequestHandler  ProviderFilterer  Marshallers

31 DiGIR 31 Portal Issues  What information will be stored in UDDI about a provider?  What information will be known for communicating with a Provider (I.e. IP address, port, etc…?)  What meta-data will be provided and what are the rules for using such data for provider filtering?  What requirements are there for logging and monitoring?

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