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Raed Z. Ahmed, Medical Parasitology Lab., Prepared By: Mr. Raed Z. Ahmed

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Counting helminthes eggs in feces The intensity of an intestinal helminthes infection may sometimes be indicated by the concentration of its eggs in feces. Eggs counts can be value in epidemiological surveys. The approximate number of eggs per gram of feces can be calculated by using formal ether technique. When a more accurate count is required the Stolls method can be used. Raed Z. Ahmed, Medical Parasitology Lab.,

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Stolls technique procedures 1.Weight 3 grams of feces in a screw cap container. 2.Add 42 ml of water to give (1/15) dilution of the feces. – If the feces are formed specimen, use sodium hydroxide 0.1mol/l solution instead of water. 3.Using a rod, break up the feces and mix it with the water. 4.Cap the container and shake hard to complete in mixing. 5.Using a graduated plastic bulled pipette, or a Pasteur pipette marked to measure the required volume, pick 150 μl of the suspension and transfer this slide. 6.Cover the slide with long coverslip if available, or two squares coverslips. 7.Examine systematically the entire preparation, using 10x objective. Include the count any eggs laying outside the edges of the coverslip because these are contained in 150 μl sample. Raed Z. Ahmed, Medical Parasitology Lab.,

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Continue ………… 8.Multiply the number of eggs counted by 100 to give the number of eggs per gram of feces. – If the specimen isnt formed, the following additional calculation is necessary to give the number of eggs per gram. Fluid specimen *5 Unformed watery specimen *4 Unformed soft specimen *3 Semiformed specimen *2 9.Calculate the number of eggs per day, by multiplying the number of eggs per gram by the total weight of 24hrs fecal specimen. 10.Calculate the number of burden worm by dividing the number of eggs per gram on number of eggs the parasite laying per day. Raed Z. Ahmed, Medical Parasitology Lab.,

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The Center For Disease Control, Atlanta Interpretation of result ProtozoaHelminthes Rare2-5 / coverslip Few1 / 5-10 HPF1-2 / LPF Moderate1-2/ HPF or 1/ 2-3 HPF1 / 5-10 HPF ManySeveral / HPFSeveral / LPF Raed Z. Ahmed, Medical Parasitology Lab.,

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Ascaris lumbricoides Ascaris lumbricoides is the giant roundworm of human, inhabit small intestine and cause Ascariasis. There are three diagnostic stages for Ascaris lumbricoides : – Fertilized eggs. – Unfertilized eggs.. – Adult: Male: has a coiled posterior end, 2 minute spicules and no copulatory bursa – cm in length. Female: oviparous have straight, pointed tail and no spicules. (lay 200,000 eggs daily) – cm in length. Infective stage: Embryonated eggs. Raed Z. Ahmed, Medical Parasitology Lab.,

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Ascaris lumbricoides Ova Diagnosis: – Stool analysis to detect unfertilized eggs, fertilized eggs or adult. There are 3 shapes of ova: – Embryonated egg Corticated and Decorticated – Fertilized egg Corticated and Decorticated – Unfertilized egg Corticated and Decorticated Raed Z. Ahmed, Medical Parasitology Lab.,

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Ascaris lumbricoides Adult Raed Z. Ahmed, Medical Parasitology Lab.,

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Ascaris lumbricoides Unfertilized Egg CorticatedDecorticated Raed Z. Ahmed, Medical Parasitology Lab.,

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Ascaris lumbricoides Fertilized Egg CorticatedDecorticated Raed Z. Ahmed, Medical Parasitology Lab.,

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Ascaris lumbricoides Embryonated Egg CorticatedDecorticated Raed Z. Ahmed, Medical Parasitology Lab.,

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Ascaris Lumbricoides Larvae Raed Z. Ahmed, Medical Parasitology Lab.,

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