Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Cooking with Dairy and Eggs

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Cooking with Dairy and Eggs"— Presentation transcript:

1 Cooking with Dairy and Eggs

2 Cooking Principles of Dairy

3 Cooking Principles Because milk is protein food, special care must be taken during cooking to prevent the following: Scum Formation-a solid layer that often forms on the surface of milk during heating. To prevent scum formation, stir the milk during heating and cover the pan. Boiling over-usually caused by scum formation. Use low heat to prevent.

4 Continued Scorching-burning that results in a color change. To prevent, use low heat. Curdling-high temperature, acids, tannins, enzymes and salts cause the milk proteins to coagulate and cause clumps. Use a low temperature and fresh milk to prevent.

5 Preparing Common Milk Based Foods
White Sauce-starch thickened milk product. Classic White Sauce is prepared with a roux- a cooked paste of flour and fat. Melt 1 part fat over low heat. Stir in 1 part flour to form a roux. Stir in milk. Stir constantly as you cook the mixture over medium heat until it thickens into a smooth sauce. You can use a slurry (a liquid mixture of milk and flour) to thicken a white sauce.

6 Preparing Other Sauces and Gravy
To make a cheese sauce, stir grated cheese into a basic white sauce after it has thickened. To make gravy-juices from meat are used in place of some or all the milk to give gravy flavor.

7 Cheese Cheese is a concentrated form of milk.
To make cheese, milk is coagulated-the curd (solid part) is separated from the whey(liquid part)

8 Cooking with Cheese Like all high protein foods, heat can adversely affect cheese. If you cook cheese at too high of a temperature, the cheese will become rubbery and tough.

9 Eggs as ingredients Objective 7.05 9

10 Emulsifiers Mixture that forms when you combine liquids that ordinarily do not mix Example: 10

11 Thickeners Heat causes the protein in eggs to coagulate (thicken)
Eggs can be used alone as the thickening agent or used with starch Example: 11

12 Binding Agents Hold together ingredients in foods that normally would not stick together. Example: Meatloaf 12

13 Interfering Agents Ice cream and sherbet stay creamy because of the eggs in them Eggs prevent the formation of ice crystals. Example: 13

14 Egg Foams Created by adding air to food by beating and whipping 14

15 Factors Affecting Egg Foams
Temperature separate easily when cold can be beaten to max. volume when at room temperature let stand at room temperature for 30 minutes before beating Beating Time Can be underbeaten or overbeaten Fat and Fat containing ingredients Egg yolk will inhibit formation of foam Use glass or metal bowl and clean beaters Acid Makes egg whites more stable…. Example is cream of tarter Sugar Increases stability Increases beating time…add when foam has reached most of its volume 15

16 Stage 1 Foamy Bubbles and foam on the surface…mixture will flow out of bowl when tilted 16

17 Stage 2 Soft peaks Have reached full volume Look white and shiny
When you lift beaters out of foam, foam will stand in peaks that curl over at the tip 17

18 Stage 3 Stiff peaks Full volume White and shiny
When you lift the beaters, peaks will stand up straight 18


20 Stages of Foam Formation
Foamy: small bubbles Soft: looks white, moist, shiny peaks that fold over Stiff: peaks stand upright Dry: gone too far, breaks down & looks curdled From PowerPoint Presentation tool for Understanding Food, 1 edition by Reprinted with permission of Wadsworth, an imprint of the WadsworthGroup, a division of Thompson Learning

21 Souffles Figure 13-10 The main ingredients of a soufflé are a thick base generally made from a white sauce or pastry cream, an egg white foam, and flavoring ingredients White sauce: A mixture of flour, milk, and usually fat. Stiffly beaten egg whites are folded into the thick egg yolk mixture. A soufflé is actually a modified omelet. The soufflé originated in France. Soufflé literally mean “puff.” Heat causes expansion of air in foam. BULLET 2 – To fold, place a mixing utensil in the center of the mixture, move the utensil in a downward stroke, then across the bowl, & then come bring the utensil back up. Move bowl in a circular motion during the folding process. Folding helps to prevent overcoagulation of the protein. Place in ungreased glass cup or baking dish, so soufflé can cling to sides. Due to the heat of the oven, there is expansion of air in foam causing the soufflé to rise (puff). Baking in a water bath will help to decrease the chances of overcoagulation of the outer edges. You will bake your soufflé in a water bath. A water bath consists of placing the souffle mixture in a baking dish and then placing the dish in a pan of water.



24 Dry Heat Moist heat Preparation of Eggs Fried Scrambled omelets
“Boiled” eggs Coddled eggs prepared in a cup Poached eggs A variety of custards Eggs that are prepared using the microwave Prime (season): To seal the pores of a pan’s metal surface with a layer of heated-on oil. “Boiled” not the correct term. Should use “cooked” Hot-Start Method: Soft: 3 to 4 minutes, Medium: 5 to 7 minutes Hard: 12 to 15 minutes Cold-Start Method: Soft: 1 minute,Medium: 3 to 5 minutes,Hard: 10 minutes Eggs cook extremely rapidly in a microwave oven. Special caution should be taken to avoid overcooking. Whole eggs with intact shells should never be microwaved. Steam expanding within the shell can cause them to burst. The same principle applies to whole eggs out of the shell. Egg yolks will burst if not punctured with a toothpick or the tip of a knife prior to going into the microwave.

25 Double Boiler: Water placed inside the bottom pan prevents direct heat and avoids scorching
+ = You will use a double boiler in your lab to make stirred custards. Using a double boiler decreases the chances of overheating your product and thus decreases the chances for curdling, syneresis and overcoagulation of the protein. When you make your stirred custard, you will pour the egg mixture into the top of the double boiler and then place this in the bottom of the boiler that will be filled with simmering water…pretty cool, huh?

Download ppt "Cooking with Dairy and Eggs"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google