Presentation on theme: "Preparing for Section A Summer 2014"— Presentation transcript:
1Preparing for Section A Summer 2014 Decorated cakesPreparing for Section ASummer 2014
2Section A Decorated cakes You may be required to design two different cakes with annotation, colour, ingredients, technical words etcYou may be asked to write a method and/or quality controls for one of the designs.You may be asked to design for a specific theme or diet.You will need to add as much detail as possible to demonstrate your knowledge of cakes. The following tasks are design to refresh your knowledge.Complete exam paper section A for each one to practice your sketching and annotation etc
3Creamed & All in one Equal amounts of sugar, flour and fat to eggs. Creaming method:Fat and sugar creamed together until light and fluffy (traps air), eggs are mixed a little at a time, then flour is folded in to retain air.Light fluffy textureAll in one method:All ingredients are mixed together until a smooth mix is achieved.Keywords: Creaming, all in one, mechanical raising agents, chemical raising agents. Fat to flour Ratio 1:1
4Revision task 1Make a batch of 12 fairy cakes using creaming and all in one methods:120g self raising flour120g caster sugar120g butter2 large eggsDivide the ingredients halve, make 6 cakes using the creaming method and 6 using the all in one.Decorate the cakes by making glace or butter cream icing.
5Answer these questions 1. Was there a difference in the finished results between the two methods? 2. Which cake method rose more? 3. Which had a better texture? 4. Explain the reasons for your answers 5. What difference does using butter make instead of margarine? 6. Although margarine works well in cakes why is it not advisable to use a low fat spread? 7. Explain the sensory differences between butter cream and glace icing.
6Whisked sponge (fatless) Eggs and sugar whisked and then flour, baking powder etc is folded in to retain air. Eggs may be separated and yolks and whites whisked separately. Can be used to make:Gateau Swiss rollFruit flanLower in caloriesDoes not keep(Some gateau’s will contain fat)Keywords: Fatless sponge, gateau, swiss roll, whisked, mechanical raising agent. No fat added
7Revision task 2 – Make a Swiss roll Using a whisked sponge method, you can use fresh cream or butter cream to fill the layers.The sponge can be plain or flavoured/and or coloured.100g caster sugar4 eggs100g plain flour10g cocoa (optional)1 dessert spoon of caster sugarChoice of fillingKeywords: Whisking, coagulation
81. Preheat oven to 220c or Gas mark 7 2. Put the eggs and sugar into the bowl.4. Using an electric mixer whisk the eggs and sugar until it is thick and glossy. It should leave a trail in the bowl for a few seconds.5. Use a sieve to add flour then fold in carefully with a metal spoon.6. Pour into the tin. Bake for 10 minutes until the top springs back when lightly pressed.(N.B You could whisk the egg whites separately and add to the whisked sugar and yolk mix)
9Answer these questions 1. What is coagulation? 2. Why is it important that the mixture holds a trail? 3. Why do these whisked sponges have a shorter shelf life? 4. Trimming the edges neatens but aids the rolling process, why is that? 5. Why is it important to roll whilst still fairly warm? 6. If using cream it is important to allow the sponge to cool first. State the two ways in which the sponge could be allowed to cool but could still allow rolling.
10Melting method Brownies Gingerbread/Parkin Fat and sugar ingredients are melted in a saucepan:• Texture tends to be much heavier than other cakes and wont rise much• Bicarbonate of soda can be used to create a lighter texture
11Revision task 3 - Brownies Using this recipe as a base make your own Brownies50g unsalted butter, cubed100g dark chocolate2 medium eggs125g caster sugar50g plain flour1/2 tsp baking powder15g unsweetened cocoa powder50g dried fruit or chocolate pieces
121. Preheat your oven to 160°C/gas 4 and line a 20cm (8in) square baking tin with baking parchment. 2. Melt the butter and chocolate in a heat-proof bowl placed over a pan of simmering water. Stir, then leave to cool slightly.3. Using an electric hand-held whisk, mix the eggs and sugar together in a large bowl until the mixture is pale and thick enough to hold a trail when the beaters are lifted.4. Carefully fold the chocolate mixture into the whisked eggs. Sift the flour, baking powder and cocoa powder together over the mixture and gently fold these in too.5. Finally, fold in the chocolate pieces. Pour the mixture into the prepared baking tin and bake for minutes, or until nicely crusted but still soft in the middle.
