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Implementing Survivor Focused Programming for Incarcerated Females in a County Jail Facility Presented by: Jennifer Scott, MA.

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Presentation on theme: "Implementing Survivor Focused Programming for Incarcerated Females in a County Jail Facility Presented by: Jennifer Scott, MA."— Presentation transcript:

1 Implementing Survivor Focused Programming for Incarcerated Females in a County Jail Facility Presented by: Jennifer Scott, MA

2 Video

3 Incarcerated Women Nationally More than one million women currently under supervision in the U.S. criminal justice systemMore than one million women currently under supervision in the U.S. criminal justice system Lauren E. Glaze and Thomas Bonczar, Probation and Parole in the United Staes, 2005, Bureau of Justice Statistics, November 2006, 6-8Lauren E. Glaze and Thomas Bonczar, Probation and Parole in the United Staes, 2005, Bureau of Justice Statistics, November 2006, 6-8 More than 200,000 of these women confined in state and local jails.More than 200,000 of these women confined in state and local jails. Paige Harrison and Allen Beck, Prison and Jail Inmates at Midyear 2005, Bureau of Justice Statistics, may 2006, 4Paige Harrison and Allen Beck, Prison and Jail Inmates at Midyear 2005, Bureau of Justice Statistics, may 2006, 4 Between 1977 and 2004, the number of women in prison grew by 750% -- nearly twice the rate for men.

4 Incarcerated Survivors Nationally Studies range from finding that 48% to 99% percent of women in prison have experienced domestic violence Bureau of Justice Statistics. Prior Abuse Reported by Inmates and Probationers, Washington, DC:U.S. Department of Justice (1999c)

5 Incarcerated Women Nationally Two-thirds are mothers of a minor childTwo-thirds are mothers of a minor child Nine out of ten mothers report their children living with a non-intimate partner during their incarcerationNine out of ten mothers report their children living with a non-intimate partner during their incarceration Women in Prison Project, Correctional Association of New York, Imprisonment and Families Fact Sheet, May 2007Women in Prison Project, Correctional Association of New York, Imprisonment and Families Fact Sheet, May 2007

6 Is womens crime different than mens?

7 Women in Prison Project Fact Sheet 2002 Women commit approximately 15% of all homicidesWomen commit approximately 15% of all homicides 35% of women who commit violent crimes do so against their intimate partners35% of women who commit violent crimes do so against their intimate partners 93% of women who killed intimate partners had suffered abuse from that partner93% of women who killed intimate partners had suffered abuse from that partner

8 Domestic Violence as a Pathway to Female Criminality? Gender-based violence trauma may lead to illegal activities (drugs, etc.)Gender-based violence trauma may lead to illegal activities (drugs, etc.) Abuser may force or coerce illegal behavior (softer sentence theory)Abuser may force or coerce illegal behavior (softer sentence theory) Womens high value on relationshipsWomens high value on relationships

9 Developing Survivor Programming in an Incarcerated Setting National ModelsNational Models –Cook County –San Francisco

10 Cook County Sheriffs Office Department of Womens Justice Services created in 1999Department of Womens Justice Services created in % of jails female population funded by the Cook County Board25% of jails female population funded by the Cook County Board

11 Cook County Sheriffs Office Three Programs:Three Programs: –MOMs Program: off-site 16-bed community bed program for moms of young children –Womens Residential Program: treatment program housed within the jail –Sheriffs Female Furlough Program: female day reporting with electronic monitoring

12 Cook County Sheriffs Office 2004 study with Northwestern University reported significant improvement by majority of participants for anxiety and trauma related symptoms post-release2004 study with Northwestern University reported significant improvement by majority of participants for anxiety and trauma related symptoms post-release

13 San Francisco Sheriffs Department Womens Reentry and Restorative Justice CenterWomens Reentry and Restorative Justice Center Within jail but also adjacent to jailWithin jail but also adjacent to jail –Staffed by the formerly incarcerated

14 Standing Against Global Exploitation (SAGE) Trauma recovery services for survivors of sexual exploitation, violence, and prostitutionTrauma recovery services for survivors of sexual exploitation, violence, and prostitution Pimps as abusersPimps as abusers

15 Travis County Sheriffs Office Austin, TX Female General Population Average number of women in custody = 266 Percentage of incarcerated = 11.34% Number booked in one calendar year = 12,833 Average length of stay 2-3 weeks

16 People Recognizing the Inherent Dignity of Everyone (PRIDE) program

17 With the intent of lessening intergenerational incarceration, the mission of the PRIDE program is to assist incarcerated Travis County women in building stronger relationships with their children and families. This is accomplished by providing the women with information addressing their physical, emotional and spiritual needs.

18 PRIDE Began in 2008Began in women at a time housed together in unit13 women at a time housed together in unit 17 differing classes/ groups provided by volunteers and local non-profit staff monthly17 differing classes/ groups provided by volunteers and local non-profit staff monthly Only one dedicated staff positionOnly one dedicated staff position

19 PRIDE First phase is four weeksFirst phase is four weeks Second phase indefiniteSecond phase indefinite Heavy components of parenting and trauma recoveryHeavy components of parenting and trauma recovery

20 PRIDE Classes Include:Include: –Parenting –Anger management –Womens health –Money Management –12-step –Cognitive –Motivational –Peer tutoring –Job Readiness

21 Participant Demographics 431 of women enrolled thus far431 of women enrolled thus far 34% of enrolled completed first phase34% of enrolled completed first phase 46% Caucasian, 40% Hispanic, 13% African- American, 1% Asian46% Caucasian, 40% Hispanic, 13% African- American, 1% Asian Average age of participant is 33Average age of participant is 33

