Presentation on theme: "GASTRONOMY AND FESTIVALS VALENCIAN COMMUNITY. INTRODUCTION This project work collects the public holiday and the festivals of the Valencian Community."— Presentation transcript:
INTRODUCTION This project work collects the public holiday and the festivals of the Valencian Community. Their main events, then, the historical character and the typical gastronomy of the differents festivals. The festivals are linked to the gastronomy and also to the dance, religous celebrations or polpular character. Moreover these festivals have undergone cultural, social, economic changes throughout the time.
1.- JANUARY New Year- January 1 P eople welcome the New Year has come. Typically, breakfast or teas chocolate, a form of eating chocolate are the truffles of Christmas. NEGRETS Ingredients: Eggs, sugar, ground almonds, chocolate vermicelli and cocoa powder.
The Parade Of Alcoy- January 5 The Parade of Maggi of Alcoy is the oldest in the world and it is considered a national tourist festival.
On January 5, the Maggi finally through the streets of Alcoy by camel and accompanied by his retinue real pages, "pastoret"... On the ride over a thousand participants. The pages go up to the houses by the help of long ladders facades. They carry with them gifts distributed among all the children of the city.
Day of three Kings- January 6 In Spain, it is custom that children receive gifts from the Kings. Its normal for children to write a letter to the kings asking for the gifts. They want and ensuring their good behaviour during the year, according to tradition, children who misbehave receive fresh coal instead of gifts.
COAL is sweet delicacies of Christmas dates that visually resembles coal THE TWISTED ROLL OF MAGGI, Its festive sweet bread ring- shaped, decorated with candied fruit slices of various colours.
Saint Vicente Martir- January 22 Hes the saint patron of Valencia The morning of January 22 occurs dolçainers site's performance and a procession dedicated to the saint who traveled through the places where according to tradition, was martyred. Ingredients: flour, sugar, olive oil, eggs, lemon rind. VALENCIANA Ingredients. Flour, sugar, grate lemon rind, olive oil and eggs.
2. FEBRUARY Saint Valentín – February 14 A popular festival that celebrates the day of love and friendship. As the typical desserts of this day we highlight sweets made with chocolate and strawberries, with the particularity that are heart-shaped cakes.
The Carnival – Late February Early March A carnival is a public celebration that takes place immediately before Christian Lent, with variable date, and combining elements such as costumes, parades and street parties In Valencia the carnivals are the most prominent of the Villar del Arzobispo, Ollería and Belgium.
The dessert most typical of these festivals, especially in Albaida is the " MERENGUE " Ingredients: eggs, sugar, water, lemon juice and powdered sugar.
3. MARCH FALLAS- From 15 To 19 of March The festivals that has gained strength during the twentieth century, displacing that, historically, was the "festivity" of the city (Corpus Christi). This has happened to convert the simple burning in a kind of theatrical performance, but with puppets made by the craftsmen themselves exposing and criticizing the social and political situation. But nobody doubts that FALLAS are the most important festivity of Valencia.
The biggest event: 15 of march: It starts to Fallas week, with la Plantá of the monuments which are paper- marche and some are spectaculars. The monuments are tribute to the imagination, satirical representation of everyday life and the worst things of the society. After these burn for its meaning disappears. 16 of march: It rewards the best Fallas, and it starts firework display night in the old Turia riverbed.
17 and 18 of march: It makes a floral offering to the Virgin of the Unprotected 18 of march: At night, there is firework display which is called Nit del Foc or night fire. 19 of march: It celebrates la Cremá or burning all Fallas, at night. First it burns the childrens fallas, then the rest and the last it buns the town halls falla. After it is the feast week end.
Within the valence cuisine and, specially, in the Fallas week include the sweets such as varieties of BUÑUELOS and the typical accompanying for HORCHATA are the FARTONS. FARTONS-ingredients: flour, water, butter, sugar, eggs, yeast and salt.
4.- APRIL EASTER (Semana Santa) Valencia and its lifestyle do peculiar adaptation of the rites of Easter, and thus it celebrates the Sailors Easter which is declared of tourist interest. Its origin is of century XV.
On Easter Sunday and Monday are holidays in Valencia which have a distinctly popular character/folk and country. Families and groups of friends go the old riverbed or to the beach, to eat Sausages or Buns of Easter (Longanizas de Pascua or Monas). Ingredients: flour, eggs, olive oil, sugar, grated lemon rind, yeast and water.
Saint Vicente Ferrer - 2º Sunday of Easter S. Vicente Ferrer is the saint patron of the Valencian Community. Visiting the Pouet (small well) is a custom of S. Vicent which is a chapel. The Monday there is a procession and it makes a floral offering. PILOTES DE FRARE Ingredients: water, sugar, milk, egg and yeast. Ingredients for the cream: milk, eggs, flour and sugar.
5.- MAY MOORS AND CHRISTIANS – MAY 1 The festival Moors and Christians remembers to recapture of the iberian peninsula. In the Valencian Community, it celebrates in different villages and cities, and also in dates differents.
THE CROSSES OF MAY (LAS CRUCES DE MAYO)– MAY 3 THE CROSSES OF MAY (LAS CRUCES DE MAYO)– MAY 3 Valencia decorates its streets and squares and places with the wonderful crosses of flowers. This festival is declared of tourist interest because of its origin is in the Middle Ages.
