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Français 2 Chapitre 6 Grammaire 1 LImparfait The passé composé and the imparfait Adverb placement.

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Presentation on theme: "Français 2 Chapitre 6 Grammaire 1 LImparfait The passé composé and the imparfait Adverb placement."— Presentation transcript:

1 Français 2 Chapitre 6 Grammaire 1 LImparfait The passé composé and the imparfait Adverb placement

2 The imparfait The imparfait (imperfect) tense tells how things were or what used to happen repeatedly in the past. It is also translated as was/were ____ing. To form the imperfect drop the –ons from the present tense nous form and add these endings: Je-aisNous-ions Tu-aisVous -iez Il/Elle-aitIls/Elles-aient

3 The imparfait parlerfinirvendre je parlaisje finissaisje vendais tu parlaistu finissaistu vendais il/elle/on parlaitil/elle/on finissaitil/elle/on vendait nous parlionsnous finissionsnous vendions vous parliezvous finissiezvous vendiez ils/elles parlaientils/elles finissaientils/elles vendaient

4 The imparfait Verbs like manger and commencer that have spelling changes in the nous form keep the spelling change in the imperfect, except in the nous and vous forms. (nous mangeons) (nous commençons ) je mangeaisnous mangions tu mangeaisvous mangiez il/elle/on mangeaitils/elles mangeaient je commençaisnous commencions tu commençaisvous commenciez il/elle/on commençaitils/elles commençaient

5 The imparfait Etre is the only verb that has an irregular stem: ét- j étaisnous étions tu étaisvous étiez il/elle/on étaitils/elles étaient

6 The passé composé and the imparfait Use both the passé composé and the imparfait to talk about the past. Use the imparfait to tell how things were or what used to happen over and over. Quand jétais jeune, nous allions à la plage chaque été. (When I was young, we used to go to the beach every summer.)

7 The passé composé and the imparfait You also use the imparfait to give descriptions. Il faisait très beau. Il y avait beaucoup de fleurs. (It was very nice out. There were a lot of flowers.)

8 The passé composé and the imparfait Us the passé composé to say what happened or what someone did in a set period of time. Une fois, jai fait un château de sable incroyable! (One time, I made an incredible sandcastle!)

9 The passé composé and the imparfait Sometimes you need to use both the passé composé and the imparfait in the same sentence. You can tell what was going on (imparfait) when another action happened (passé composé). Je jouais aux dames quand le téléphone a sonné. (I was playing checkers when the phone rang.)

10 The passé composé and the imparfait Use the mnemonic device CHEATED to help remember when to use the imparfait Continuous action Habitual action Endless action (weather, age) Time (only when saying what time it was) Emotion Description

11 Adverb placement Generally place adverbs that tell how much, how often, or how well someone does something after the conjugated verb. Je joue souvent aux dames et hier, jai bien joué. (I often play checkers and yesterday, I played well.)

12 Adverb placement Comme ci comme ça, quelquefois, and de temps en temps are exceptions. Je joue aux dames comme ci comme ça. De temps en temps, je joue avec ma soeur. Quelquefois je gagne, mais je perds quelquefois aussi. (Im alright at checkers. From time to time I play with my sister. Sometimes I win, but sometimes I lose too.)

13 Adverb placement Most other adverbs, such as those of time (hier, maintenant) and those ending in -ment usually go at the beginning or end of the sentence. o Normalement je passe le samedi avec mes copains. o (Normally I spend every Saturday with my friends.)


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