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Living in harmony with the environment in a precarious situation? Example of Eastern Chad by Arnold Egli, Consultant for natural and renewable resources.

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Presentation on theme: "Living in harmony with the environment in a precarious situation? Example of Eastern Chad by Arnold Egli, Consultant for natural and renewable resources."— Presentation transcript:

1 Living in harmony with the environment in a precarious situation? Example of Eastern Chad by Arnold Egli, Consultant for natural and renewable resources management with SHA and UNHCR

2 Chad 7 Mio habitants 110 different ethnically different populations Land locked country km2 main activities: live stock keeping, agriculture for subsistence and the market, cotton as a cash crop Exploitation of petrol since July 2004 Important, not yet exploited gas resources One of the poorest country in the world Again affected by a drought and hunger!!!

3 East of Chad Land area: 60'000 km 2 Border with Sudan 600 km Local pop. density: < 4 h / km 2 Big animals: 3.5 Mio Rainfall: 0 and 600 mm, Irregular distribution

4 Refugee's Operation of UNHCR and contribution of SHA approx. 220'000 refugees IDP since 2006 First camp opens in January 2004, newest in April 2005 Camp size: 12 and 30'000 people Camps equiped with nutrition center, first aid station, primary schools, police guard, community services, Water supply: 11 to 18 l/p/d (drinking water quality) Food supply approx kcal/p/d Costs: 80 Mio US $ (2004); 55 US $ (2005); 40 Mio US $ (in 2006); 2011 ? Contribution SHA - 1 site planner water specialist 2004 to environment specialist 2004 to 2006 and 2011

5 Zustand und Anfälligkeit der Ökosysteme (Sahel Tschad) Nach Norden abnehmender Niederschlag und zunehmende Anfälligkeit des Ökosystems

6 Main Refugees Zones 12 camps répartis en 4 zones avec des caractéristiques propres (unités danalyse)

7 Main Challenges Drinking water Houshold Energy Energy wood supply and saving Energy wood substitution Wood supply for light wood construction (eg. Roof) Data basis on wood utilization (and supply) Data basis on vegetations develop. in the region Environment managment practice Healthy and well nourished animal Security Presence of development actors

8 Estimated Wood Production et Consumption at Eastern Chad ZoneChef lieu Couvert forestier Consommation de bois Production accessible Sans Economie Economie Ref 20 / Loc - Economie Ref 50 / Loc 50 Ratio C/P t/an % % % 1Bahai Iriba, Guereda Farchana Goz Beida

9 Main activity since 2004 Wood collecting and distribution

10 Wood saving 1 Traditional fire place

11 Wood saving 2 … by improved mud stove

12 Wood saving 3 … and more of these wood saving stoves! Metallic stove "Save80" Metallic stove "Central African Stove Mud stove mobil

13 Wood saving 4 The new member of the group: AFRAH since 2011

14 Wood substitution 1 Briquettes of different materials Cardboard, Doum kernel, mixture of…

15 Wood Substitution 2 Solar cookers – Different Types

16 Wood Substitution 3 Solar water heater

17 Wood substitution 4 Biogas digester /

18 Wood restoring activities 1 Tree production, planting and protection

19 Wood restoring activities 2 Forest land protection and managment

20 Main Challenges Drinking water available+++ Houshold Energy available++ Energy wood supply and saving+++ Energy wood substitution (*)+++ Wood supply for light wood construction (eg. Roof)++ Data basis on wood utilization (and supply) (*)++ Data basis on vegetations develop. in the region (*)++ Environment managment practice (*)++ Healthy and well nourished animal++ Security+++ Presence of development actors+++

21 Estimated Wood Production et Consumption at Eastern Chad ZoneChef lieu Couvert forestier Consommation de bois Production accessible Sans Economie Economie Ref 20 / Loc - Economie Ref 50 / Loc 50 Ratio C/P t/an % % % 1Bahai Iriba, Guereda Farchana Goz Beida

22 Thank you for your attention! Sustainably yours!


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