Presentation on theme: "Fish 2. Minnows Bluntnose Minnow EAT: Mosquito wigglers One or more males follow a female as she lays her eggs."— Presentation transcript:
Bluntnose Minnow EAT: Mosquito wigglers One or more males follow a female as she lays her eggs
Carp EAT: Vegetation Spawn during May through July in shallow waters
Creek Chub EAT: copepods and water fleas when they are young. aquatic insects, terrestrial insects worms, and small fishaquaticterrestrial spawn in early spring when water temperatures reach 55 degrees Fahrenheit. The males select spawning sites in small streams in smooth water with gravel substrate. males dig a pit by sweeping their tail against the stream bed and moving gravel away with their mouth. After spawning occurs they fill in the pit, burying the eggs, with small pebbles creating a mound. The male will then dig a new pit immediately downstream of the pile of pebbles. As spawning continues this activity creates a ridge of pebbles that can be a foot across and several feet long.
Flathead Minnow EAT: Plant material EAT: Plant material Spawn from late spring through midsummer Spawn from late spring through midsummer Eggs are deposited over submerged objects and guarded by males
Golden Shiner EAT: zooplankton, crustaceans, insects, small fish, and algae.zooplanktonalgae Females lay eggs on top of plants or on top of another fish's nest
Sauger EAT: aquatic insects Spawn in early spring
Walleye EAT: aquatic insects and fish EAT: aquatic insects and fish Spawn During the early spring
Yellow Perch EAT: minnows and the young of other small fish. They also eat insects such as mayflies. Spawn in mid-May
Chain Pickerel EAT: Fish, crayfish, insects, frogs Promiscuous males may breed with more than one female. Spawning occurs during the spring in and around vegetation. Eggs are adhesive and stick to vegetation.
Grass Pickerel EAT: Primarily fish, but will eat crayfish, frogs, and larger types of aquatic insect larvae. spawn in the spring when water temperatures range from 43 to 53 degrees Fahrenheit.
Muskellunge EAT: fish and sometimes ducklings and even small muskrats. spawn in the spring ages between 3 and 6 years old. The males move to the spawning grounds first, the females following. spawning takes place at night in shallow, muck-bottomed bays or coves, especially those with sunken stumps or logs. No nests are built, and no parental care is given to eggs or young.
Northern Pike EAT: fish, frogs, swimming voles, rats, and small water birds spawn in Lake Erie tributaries as soon as the ice breaks, usually in late February or early March. They often migrate into very small streams and can be found spawning in flooded drainage ditches
Brown Trout EAT: carnivorous, bottom feeders They return to the streams where they hatched to spawn. By whipping her tail, the female digs a shallow pit in the gravel bed then deposits 4,000 to 12,000 eggs into the nest, or redd. After the male deposits his milt into the pit, fertilizing the eggs, the female moves upstream to make another. While making another redd, the displaced gravel covers the eggs downstream, thus protecting them throughout the winter. The eggs develop slowly over the winter months, hatching in the spring.
Chinook Salmon EAT: insects, amphipods, and other crustaceans while young, and other fishes Spawning in streams that are larger and deeper than other salmon utilize, chinook salmon spawn from late summer to late fall, depending on the run. Chinook salmon spend 1 to 8 years at sea before returning to natal streams to spawn.
Coho Salmon EAT: plankton and insects, and switch to a diet of small fishes as adults in the ocean. Coho salmon adults migrate from a marine environment into freshwater streams and rivers of their birth in order to mate (called anadromy). They spawn only once and then die (called semelparity).
Lake Trout EAT: crustaceans, insects, other fish, and even small mammals. lake trout seem to return each fall to use the same spawning beds The eggs are deposited after dark, often on shoals.
Rainbow Trout EAT: opportunistic feeders that rely on a wide variety of food items ranging from small insects to crayfish. spawn in main river channels and their tributaries, and inlet or outlet streams of lakes. During their spawning migrations, steelhead are famous for their ability and tenacity to return to the streams where they hatched. Generally spawning in the spring and early summer,
Lake Sturgeon EAT: crayfish and other crustaceans as well as insect larvae. spawn in the spring from May-June. Prior to spawning, adult sturgeon form groups in deep holes near the spawning site. At this time, the sturgeon may perform "staging" displays that include rolling near the bottom then leaping out of the water to fall with a loud splash.
Redhorse Sucker aquatic insect larvae, some plant material, but mainly eat algae
Black Crappie EAT: small fish, insects and crustaceans They nest in the spring, generally when water temperatures reach 60°F
Bluegill EAT: aquatic insects and their larvae spawning when water temperatures reach about 70°F. Spawning may peak in May or June
Green Sunfish EAT: insects and small fish Spawning occurs in late spring, when water temperatures rise above 70°F, and may continue throughout the summer
Largemouth Bass EAT: fish and large invertebrates such as crayfish. Larger fish prey upon smaller bass. spawning begins in the spring when water This could occur as early as February or as late as May, depending one where one is in the state. Males build the nests in two to eight feet of water. Largemouth bass prefer to nest in quieter, more vegetated water than other black bass, but will use any substrate besides soft mud, including submerged logs.
Longear Sunfish EAT: Terrestrial and aquatic insects, crustaceans, and other small invertebrates. spawn in groups but do not form large colonies like bluegill. Males select a spawning site in shallow water and build a nest on gravel substrate usually near cover. Longear sunfish spawn multiple times once the water temperature reaches the low 70's between mid-May and mid-August.
Orange Spotted Sunfish EAT: aquatic insects May-July over gravel and rock substrates. Males fan out a depression in shallow water Males actively court females, by swimming quickly toward female, then rushing back to nest, producing a series of distinctive grunts the entire time
Pumpkinseed EAT: zooplankton This fish spawns May to early August and they lay their eggs in a crude nest that they scoop out of the mud or gravel in the bottom of the lakes and ponds.
Redear Sunfish EAT: snails, insect larvae, They spawn during the warm months of late spring and early summer
Rockbass EAT: small fish and crustaceans spawn on gravel or sandy substrates
Smallmouth Bass EAT: zooplankton, switching to insect larvae and finally fish and crayfish as they grow Spawn in the spring when water temperatures approach 60°F
Spotted Bass EAT: zooplankton to insects, and finally to fish and crayfish when older Spawn in rock and gravel at water temperatures of °F
Warmouth EAT: insects, mollusks, and small fish. reach sexual maturity at 3 to 4 inches