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EGGS!!! In baking By :Tracey M. Knutt.

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Presentation on theme: "EGGS!!! In baking By :Tracey M. Knutt."— Presentation transcript:

1 EGGS!!! In baking By :Tracey M. Knutt

2 THE PARTS OF THE EGG Schematic of a chicken egg: 1.Eggshell 2. Outer membrane 3. Inner membrane 4. Chalaza 5. Exterior albumen 6. Middle  albumen 7. Vitelline membrane 8. Nucleus of pander 9. Germinal disc (nucleus) 10. Yellow yolk 11. White  yolk 12. Internal  albumen 13.  Chalaza 14. Air cell 15. Cuticula

3 THE PARTS OF THE EGG The three main components of the egg, however are the shell, the white and the yolk Shell – 95% calcium carbonate 5% miscellaneous components Whites: 87.6% water, protein 10.9%, vitamins and minerals 1.5% (Adds softness & fluffiness) The Yolk: 51.1% water, 16% protein, 30.6% fat, 2.3% vitamin & mineral (Thickness & density)

4 The Shell Apart from being the structure that holds the egg together, the shell has no uses in baking.

5 The White The whites function in baking is mostly structural (the protein in the egg white when put under duress by either heating it or whipping it unravels

6 When there are many unbundled proteins sharing the same area they then attach to each other to form a network of bonded proteins If egg white is added directly without whipping the bonds will have water pockets which will harden during the process of baking forming a foundational structure to your baked goods. If egg whites are whipped before added there will be air pockets trapped within the network which because of the laws of physics will expand when heated and the egg white will then be acting as a leavening agent. (e.g. Angel food cake gets almost all of its form from whipped egg whites)

7 Whipped egg, however loses its bonding strength with the presence of other substances and therefore agents like copper (mix in a copper bowl), or acidic compounds (lemon juice, vinegar, cream of tartar) and to glaze pastries and breads. Egg whites are used to make meringues

8 The Yolk The high fat content in the yolk contributes to its density as well as it is a flavour contributor Because of the high fat content coagulation usually is smother than egg whites which is why yolks are used as a thickening agent for things that are meant to be smooth e.g. Custards

9 Lecithin (emulsifying phospholipids- part of the fat cell membrane) Attracts water molecules on one ends and repels water attaching to oils on the other end, it is a major structural component in hollandaise sauces e.g. Mayonnaise

10 THE WHOLE EGG The whole egg , when used in baking adds structural integrity as well as depth of flavour to a recipe

11 GLAZING Egg yolk, egg white, or whole egg is use to brushed over pastries, bread, to produce a golden brown shiny glaze during baking. An egg wash glaze is one of the most common glazes for breads, resulting in a golden crust and because of its adhesive properties, allows other toppings to easily adhere to the surface of the dough.

12 Very Large or Extra-Large (XL)
Grading of Egg Sizes Modern Sizes (USA) Size Mass per egg Cooking Yield (Volume)] Jumbo Greater than 2.5 oz. or 71 g Very Large or Extra-Large (XL) Greater than 2.25 oz. or 64 g 56 mL (4 tbsp Large (L) Greater than 2 oz. or 57 g 46 mL (3.25 tbsp) Medium (M) Greater than 1.75 oz. or 50 g 43 mL (3 tbsp) Small (S) Greater than 1.5 oz. or 43 g Peewee Greater than 1.25 oz. or 35 g

13 FYI  Substitutes For those who do not consume eggs, alternatives used in baking include other rising agents or binding materials, such as ground flax seeds or potato starch flour. Tofu can also act as a partial binding agent, since it is high in lecithin due to its soy content. Applesauce can be used, as well as arrowroot and banana. Extracted soybean lecithin, in turn, is often used in packaged foods as an inexpensive substitute for egg-derived lecithin. Other egg substitutes are made from just the white of the egg for those who worry about the high cholesterol and fat content in eggs. These products usually have added vitamins and minerals as well as vegetable-based emulsifiers and thickeners such as guar gum. These allow the product to maintain the nutrition and several culinary properties of real eggs, making possible foods like Hollandaise sauce, custard, mayonnaise, and most baked goods with these substitutes.

14 The End! THE END

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