One of sweets typical of Valencia is ALMENDRADOS. ALMENDRADOS. Ingredients: grinded (molida)almond, sugar, eggs and grated lemon rind
Virgin Of The Unprotected- 2º Sunday of May The Virgin is the patron saint patron of Valencia and the region as well. Another important Valencian sweet is ALAJÚ ALAJÚ Ingredients: sugar, honey, almond, orange, breadcrumbs and wafers.
Corpus Christi– 64 days after Easter The city, its streets are decorated and people take part in a general procession, in which the Blessed Sacrament be accompanied by officials and clerics of the city. The city, its streets are decorated and people take part in a general procession, in which the Blessed Sacrament be accompanied by officials and clerics of the city.
ARNADI Its a traditional sweets of many Valencian villages. Ingredients: almond, juice of lemon, roasted pumpkin puree, juice of orange, eggs, cinnamon and sugar.
6. June Saint John- June 24 At nights eve, in the beaches people skip over the waves and burn old things in bonfires which has an ancestral and purifier origin. This is the This is the most most important importantfestival in Alicante. in Alicante.
Among the wide range of sweets that it has Valencian kitchen, one of the most popular is the " ROSEGONS. Ingredients: eggs, flour, almond, sugar and yeast
7. July July Fair / Battle of Flowers - July 21 During the month of July to encourage and attraction to outsiders, the City proposed to hold an annual fair and an exhibition of all of its products. And the battle of flowers takes place Also it celebrates competitions of bands, bullfights, concerts and many other activities.
That better sweet to enjoy one of the leading fairs in Valencia, that the typicals GARRAPIÑADAS ALMONDS. Ingredients: sugar, water, lemon and almond
8.- AUGUST Virgin of the Assumption or the Miracle- August 15 This festival is celebrated in Spain. In Valencia this is important because it is the oldest procession of the city. The typical product of the Valencian community is the. ROSQUILLETAS. Ingredients: olive oil, flour, yeast and salt
The Mystery of Elche – august 14 and 15 august 14 and 15 Its a sacred-lyrical religious drama that recreates the Death, Assumption and Coronation of the Virgin Mary. Its a sacred-lyrical religious drama that recreates the Death, Assumption and Coronation of the Virgin Mary. It was declared a Masterpiece of Oral and Intangible World Heritage by UNESCO and it is also national holiday of tourist interest.
Festival of the water- end August early September The dawn of 23, there are water fights, throwing water from balconies, rooftops, with hoses, buckets, etc. The community has a remarkably Valencian citrus production and which you can do variety of deserts. Llimonets i Tarongetes. Llimonets i Tarongetes. (PRESERVED LEMONS (PRESERVED LEMONS AND ORANGES) AND ORANGES)
9. SEPTEMBER Rice Festival of Sueca- 2nd Sunday of September The Rice Festival is a celebration that blends culinary tradition with cultural performances, in addition, people involved enjoy tasting the traditional paella and drinking with friends.
PAELLA VALENCIANA Its the typical dish of Valencia and one of the leaders of the Spanish gastronomy. Ingredients: chicken, rabbit, green beans, lima beans, green pepper, saffron, tomatoes, rice, salt and olive oil. The paella is variety of ways to be.
10. October Day of the Valencian Community- October 9 The day of San Dionisio, Valencia celebrates the triumphal entry of King James I to the city, and the adoption of the Statute of Autonomy.
This day is the day of love in Valencia and in which the lovers give each mocaorá which is a silk handkerchief in which there inside of MAZAPAN SWEETS. Ingredients: almond, icing sugar, water, eggs, grated lemon rind and ground cinnamon
ColumbusColumbus Day (Dia de la Hispanidad ) - october 12 Day ColumbusDay This day commemorates the discovery of America by Spain and the birth of the spanish empire. Held a military parade in Madrid attended by the Royal Family and the most important representatives of all branches of government Held a military parade in Madrid attended by the Royal Family and the most important representatives of all branches of government
TORRIJAS Ingredients: hard bread, milk, eggs, olive oil, cinnamon, sugar and lemon rind.
11.- NOVEMBER All Saints Day- November 1 It celebrates in Spain on All Saints Day, this feast is dedicated to the memory of the dead and much of the population is engaged to visit the cemeteries to bring flowers A most important sweets is the PANALLETS A most important sweets is the PANALLETS (its origin is on the century XVIII) Ingredients: almond, sugar, potatoes, eggs, grated lemon rind, pine nuts and shredded coconut
12.- DECEMBER Inmaculada Concepción- december 8 This virgin is the spanish patron. In the Valencian Community, specially, the people make cocas. cocas. Ingredients: flour, eggs, milk, olive oil, sugar and yeast
Christmas Eve and Christmas Day – December 24 and 25 In Spain, the christmas gastronomy is rich and varied.
NOUGAT (turrón) Ingredients: honey, sugar, eggs, almond and lemon.
POLVORÓN Ingredients: flour, sugar, lard(manteca de cerdo), toast almond and icing sugar (glas). ALFAJOR Caramel Sandwich Cookies
SUGARED ALMONDS (peladillas) Ingredients: almonds and sugar DATES(dátil) Its a fruit
The Holy Innocents, The Holy Innocents, known as The Crazies (in Valencia) December 28 Jokes of all kinds are made.
New Year's Eve – December 31 It is tradition to eat the twelve grapes at the rate of twelve strokes, and once it enters the year provides for a prosperous New Year. A singular place, in Spain to eat the12 grapes, is at Puerta del Sol (The Suns Door) from Madrid, in the old town in madrid, km 0.