13Answer these questions What other cake types use the melting method?What texture should a Brownie have?How could you decorate the top?Bicarbonate of soda is a chemical raising agent, can you name other cakes it might be used in?Why is it not used in other cakes like Victoria sponge etc?What raising agent can be used instead?
14Rubbing in methodAir is trapped in sieving the flour and by lightly (with finger tips) rubbing thefat in to the flour.Raising agents in the flour help the cake to riseKeywords: Rubbing in, mechanical raising agent.
15Revision task 4 - Muffins Make a batch of Muffins using the recipe below as a guide:250g self raising flour1 tsp baking powder50g soft margarine75g caster sugar175g blueberriesGrated rind of a lemon2 large eggs250ml milk
16Preheat the oven to 180c Gas mark 6. Line a 12 hole muffin tin with cases.Put the flour and baking powder into a bowl and rub in the margarine until it resembles fine breadcrumbs.Stir in the sugar, blueberries and lemon rind.Mix together the eggs and milk then pour over the dry mix.Mix quickly to blend (it will have a lumpy consistency)Spoon into the cases.Bake for about 25mins.
17Answer these questions Name three recipes that use the rubbing in method.What gives muffins their unique texture?What is the raising agent in this recipe?What other fruit would be suitable for muffins?
18CheesecakeCheesecake is a sweet dish consisting of two or more layers. The main, or thickest layer, consists of a mixture of soft cream cheese, cream, eggs, and sugar; the bottom layer is often a crust or base made from crushed biscuits. It may be baked or unbaked. Cheesecake is usually sweetened with sugar and may be flavoured or topped with fruit.Keywords: Melting, setting agents, lemon, gelatine.
19Revision task 5 - Cheesecake Select a cheesecake to make – you must usegelatine or similar as a setting agent.Decorate the top using a mixture offresh fruit.
20Answer these questions Why is gelatine not suitable for vegetarian or vegan diets?Name two other ways to ‘set’ the mixture.Traditionally digestive biscuits are used, what could be used instead?
21Revision task 6 – decorated cake Design and make a decorated sponge cake. You can use any decoration but the cake must be:Attractively finishedCompletely covered in decoration2 or 3 layers with a filling of your choice
22Example Fat to flour ratio Raising agent Basic recipe All in one Victoria SandwichFairy cakes1:1Self raising flour100g SR Flour100g fat100g sugar2eggsCreamingBaking powderWhiskedSwiss rollFruit flanGateauNo fat addedAir (whisking)Steam50g plain flour50g sugar2 eggsMeltingGingerbreadBrowniesBicarbonate ofSodaRubbing inFruit cakeSconesWelsh cakes1:2 cakes1:4 sconesSelf raising flour or
23Raising agents Mechanical: Something we ‘do’: creaming, whisking, sieving, kneading etc.Chemical:Something we ‘add’: bicarbonate of soda, baking powder.Biological:Something we ‘add’: yeast, used in bread products, both sweet and savoury.
24FlourFlour as an ingredient has many different and important functions:Provides fibre (especially if wholemeal)If Self-Raising, makes mixtures riseThickens saucesForms the bulk of bread, pastry and cake mixesIf wholemeal, provides colour and textureGluten in flour produces a stretchy doughProvides carbohydrate, Vitamin B, calcium and iron
25Sugar Provides sweetness If brown, provides colour and texture Large amounts prevent micro-organism growth (for example, jam/marmalade)Caramelises to produce a brown colourRetains moistureHelps to trap air in cake mixturesProvides carbohydrate
26Eggs Hold air when beaten Coagulate (sets) when heated Add colour to mixturesThickens sauces, custards, etc.Glaze bread, scones and pastryBind ingredients togetherProvide protein, fat, iron and Vitamins A, B, and E
27Fats and oils Fats and oils are essential ingredients in many dishes: Provide flavourKeep products moist and extend shelf-lifeAdd colour to foodsMake pastry 'short' by coating the flour to stop gluten developingHold air when creamed with sugarOil forms an emulsion with liquids (for example, mayonnaise)Provide energy and Vitamins A and D
28IcingGlace –icing sugar mixed with small amounts of water and colouring.Butter cream – icing sugar mixed with butter or margarine. Can add cocoa for a chocolate butter cream.Fondant - pliable icing used for sugar craftRoyal – firm icing used in formal cakes such as wedding and Christmas cakes.
29Ganache Usually made by heating cream and adding chocolate. Qualities: Rich colourSmooth finish