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GHG Emission and R&D Singapore Mar 2011. OUTLINE National Circumstances National Circumstances GHG Emissions GHG Emissions Policy Coordination Policy.

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Presentation on theme: "GHG Emission and R&D Singapore Mar 2011. OUTLINE National Circumstances National Circumstances GHG Emissions GHG Emissions Policy Coordination Policy."— Presentation transcript:

1 GHG Emission and R&D Singapore Mar 2011

2 OUTLINE National Circumstances National Circumstances GHG Emissions GHG Emissions Policy Coordination Policy Coordination R&D and Innovation R&D and Innovation

3 Singapores Second National Communication Inter-agency working group (IAWG) set up to draft Second NC Submitted to UNFCCC on 12 Nov 2010 Reported 2000* Greenhouse gas inventory figures (both sectoral and reference) Used revised 1996 IPCC Guidelines for GHG Inventory Singapore Second NC * COP decision 17/CP.8, non-Annex I Parties shall estimate national GHG inventories for the year 2000 for the Second NC

4 National Circumstances

5 Small, densely populated urban city-state, with land area of about 700 km 2 Population of ~ 5 million Alternative-energy disadvantaged o Limited scope for renewables o Dependence on imported fossil fuels National Circumstances

6 Singapores economic success and high per capita GDP tend to obscure the limitations faced as a small country. Singapore emits < 0.2% of the global total emission of carbon dioxide. Even if it were possible to stop all carbon emissions here, it would not make a difference if others do nothing. National Circumstances

7 Singapores small population and physical size make comparisons of Singapore and its emissions on a per capita basis with other countries potentially unfair. Singapore is what the UNFCCC recognises as an alternative energy disadvantaged country, dependent on fossil fuels. Very few options in pursuing renewable energy sources. National Circumstances

8 Despite the unique circumstances, Singapore has pledged to reduce emissions by 16% below BAU by 2020, contingent on a legally binding agreement in which all countries implement their commitments in good faith. Tough target - there will be economic and social costs to pay. National Circumstances

9 Policy Coordination Inter-Ministerial Committee on Climate Change headed by Senior Minister Mitigation: To formulate and implement domestic mitigation measures (MTI & MOF) Negotiations: To formulate international negotiation strategies (MFA) Resilience: To formulate adaptation responses (MEWR & MND) National Climate Change Secretariat under the PM Office Overall climate change policy coordination under the Prime Ministers Office

10 GHG Emissions

11 Singapores GHG Inventory The most significant GHG emitted in Singapore is CO 2 –Primarily produced by burning of fossil fuels to generate electricity used by the industry, building, household and transport sectors –IPCC Guidelines and default emission factors are used to compute GHG emissions –GHG emissions from agriculture, land-use change and forestry sectors are negligible –Small agricultural sector focuses mainly on produce, e.g. eggs, fish and vegetables for local consumption to supplement imports –Some orchids, ornamental fish grown and reared for export –Land use change is insignificant as much of the country has been developed, except for the central forest area which is a protected water catchment

12 GHG Emissions Singapores Total Emissions For the Year 2000 Type of GHGEmissions in CO2-equivalent (kilo tonnes) Emissions in CO2-equivalent (million tonnes) Percentage CO2 (combustion of fuels) 37,755.8137.7697.33% CH4111.720.110.29% N2O334.870.330.86% HFCs7.470.010.02% PFCs496.060.501.28% SF684.040.080.22% Total38,789.9738.79100% Methodology Used : Revised 1996 IPCC Guidelines for National GHG Inventories

13 GHG Emissions Energy Sector Emissions For the Year 2000 Switch to Cleaner Fuels Switch to Cleaner Fuels

14 R&D and Innovation

15 CLEAN ENERGY clean alternative energy sources have been the focus. Clean Energy Programme Office (CEPO) The Clean Energy Programme Office focus on cluster development, technology development and internationalisation, with an emphasis on solar energy. S$50 million Clean Energy Research Programme (CERP) aims to kick start R&D. Solar Energy Research Institute of Singapore (SERIS) With an investment of S$130 million over five years, this institute will conduct world-class industry-oriented research and development and train specialist manpower for the solar energy sector.

16 R&D and Innovation GREEN BUILDINGS S$50 million set aside over 5-year period for a new Research Fund for the Built Environment TEST BEDDING S$20 million Innovation for Environmental Sustainability (IES) Fund provides financial grants for companies to test-bed innovative technologies which contribute to environmental sustainability. Energy Audit of Common Services in Public Housing CNG Buses and Taxis Conversion of Diesel Commercial Vehicles to Run on CNG Energy Projects under IES Fund

17 R&D and Innovation S$20 million Solar Capability Scheme (SCS) was launched in 2008 to enhance capabilities among system integrators and developers of solar energy systems. S$17 million Clean Energy Research & Testbedding (CERT) programme allows facilities and buildings to be used as field laboratory for clean energy technologies, prior commercialisation TEST BEDDING SINERGY Centre @ Jurong Island Distributed Energy Systems and Microgrid Test Facilities Research & Development Facilities

18 Thank You

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