16Flea Allergy Dermatitis (FAD) is an allergy to flea saliva that makes the dog itchy, so they start to scratch.You might not even see a flea – but the bite sets off a reaction.Breaking the skin allows bacteria to get in and the dog gets an infectionSo what are bacteria?
17Flea Allergy Dermatitis ( infection) (Bacteria is a single cell organism.They are capable of reproducing on their own without the use of a host cell.Bacteria exist in all environmentsThe dog will need treatment
18Three Pronged Approach Effective treatment programme MUST havekill fleas currently on your petand kill fleas all other animals in your householdkill fleas in the environment
19FleasSleeping areas can be contaminated with eggs, larvae and pupae, plus shaded areas outside harbour all flea stages
20REMEMBER you will only see 5% of the actual flea population on your pet The rest are on the house and garden – mainly where you sit and sleepFleas also carry Flea Tapeworm (Dipylidium caninum)Bathing your dog will reduce fleas and help remove eggs and dirt from the coat, and if an insecticidal shampoo is used, kill, any live fleas on an animal but follow up treatment is always required.
21Flea sprays What are the problems associated with using these? ToxicityDo they workHow oftenPermethrin is toxic to cats
22Top SpotsThese vary and not all products are the same. Older style products can be toxic poisons and care must be taken when applying them. If you overdose, or share a dog product on cats, you might kill them.ional/363769/Pedigree- killed-in-flea-product-mix- up- Bayer Spotton - see next slide
23Products to treat Fleas Spotton Liquid for Large Dogs (1ml) Convenient once a month flea treatment for dogsUsing older technology Spotton for dogs provides a low cost flea treatment option from a pre measured tube. Spotton is oil soluble and after application is distributed via the skin glands that supply coat oil. This method guarantees that the entire coat is protected after applying Spotton behind your dogs head.200g/L Fenthion-%20Dog.pdfclassic symptoms of poisoning with Spotton's chemicals, known as organophosphates excessive salivation, slowed heart rate, shivering and shaking, depression and vomiting
24Top SpotsNewer products are a lot safer, but they are not without side effects and there are laws coming into effect to check their action due to reports of side effects.chemfin.pdfDO NOT USE ON CHILDREN.
25Surface Top SpotsAbsorbed only through oils ( Sebum) on coat and kill fleas quickly – as soon as they get on which is ideal for pets with FAD – eg Advantage= ImidaclopridFrontline Plus is Fipronil + (s)Methoprene which is an Insect growth regulators that inhibit hatching of the flea pupa
26Products to treat Fleas Top SpotsProducts that are not toxic to the pet but are absorbed into the body – redistributed to oils to kill fleas, but also kill some worms and a selection of mites. E.g. Advocate
28RevolutionRevolution works by penetrating the skin and entering your pet's bloodstream.Concentrations of selamectin, the active ingredient, in the tissue and bloodstream prevent heartworm disease (useful in Australia and America. )Selamectin also redistributes into the skin from the bloodstream and kills adult fleas, ticks, and ear mites, and prevents flea eggs from hatching.It is also an anthelmintic, which means it fights to expel parasitic worms.Parasites ingest the drug when they feed on the animal's blood.Revolution is safe for pregnant and lactating pets.
32Fleas Keeping the fleas off your pet treat every weeks (depends on species and product used)ALWAYS CHECK LABELS FOR AGES LICENCED FOR – eg kittens and puppiesDO NOT USE ON HUMANS!!!!
33Applying productsller.com/frontlineplus/ killing-101/how-to- apply/Use multiple areas on large dogs
34The EnvironmentVacuum carpets regularly and discard debris.
35Flea contraceptives….Treat furnishings and carpets throughout the home with combination I.G.R. treatment (Indorex Fogger, Indorex Target and Indorex Spray).These inhibit pupa hatching and so on – read more here virbacnzpuben/display.aspx?srv=p- virbacnz&typ=pub&lang=en&cmd=v iew&style=styles/popup.xsl&select= &generic1=sendfriend&fav=yes&cont act=sendmail
42Cheyletiella Mites Called “walking dandruff” See in dogs, cats, rabbits and humansLives on skin and hairCauses white scaly flakes and itchiness (pruritus).Can diagnose it with sellotape and then look under microscope.
49Speaker Notes AvailEar MitesOtodectesLive in external ear canal but can be found on the bodyHead shaking, waxy dischargeCats can be carriers with no signsQUESTION: Can a cat with ear mites infect a dog – living in the same house?ANSWER: yes
50Ear MitesCan cause a secondary bacterial infection called Otitis ExternaEar pinnae is red, hot swollen (inflammation)Smelly ears“coffee grounds”- black gritty discharge
52Ear mitesEar mites in canalNormal ear canalSee the ear mites!
53Treatment Ear drops can be used on all in contact animals There are injections available – but they are not licenced for use in small animals, so and special permission is required from owners before vets can use themAlso, not suitable for all breeds of dogs , particularly collie family.
55Demodex mite Demodectic mange Microscopic and transmitted by bitch to her pupsFound normally in hair follicles, but some dogs have immunity problem and it grows too much
56Demodex Immune SystemThe immune system is the body's defense against infectious organisms and other invaders. Through a series of steps called the immune response, the immune system attacks organisms and substances that invade body systems and cause disease
57Localised form of demodex Usually see bald areas on head and neck
62The low-down on liceLice are wingless insects that live their whole lives on pets.Cats and dogs have their own species of lice, neither of which infect humans.Lice live on your pet’s skin and feed on their skin debris.Female lice lay their eggs in the pet’s coat and these become glued to the hairs. (nits)
64The low-down on lice Lice are not a common problem in healthy pets – If they are unwell or very young pets are more likely to suffer from them.They will make the pet itchy
65RingwormIs a Fungal infection which is caused by microscopic organisms (fungi) that can live on the skin. They can live on the dead tissues of the hair, nails, and outer skin layers.
66Ringworm Causes patches of broken hair – usually in circular pattern Contagious to other animals and peopleBroken fur has spores in it that spread infection through environment or by contact
67Ringworm – is not a parasite!!! The lesion can be checked – it can have fungal cultures taken.Microsporum forms will be tested for “fluorescence” under a woods lamp but Trichophyton does not show this way