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HERON FAMILY family Ardeidae order Ciconiiformes.

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Presentation on theme: "HERON FAMILY family Ardeidae order Ciconiiformes."— Presentation transcript:

1 HERON FAMILY family Ardeidae order Ciconiiformes

2 Herons, Egrets, Bitterns Green Heron Great Egret Great Blue Heron Yellow Crowned Night Heron Black- Crowned Night Heron Least Bittern American Bittern Close to shore Wade in deeper water Motionless near log or bank Reeds Shallow at night

3 Shy Strong fliers S-shape Migratory

4 ADAPTATIONS Legs Toes Bill Neck Powder down areas of feathers Serrated middle claw

5 PREDATORS/CARNIVORES

6 NESTING Defend territory Colonies – rookeries Solitray Mixed colonies – herons Stick nest – trees – herons & egrets Grass nest – ground – bitterns Incubation 2 ½-4 week depending upon species Some incubate when 1 st egg is laid Altricial - remaining in nest 2 -3 weeks

7 FEEDING YOUNG Regurgitate Partly digested food Whole fish, frogs, snakes Trigger

8 PREY Foxes Minks Hawks Raccoons Crows and tree-climbing snakes may rob unguarded nests.

9 MALES Aggressive – fight Harsh calls Elaborate & instinctive motions Bright colors

10 VISITORS TO PA Little Blue Cattle egret Snowy egret

11 GREAT BLUE HERON 38 long and 70 wingspan Largest of dark herons Ardea herodias

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14 EGGS Incubation by both sexes -28 days weeks Mom & dad feed chicks

15 HABITAT Saltwater or freshwater Remote Near trees Loss Propagation areas

16 GREEN-BACKED HERON Small – 14 long & wingspread 25 Butorides striatus

17 HABITAT

18 NESTING Shrubs Trees Orchards Pair Loose colony Not as friendly as blue Twigs & sticks Flimsy Male selects & starts Female finishes

19 GREAT EGRET Casmerodius albus 32 long & 55 wingspread, 2 tall

20 CONSERVATION LAWS

21 DIET Fish Small mammals Amphibians Insects

22 HABITAT Colonies trees Beech & red maple w/other heron species Swamps Lakes Ponds Susquehanna river shallows Islands and mudflats Habitat

23 NESTING Nest lined with leaves, moss, grass 3-4

24 BLACK -CROWNED NIGHT HERON Nycticorax nycticorax

25 FOOD Carnivore

26 HABITAT Fresh, salt and brackish waters, Forests Thickets even city parks!

27 NESTING 3-5 eggs Incubation days Both sexes build nest 2-5 days

28 YELLOW-CROWNED NIGHT HERON

29 BLACK VS. YELLOW Longer legs Higher pitched call Yellow patch head Black & white head

30 DIET Frogs Fish Lizards Salamanders Insects

31 NESTING 3-5 eggs Incubation days Both sexes build nest 2-5 days

32 AMERICAN BITTERN Botaurus lentiginosus

33 AMERICAN BITTERN

34 NESTING Solitary nesters Ground platform of cattails, reeds, or grasses 3 – 7 eggs

35 LEAST BITTERN Ixobrychus exilis

36 HIDING

37 FOOD

38 NESTING 4 -5 eggs


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