2AlliterationDefinition: The __________________of initial consonant sounds
3AlliterationExamples: 1. The deep churned. Something had happened down in the dim, foggy-green depths. --Paul Annixter,"Battle in the Depths" 2. Touch each object you want to touch as if tomorrow your tactile sense would fail. --Helen Keller, "The Seeing See Little"
4SimileDefinition: A figure of speech that uses like or as to make a _____________________ between two unlike ideas
5Simile Examples: 1. Concrete mixers move like elephants As precise as a surgeonHe fights like a lion
6MetaphorDefinition: A figure of speech in which something is _____________ as though it were something else- does not use like or as
7MetaphorExamples:Even a child could carry my dog. He’s such a feather.We would have had more pizza to eat if Tammy hadn’t been such a pig.
8PersonificationDefinition: A type of figurative language in which a _________________ is given human characteristics
9PersonificationExample: The wind stood up and gave a shout. He whistled on his fingers and Kicked the withered leaves about And thumped the branches with his hand And said he'd kill and kill and kill, And so he will and so he will. -James Stephens, "The Wind"
10OnomatopoeiaDefinition: Use of words that ___________sounds
11OnomatopoeiaExample: It SHUSHES, It hushes, The loudness in the road. It flitter-twitters, And laughs away from me. It laughs a lovely whiteness, And whitely whirs away, To be, Some otherwhere, Still white as milk or shirts, So beautiful it hurts. -Cynthia in the Snow, Gwendolyn Brooks
12RhymeDefinition: The ______________of sounds at the ends of words- sometimes used to emphasize words or ideas or give the poem a song-like quality
13RhymeExample:Three blind mice, three blind mice, See how they run, see how they run, They all ran after the farmer's wife, Who cut off their tails with a carving knife, Did you ever see such a thing in your life, As three blind mice?
14End RhymeDefinition: Rhyming words at the _______of lines
15End Rhyme Do you like green eggs and ham? Example:Do you like green eggs and ham?I do not like them, Sam-I-am.I do not like green eggs and ham.From“Green Eggs and Ham” by Dr. Seuss
16Internal RhymeDefinition: Rhyming words __________the lines
17Internal Rhyme Example: Deep into that darkness peering, long I stood there wondering, fearing, Doubting, dreaming dreams no mortal ever dared to dream beforeFrom “The Raven” by Edgar Allan Poe
18Rhyming CoupletDefinition: Two _____________ lines of poetry that rhyme and have the same meter
19Rhyming CoupletExample:Singing he was, or fluting all the day; He was as fresh as is the month of May.From “The Canterbury Tales” by Geoffrey Chaucer
20Rhyme SchemeDefinition: A ________ ___________of rhyming words in a poem
21Rhyme SchemeExample: There once was a big brown cat a That liked to eat a lot of mice. b He got all round and fat a Because they tasted so nice. b
22Multiple MeaningsDefinition: Words or phrases that have _____than one meaning
23Multiple Meanings Examples: Bank- The side of a river or a place for money?Sole- Part of the foot, a fish, or only?Wind- A current of air or to turn round and round?
24ImageryDefinition: The use of vivid language to appeal to one or more of the _____senses
25ImageryExamples: Taste: a tall frosted glass of lemonade, pink sweetness of the watermelon Sound: crackling underbrush Touch: tepid water, damp jeans Smell: sweaty clothes
26AllusionDefinition: A brief reference to a person, place, thing, idea, or _______in history or literature
27AllusionExample: "Christy didn't like to spend money. She was no Scrooge, but she seldom purchased anything except the bare necessities". The allusion is to Ebeneezer Scrooge from Charles Dickens’ A Christmas Carol.
29Meter And the sound of a voice that is still Examples:And the sound of a voice that is stillTell me not in mournful numbers
30SymbolDefinition: Anything that stands for or represents ___________else
31SymbolExample:Two roads diverged in a wood, and I— I took the one less traveled by, And that has made all the difference.From “The Road Not Taken” By Robert FrostThe forked road is a symbol representing choices in life.
32Shakespearean SonnetDefinition: A sonnet which has ________lines, iambic pentameter, and follows the ababcdcdefefgg pattern
33Shakespearean SonnetExample: SONNET 12 When I do count the clock that tells the time, And see the brave day sunk in hideous night; When I behold the violet past prime, And sable curls all silver'd o'er with white; When lofty trees I see barren of leaves Which erst from heat did canopy the herd, And summer's green all girded up in sheaves Borne on the bier with white and bristly beard, Then of thy beauty do I question make, That thou among the wastes of time must go, Since sweets and beauties do themselves forsake And die as fast as they see others grow; And nothing 'gainst Time's scythe can make defence Save breed, to brave him when he takes thee hence.
34Iambic PentameterDefinition: an ____________line with five feet or accents, each foot containing an unaccented syllable and an accented syllable
35Iambic PentameterExample: From Sonnet 6 SONNET 6 Then let not winter's ragged hand deface In thee thy summer, ere thou be distill'd: Make sweet some vial; treasure thou some place
37ababcdcdefefggExample: Sonnet 18 Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? A Thou art more lovely and more temperate: B Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, A And summer's lease hath all too short a date: B Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines, C And often is his gold complexion dimm'd; D And every fair from fair sometime declines, C By chance or nature's changing course untrimm'd; D But thy eternal summer shall not fade E Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest; F Nor shall Death brag thou wander'st in his shade, E When in eternal lines to time thou growest: F So long as men can breathe or eyes can see, G So long lives this and this gives life to thee. G