Presentation on theme: "Postmodern Feminist strategies"— Presentation transcript:
1Postmodern Feminist strategies “Bluebeard’s Egg” as an Example
2Feminisms 1. women's positions in patriarchal society and discourses 2. history of feminist movement & writings3. Feminisms and Gender Studies: Radical Feminism, French Feminism, Post-Feminism, (Lesbian Feminism, Taiwanese Feminisms)4. Postmodern Feminist strategies
3Feminist strategies: Examples Social/Theoretical in the 60’s – 70’sGender equality in public sphereA. Separatism, lesbianismB. Sexual LiberationLiterary CriticismSexual Politics in traditional lit.; AndrogynyA. Exclusive focus only on women’s writingsB. Celebrating femininity, feminine writing and desireGender Studies
4Feminist Artistic strategies: Some Examples Critiques: reveal gender biases 菊豆Empower female characters and their works; Examples: “Granny Weatherall”Celebrating femininity; Discovering Female Desire: The Piano; Georgia O'Keeffe；”野獸派”feminine writing: Films by Lea Pool and Rozema, poems by 夏宇Revising tradition:姜嫄Open accusation: Barbara Kruger
5Postmodern feminist literary strategies: the use of duality (2) Themes:Construction of identity through relationships; blurring of gender boundaries; dual identity (腹語術，The Piano).Alternative world: Fantasies, magic realism, utopia or distopiaStyle: revision of history or traditional texts, parody, mimicry and metafictionDual language: irony and ambiguity; or feminine writing (subversive of binaries and fixed meanings).
6Postmodern Feminist Artistic strategies: Dual language Open rebellion or ventriloquist and implicitly co-opting?Open accusation: Barbara Kruger; (accusation+mimicry)ㄐ一ㄢ視Revising male texts/tradition such as fairy tales to allow female space: Atwood’s “Blue Beard’s Egg”; “腹語術”Irony: “Rape Fantasies”; “重金屬”Parody: some feminist paintings﹔”某些雙人舞”Parody + intertexuality: MermaidsMimicry; Cindy Sherman, Madonna
7"Bluebeard's Egg“: Background—the fairy tales 1.the fairy tale: "Blue Beard's Egg": p. 137; wizard, three daughters, forbidden room, the egg – an important symbol2.the fairy-tale setting and the other motifs of fairy-tale or child play: forest, sauce, playhouse, prehistoric windbreaker, games (Monopoly 132, Pick Up Sticks p. 145)egg: fertility symbol; forbidden area+ blood//women’s loss of virginityrevising the fairy-tale, and scrambling of the other fairy-tale elements.
8"Bluebeard's Egg“: Background—the marriage 3.Sally, the third wife of Ed. The previous two wive--reasons for departure unknown: pp. 117; 1314.Ed, a heard doctor. --> heart, another important symbol in this story
9Sally's marriage 1 : Her relationship with Ed 1.her view of Ed, her husband: p. 116 (reversing the blonde tradition); p. 117; influenced by fairy-tales and murder mysteries2.insecure about her identity, but actually strong and patronizing/mothering the men around her:3.her relation with Ed.: 118; Ed as the center of her life4.worry about her being a "nothing" like Marilyn in marriage p. 122
10Sally's marriage 2 : Sally's worries, misunderstanding and misgiving. . . I. in terms of fairy-tale motifs:p the other women and Sally's worriesp The women will chew him up. (A reversal of the Bluebeard plot)Ed like a Russian doll 133;wandering in a forest--like Hans or the Little Red-Riding Hood who gets lucky? 133the ice-made house breaking apart 134
11Sally's marriage 3 : Clues to Ed's hypocrisy Ed’s stupidity or indifference?pp. 117, 125; indifferent to here.g. the heart machine episode p. 128p mechanical love-makingMarilyn's remarks p. 120 (Ed as a shiny button); p. 142 (getting a seeing-eye dog for him)
12Sally's growth (or initiation) 1. Feminist ideas emerging in Sally take courses to interest Ed, 125; real reason: to distract herself from him 134Her joke about heart surgery 126.Her reading of the fairy-tale on p. 137Sally is asked to revise the story of Bluebeard.
13Sally's growth (or initiation) 2. Turning point The party: Sally prepares the meal while thinking about Ed as the egg p. 140the discovery p. 144Multiple interpretations 1. Really happened?2. Ed intoxicated? 3. "Possibly Ed is not stupid. Possibly he is enormously clever." (145)
14Sally's growth (or initiation) Turning point fairy-tale forbidden areaEd as the eggp. 140Actually filled with chopped up women.Ed being the womanizer
15Sally's growth (or initiation) 3. ambiguous ending a heart--in black and white-- that will go on and on, over which she has no control.an egg which suggests new possiblities