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WELCOME TO POVERTY POLICY WEEK, 25-27NOV.2013 1. POVERTY STATUS ACCORDING TO THE 2011/12 HBS RESULTS TANZANIA MAINLAND Presented by: The National Bureau.

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Presentation on theme: "WELCOME TO POVERTY POLICY WEEK, 25-27NOV.2013 1. POVERTY STATUS ACCORDING TO THE 2011/12 HBS RESULTS TANZANIA MAINLAND Presented by: The National Bureau."— Presentation transcript:

1 WELCOME TO POVERTY POLICY WEEK, 25-27NOV

2 POVERTY STATUS ACCORDING TO THE 2011/12 HBS RESULTS TANZANIA MAINLAND Presented by: The National Bureau of Statistics 2

3 3 OUTLINE • BACKGROUND • SURVEY DESIGN • COVERAGE • OVERVIEW OF POVERTY • CONCLUSION • WAY FOWARD

4 Background Information The National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) conducted the 2011/12 Household Budget Survey in Tanzania Mainland as part of Monitoring and Evaluation of MKUKUTA Master Plan, particularly Cluster One. 4

5 Previous Scientific HBS Surveys conducted since independence include: • The 1990/91 HBS; • The 2000/01 HBS; • The 2007 HBS; and • The 2011/12 HBS. “These surveys forms the basis for tracking progress resulting from the Government’s poverty-reduction initiatives” 5

6 MKUKUTA TARGET Target – To Reduce Food Poverty up to 12.9 percent by

7 Survey Design  National Representative – A total of 400 Enumeration Areas were selected:-  120 from Dar es Salaam;  120 from Other Urban; and  160 from Rural 7

8 Coverage  Three Levels of Analysis – Dar es Salaam, Other Urban Areas and Rural Locations; and  A total of 10,186 out of 10,400 households were interviewed ( Response Rate of 94.1 percent). 8

9 A Wide Range of Information was Collected  Household members’ education and health status;  Household expenditures and consumptions;  Ownership of consumer goods and assets;  Housing structure and building materials;  Household access to services and facilities; 9

10 … cont’d.  Access to water and sanitation;  Economic activities and employment;  Tourism;  Ownership of non-farm businesses; and  Agricultural activities. 10

11 OVERVIEW OF INCOME POVERTY INDICATORS 11

12 Comparison of Poverty Trend • The 2011/12 HBS results can not be compared directly with the 2007 HBS Results because of different methodologies used. • The comparison will be done later. Results will be included in the Main Report. 12

13 Measurement of Poverty (Lines) The Poverty Line was adjusted for the prices prevailing in different areas and by the time in which the interview was conducted. Poverty line was based on purchasing the 153 most common food items purchased. 13

14 The Basic Needs Poverty Line is TZS. 36,482 per adult equivalent per month and Food poverty Line is TZS. 26,085 per adult equivalent per month. The daily cost of the food poverty line is TZS. 858 per adult equivalent. 14

15 Income Poverty Status (Percent) • Food Poverty Dar es Salaam 1.0 Other Urban 8.7 Rural 11.3 Mainland 9.7 • ; • Basic Need Poverty Dar es Salaam 4.2 Other Urban 21.7 Rural 33.3 Mainland

16 Distribution of Poor Population Where are the Poor People? Rural households are much poorer than those in Urban Areas. Dar es Salaam is substantially better off than Other Urban and Rural Areas (see the next figure) 16

17 DISTRIBUTION OF POVERTY BY AREA (Percent)

18 … cont’d. Who is likely to be Poor? Poverty is directly related to the number of children aged between years in the household (percent). No Child19.8 One Child23.2 Two Children and More

19 Poverty Gap Index (Percent) Poverty Gap is an average shortfall of per capita consumption in the population relative to the poverty line, it identifies the depth of poverty. 19

20 … cont’d Poverty Gap Index (Percent) Dar es Salaam 0.8 Other Urban Areas5.5 Rural Areas 7.9 Mainland6.9 This means that population living in the Rural Areas is deeper in poverty – further away from poverty line. 20

21 Income Inequality Income inequality refers to the extent to which income is distributed in an unevenly manner among the population. The inequality is measured using the Gini Coefficient 21

22 … cont’d. Gini Coefficient Dar es Salaam 0.35 Other Urban Areas0.37 Rural Areas 0.29 Tanzania Mainland0.34 There are more inequalities in Other Urban Areas compared to Dar es Salaam and Rural Areas 22

23 NON – INCOME POVERTY INDICATORS 23

24 Household Composition Households consist of an average of 5 persons. Nearly half (48 percent) of household members are dependants. Nearly a quarter (24.7 percent) of households are headed by female. 24

25 Ownership of the Houses Seventy Six (76) Percent of households own the houses they live in. The proportion is highest in Rural Areas (89 percent) compared to 58 percent in Other Urban Areas and 37 percent in Dar es Salaam. 25

26 Modern Roofing Material Sixty six (66) percent of households live in houses with modern roofs in 2011/12 compared to 55 percent in A modern roof in this survey is a roof made of corrugated iron sheets. 26

27 Modern Wall Material Seventy three (73) percent of households live in houses with modern walls in 2011/12 compared to 33 percent of households that lived in houses with modern walls in Modern walls include: stones; cement bricks, sundried bricks, & baked bricks 27

28 Coverage of National Electricity Grid Eighteen (18) percent of households live in houses that are connected to the national electricity grid compared to 10 percent in

29 … cont’d. The coverage is more extensive in urban areas than rural areas (percent).  Dar es Salaam68  Other Urban Areas36  Rural Areas 4 29

30 Source of Energy for Lighting About 40 percent of households use electricity as their main source of energy for lighting. However, Paraffin remains the main source of energy for lighting in Rural Areas (70 percent of households). 30

31 Energy for Cooking The use of electricity for cooking is not common in all areas. About 70 percent of households in Urban Areas use charcoal and about 90 percent of households in Rural Areas use firewood as the main source of energy for cooking. 31

32 Ownership of Motorcycles Ownership of motorcycles reached 4 percent in 2011/12 from 1.5 percent in

33 Use of Mobile Phone Fifty seven (57) percent of households have at least one member owning a mobile phone. Ownership of mobile phones differs among the three strata (percent):  Dar es Salaam88  Other Urban Areas78  Rural Areas45 33

34 Way Forward The 2011/12 HBS Data will be used by NBS to: • Rebase the Consumer Price Index using the 2011/12 HBS Results; • Change Estimates on Household Consumption for National Accounts to prepare GDP; 34

35 … cont’d. • Poverty Mapping using Small Area Estimation; and • Dissemination of poverty indices at national and regional levels 35

36 Conclusion Poverty indicators obtained from the survey highlights the efforts made by the Government towards eradicating food poverty before 2015 as stipulated in MKUKUTA. Food Poverty was targeted to reach 12.9 percent by However, the survey result shows that food poverty has reached 9.7 percent by 2011/12. 36

37 Thank You for Listening 37


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