22 Participant Demographics 45% direct substance abuse related charges45% direct substance abuse related charges (28% POCS, 10% Delivery, 7% DWI)(28% POCS, 10% Delivery, 7% DWI) 19% Fraud/ Forgery/Theft19% Fraud/ Forgery/Theft 13% Assault13% Assault 30% went on to Texas Department of Corrections30% went on to Texas Department of Corrections Only 20% went to any type of treatmentOnly 20% went to any type of treatment

23 Participant Demographics 71% have diagnosed mental health disorder or are currently receiving treatment within jail71% have diagnosed mental health disorder or are currently receiving treatment within jail 35% did not graduate from high school35% did not graduate from high school 68% had no employment prior to arrest68% had no employment prior to arrest Only 22% had ever attended any type of treatment or program in the pastOnly 22% had ever attended any type of treatment or program in the past

24 Participant Demographics Recidivism hard to measure:Recidivism hard to measure: –Program only three years old –Limited research resources –Tracking of sentencing lengths –From 8/29/08-8/31/09- 52% returned (skeleton program)

25 Participant Demographics 82% of participants reported history of domestic violence and/or sexual assault in their pasts82% of participants reported history of domestic violence and/or sexual assault in their pasts Extremely high co-occurring disordersExtremely high co-occurring disorders

26 Observed In the Jail Chronic pain (especially pelvic)Chronic pain (especially pelvic) Gynecological difficultiesGynecological difficulties AsthmaAsthma Heart palpitationsHeart palpitations HeadachesHeadaches Bruises, cuts, broken bones, concussionsBruises, cuts, broken bones, concussions

27 Observed in the Jail AnxietyAnxiety Panic DisorderPanic Disorder Major DepressionMajor Depression Substance abuse and dependenceSubstance abuse and dependence Personality disordersPersonality disorders Psychotic disordersPsychotic disorders Eating DisordersEating Disorders Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

28 Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) What is it?What is it? –An anxiety disorder that is characterized by the reexperiencing of an extremely traumatic event or events –May be from one direct personal threat or witnessing an event that causes death or injury –Varying responses displayed Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth EditionDiagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition

29 Trauma is an extreme form of bad luck-the bad luck of being born into the wrong family or being in the wrong place at the wrong time. It gets to the essence of the uncertainty of being alive. -Najavits, L.M. (2002). Seeking Safety: A Treatment Manual for PTSD and Substance Abuse, viii-ix.

30 Seeking Safety A cognitive behavioral psychotherapy treatment for individuals struggling with PTSD and substance abuseA cognitive behavioral psychotherapy treatment for individuals struggling with PTSD and substance abuse Used in domestic violence shelters, treatment facilities and TDCUsed in domestic violence shelters, treatment facilities and TDC Created by Lisa Najavits, Ph.D., 2002Created by Lisa Najavits, Ph.D., 2002

31 Seeking Safety Guiding Principles of Seeking Safety:Guiding Principles of Seeking Safety: –Safety as the priority of first stage treatment –Integrated treatment of PTSD and substance abuse –25 session topics –May be used in group setting or individually

32 Seeking Safety Four content areas:Four content areas: –Cognitive –Behavioral –Interpersonal –Case management

33 Seeking Safety Open and/or closed groupsOpen and/or closed groups Example topics: honesty, creating meaning, integrating split self, asking for helpExample topics: honesty, creating meaning, integrating split self, asking for help Each is session four parts:Each is session four parts: Check-inCheck-in Quotation reflectionQuotation reflection Topic exploration that compares old and new coping skillsTopic exploration that compares old and new coping skills Two-part check out including a commitmentTwo-part check out including a commitment

34 Seeking Safety Evaluated in five studies:Evaluated in five studies: –Of study published significant improvements in substance use, trauma-related symptoms, suicide risk, social adjustment, family functioning, problems solving, depression –Najavits, L.M., Weiss, R.D., Shaw, S.R., & Muenz, L.R.(1998). Seeking safety: Outcome of a new cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy for women with posttraumatic stress disorder and substance dependence. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 11 (2):

35 PRIDE Challenges Jail logistics (time and space)Jail logistics (time and space) Classification issuesClassification issues No individual counseling position yetNo individual counseling position yet

36 Outcomes Favorable surveys from participantsFavorable surveys from participants Women did not link PTSD with substance abuseWomen did not link PTSD with substance abuse Womens biggest hurdle is opening up in group and sharing with other womenWomens biggest hurdle is opening up in group and sharing with other women Inventory of Offender Risk, Needs, and Strenths (IORNS)-diagnostic tool resultsInventory of Offender Risk, Needs, and Strenths (IORNS)-diagnostic tool results

37 Future Needs CaseworkerCaseworker ResearchResearch Increased transitional mentoring for reentryIncreased transitional mentoring for reentry Skilled job training opportunitiesSkilled job training opportunities

38 Recommendations Compare similar jails (not to prisons)Compare similar jails (not to prisons) Have meeting will all departmental leaders togetherHave meeting will all departmental leaders together Create strong relationships with community agencies and volunteersCreate strong relationships with community agencies and volunteers

39 Read:Read: Moses Dawn, Glover Reed Beth, Mazelis Ruta & DAmbrosio Brandi. (August 2003). Creating Trauma Services for Women with Co-Occurring Disorders. Moses Dawn, Glover Reed Beth, Mazelis Ruta & DAmbrosio Brandi. (August 2003). Creating Trauma Services for Women with Co-Occurring Disorders. Abrahamson, Sally. (2009). Prisons Must Cease Re-Traumatizing Women: A Call for Gender- Responsive Programs the End the Cycle of Abuse.Abrahamson, Sally. (2009). Prisons Must Cease Re-Traumatizing Women: A Call for Gender- Responsive Programs the End the Cycle of Abuse.

40 Video


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